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  1. Neoclassical architecture - Wikipedia

    Neoclassical architecture is an architectural style produced by the Neoclassical movement that began in the mid-18th century in Italy and France which then became one the most prominent and iconic architectural styles in the Western World. The development of archaeology was crucial in the emergence of Neoclassical architecture.

    • History

      The movement defined historically as Neoclassicism is...

    • Characteristics

      High neoclassicism was an international movement. Architects...

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  3. Neoclassicism - Wikipedia

    Neoclassicism (also spelled Neo-classicism; from Greek νέος nèos, "new" and Greek κλασικός klasikόs, "of the highest rank") was a Western cultural movement in the decorative and visual arts, literature, theatre, music, and architecture that drew inspiration from the art and culture of classical antiquity.

  4. Neoclassical architecture in Milan - Wikipedia
    • Summary
    • Overview
    • Characteristics
    • Major works
    • Renovation of the ramparts
    • Neoclassical districts

    Neoclassical architecture in Milan encompasses the main artistic movement from about 1750 to 1850 in this northern Italian city. From the final years of the reign of Maria Theresa of Austria, through the Napoleonic Kingdom of Italy and the European Restoration, Milan was in the forefront of a strong cultural and economic renaissance in which Neoclassicism was the dominant style, creating in Milan some of the most influential works in this style in Italy and across Europe. Notable developments in

    The Treaty of Rastatt in 1714, formalized the transfer of Milan from Spanish to Austrian rule. During the reign of Maria Theresa and Joseph II, the city led a cultural and economic renaissance. The empress and her son, strongly influenced by the ideals of Enlightenment, played a significant role in the movement of reform. Thanks to its enlightened government and reforms, Milan was open to developments from Europe, quickly becoming a lively intellectual centre. As a result, influential proponents

    The Neoclassical period in Milan can be divided into three phases corresponding to three historical periods for the city in the 18th and 19th centuries: the Austrian period of Enlightenment, the Napoleonic years and the Restoration. In Milan, Neoclassicism began a few years later than in its main European counterparts, mainly as a result of the problems of succession to the thone of the Austrian empire, with Maria Theresa's lengthy reign. Initially, Neoclassicism in Milan, like the artists who p

    For the first time since the Renaissance, urban planning was designed to renew the city in its entirety. There was a clear break with earlier developments which had produced works of great artistic value but which were separated from each other and often built on the initiative of private individuals. The city's development was now rationally planned on the basis of strict criteria, always under the supervision of the Ornato Committee. Some of the works are remarkable in their own right for thei

    In the city's Neoclassical transformations, great importance was given to the renovation of the city wall which was no longer needed for defensive purposes. It was converted into scenic walkways while the former customs houses were redesigned as striking monuments.

    From the mid 18th century, much of the city underwent a radical transformation, especially the streets. Under Austrian rule, the significance of the various axes changed with the result that many of the city's sinuous streets were rebuilt and frequently straightened out. These new axes led to the development of new districts with a considerable number of Neoclassical buildings, many of which can still be seen today.

  5. Neoclassical architecture in Russia - Wikipedia

    Neoclassical architecture in Russia developed in the second half of the 18th century, especially after Catherine the Great succeeded to the throne on June 28, 1762, becoming Empress of Russia. Neoclassical architecture developed in many Russian cities , first of all St. Petersburg , which was undergoing its transformation into a modern capital ...

  6. Jeffersonian architecture - Wikipedia

    Jeffersonian architecture is an American form of Neo-Classicism and/or Neo-Palladianism embodied in the architectural designs of U.S. President and polymath Thomas Jefferson, after whom it is named. These include his home ( Monticello ), his retreat ( Poplar Forest ),the university he founded ( University of Virginia ), and his designs for the ...

  7. Neoclassical architecture in Belgium - Wikipedia

    Neoclassical architecture (Dutch: Neoclassicistische architectuur, French: Architecture néo-classique, German: Neoklassizistische Architektur) appeared in Belgium during the period of Austrian occupation in the mid-18th century and enjoyed considerable longevity in the country, surviving through periods of French and Dutch occupation, and the birth of Independent Belgium, surviving well into ...

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  9. Neoclassicism in France - Wikipedia
    • Overview
    • History
    • Architecture
    • Painting
    • Sculpture
    • Interior decoration

    Neoclassicism is a movement in architecture, design and the arts which was dominant in France between about 1760 to 1830. It emerged as a reaction to the frivolity and excessive ornament of the baroque and rococo styles. In architecture it featured sobriety, straight lines, and forms, such as the pediment and colonnade, based on Ancient Greek and Roman models. In painting it featured heroism and sacrifice in the time of the ancient Romans and Greeks. It began late in the reign of Louis XV, becam

    Neoclassicism in France emerged in the early to mid-18th century, inspired in part by the reports of the archeological excavations at Herculaneum and especially Pompeii, which brought to light classical designs and paintings. The news of these discoveries, accompanied by engraved illustrations, circulated widely. The French antiquarian, art collector and amateur archeologist Anne Claude de Caylus travelled in Europe and the Mideast, and described what he had seen in Recueil d'antiquités ...

    Classicism appeared in French architecture during the reign of Louis XIV. In 1667 the king rejected a baroque scheme for the new east facade of the Louvre by Gian Lorenzo Bernini, the most famous architect and sculptor of the Baroque era, in favor of a more sober composition with

    During the French Revolution construction virtually stopped in Paris. The aristocrats fled, churches were closed and sacked. The one large project carried out between 1795 and 1797 was the building of a large new chamber within the Palais Bourbon, which eventually became the home

    After the final defeat of Napoleon in 1815, the neoclassic style continued to be used during the French Restoration, particularly in Paris churches. Examples include Notre-Dame-de-Lorette by Louis-Hippolyte Lebas and Saint-Vincent-de-Paul by Jacques-Ignace Hittorff. By the 1830s,

    The dominant figure in French neoclassical painting, even before the Revolution, was Jacques Louis David. He began as a classical and religious painter, an admirer of Jean-Baptiste Greuze, the history and genre painter. He was recommended to the Royal Academy of Fine Arts by a family friend, François Boucher, master of the rococo style. He won the prestigious Prix de Rome and went to study there in 1775. He discovered the treasures excavated from Pompeii and other ancient sites, and ...

    The most prominent French sculptor in the early neoclassical period was Étienne Maurice Falconet. whose work included the heroic statue of Peter the Great on horseback in Saint Petersburg, Russia. He was named professor at the Academy of Fine Arts in Paris in 1766, and from 1757 onward he directed the modeling of small sculptures in porcelain at the Sèvres Porcelain manufactory. His work remained closer to the statues in full movement of the French baroque than the new, more serene style ...

    The goût Grec or "Greek taste" in design was introduced in France in 1757 by Jean-François de Neufforge in his book Recueil élémentaire d'architecture, which praised "the majestic and sober style of the architects of ancient Greece." He offered engravings of classical vaults, garlands of laurel leaves, palmettos and guilloches and other motifs which soon appeared in Paris salons. Beginning in the 1770s, the style pompéien or Pompeii style came into fashion in Paris, based on ...

    • France
    • c. 1760–1830
  10. Neoclassical architecture in Poland - Wikipedia

    Neoclassical architecture in Poland was centered on Warsaw under the reign of Stanisław August Poniatowski, while the modern concept of a single capital city was to some extent inapplicable in the decentralized Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth.

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