The Mediterranean Sea covers an area of about 2,500,000 km 2 (970,000 sq mi), representing 0.7% of the global ocean surface, but its connection to the Atlantic via the Strait of Gibraltar—the narrow strait that connects the Atlantic Ocean to the Mediterranean Sea and separates Spain in Europe from Morocco in Africa—is only 14 km (9 mi) wide.
Mediterranean sea (oceanography) A mediterranean sea ( / ˌmɛdɪtəˈreɪniən /) is, in oceanography, a mostly enclosed sea that has limited exchange of water with outer oceans and with water circulation dominated by salinity and temperature differences rather than winds or tides. The eponymous Mediterranean Sea, for example, is almost ...
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The Mediterranean Sea is the body of water that separates Europe, Africa, and Asia. The Mediterranean Sea is connected to the Atlantic Ocean by a narrow passage called the Strait of Gibraltar. The sea is almost completely surrounded by land, on the north by Europe, on the south by North Africa, and on the east by the Middle East. It covers ...
The American Mediterranean Sea drains approximately 6,200,000 km 2 (2,400,000 sq mi) in North America and Caribbean South America; it is the 2nd largest sea watershed. The watershed depends on South American water bodies such as the Magdalena River with 257,440 km 2 (99,397 sq mi), as well as the Guajira Peninsula and the Gulf of Venezuela.
- 2,216 m (7,270 ft)
- 4,200,000 km² (1,600,000 sq mi)
- 7,686 m (25,217 ft)
The Mediterrane Sea is the watter that sinders Europe, Africae and Asie. The Mediterrane Sea is a pairt o the Atlantic Ocean awmaist halely surroondit bi laund, on the north bi Europe, on the sooth bi Africae, and on the east bi Asie. It kivers aboot 2.5 million km² (965 000 mi²). The’r mony named pairts o the Mediterrane Sea:
Leoatle la Mediterranean le na le botebo bo bolelele ba limithara tse 1,500 (4,900 ft) mme ntlha e tebileng ka ho fetisisa e tlalehiloeng ke 5,267 m (17,280 ft) ho Calypso Deep ka Leoatleng la Ionia.
The following is a list of islands in the Mediterranean Sea By area. Name Image Country Area (km 2) Population Capital/Main City 1: Sicily Italy: 25,834: 5,010,001 ...
- Geology and paleoclimatology
- Flora and fauna
In biogeography, the Mediterranean /ˌmɛdɪtəˈreɪniən/ Basin is the region of lands around the Mediterranean Sea that have mostly a Mediterranean climate, with mild to cool, rainy winters and warm to hot, dry summers, which supports characteristic Mediterranean forests, woodlands, and scrub vegetation.
The Mediterranean basin covers portions of three continents: Europe, Africa, and Asia. It has a varied and contrasting topography. The Mediterranean Region offers an ever-changing landscape of high mountains, rocky shores, impenetrable scrub, semi-arid steppes, coastal wetlands, sandy beaches and a myriad islands of various shapes and sizes dotted amidst the clear blue sea. Contrary to the classic sandy beach images portrayed in most tourist brochures, the Mediterranean is surprisingly hilly. Mo
The Mediterranean Basin was shaped by the ancient collision of the northward-moving African–Arabian continent with the stable Eurasian continent. As Africa–Arabia moved north, it closed the former Tethys Sea, which formerly separated Eurasia from the ancient super continent of Gondwana, of which Africa was part. At about the same time, 170 mya in the Jurassic period, a small Neotethys ocean basin formed shortly before the Tethys Sea was closed at the eastern end. The collision pushed up ...
Phytogeographically, the Mediterranean basin together with the nearby Atlantic coast, the Mediterranean woodlands and forests and Mediterranean dry woodlands and steppe of North Africa, the Black Sea coast of northeastern Anatolia, the southern coast of Crimea between Sevastopol and Feodosiya and the Black Sea coast between Anapa and Tuapse in Russia forms the Mediterranean Floristic Region, which belongs to the Tethyan Subkingdom of the Boreal Kingdom and is enclosed between the Circumboreal, I
The WWF identifies 22 Mediterranean forests, woodlands, and scrub ecoregions in the Mediterranean Basin. 1. Aegean and Western Turkey sclerophyllous and mixed forests 2. Anatolian conifer and deciduous mixed forests 3. Canary Islands dry woodlands and forests 4. Corsican montane broadleaf and mixed forests 5. Crete Mediterranean forests 6. Cyprus Mediterranean forests 7. Eastern Mediterranean conifer–sclerophyllous–broadleaf forests 8. Iberian conifer forests 9. Iberian sclerophyllous ...
Neanderthals inhabited western Asia and the non-glaciated portions of Europe starting about 230,000 years ago. Modern humans moved into western Asia from Africa less than 100,000 years ago. Modern humans, known as Cro-Magnons, moved into Europe approximately 50–40,000 years ago. The most recent glacial period, the Wisconsin glaciation, reached its maximum extent approximately 21,000 years ago, and ended approximately 12,000 years ago. A warm period, known as the Holocene climatic optimum ...
In oceanography, it is sometimes called the Eurafrican Mediterranean Sea or the European Mediterranean Sea to distinguish it from mediterranean seas elsewhere. The Mediterranean Sea has an average depth of 1,500 m (4,900 ft) and the deepest recorded point is 5,267 m (17,280 ft) in the Calypso Deep in the Ionian Sea.