Printmaking is the process of creating artworks by printing, normally on paper. Printmaking normally covers only the process of creating prints that have an element of originality, rather than just being a photographic reproduction of a painting.
Printmaking is making art by printing pictures, normally on paper. The advantage of printmaking is that lots of the same picture can be printed. This is called a print. Each print is not a copy, but an original, since it came from the same source (not like painting or drawing).You can also use different types of techniques to start the print.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Printmaking is the making of a work of art by transferring ink from the surface upon which the work was originally drawn or otherwise composed to another surface. The main article for this category is Printmaking. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Printmaking.
Jun 27, 2019 · Printmaking is the activity or occupation of producing prints from plates or blocks.
In printmaking, an edition is a number of prints struck from one plate, usually at the same time. This may be a limited edition, with a fixed number of impressions produced on the understanding that no further impressions (copies) will be produced later, or an open edition limited only by the number that can be sold or produced before the plate wears.
Printmakingis the process of creating artworks by printing, normally on paper. Printmaking normally covers only the process of creating prints that have an element of originality, rather than just being a photographic reproduction of a painting.
- Old Master Print Period – C. 1800
- 19th Century
- 20th Century
Northern 1. Master of the Playing CardsEn 2. Master ESEn 3. Master of the HousebookEn 4. Martin SchongauerEn 5. Master I. A. M. of ZwolleEn 6. Master of the WeibermachtEn 7. Master L. Cz.En 8. Israhel van MeckenemEn 9. Mair von Landshut, En, Wo 10. Master MZ, En 11. Master W with the KeyEn 12. Master W. B.En 13. Michael WolgemutWo 14. Erhard ReuwichWo Italian 1. Baccio BaldiniEn 2. Jacopo de' BarbariEn, Wo 3. Andrea MantegnaEn 4. Masters of the Mantegna TarocchiEn 5. Antonio PollaiuoloEn
16th century Renaissance/mannerist
Austrian 1. Wenzel JamnitzerEt 2. Wolf HuberWo Dutch and Flemish 1. Johann Theodor de BryEn (later in Germany, also publisher) 2. Jan Van CalcarWo 3. Hieronymus CockEn, Et, Publisher 4. Hans CollaertEn, son of Adriaen 5. Cornelis CortEn 6. Philippe Galle En, Publisher, and his heirs, including Adriaen Collaert. 7. Hendrik GoltziusEn, Et 8. Joris HoefnagelEn 9. Lucas van LeydenEn, Wo 10. Sadeler family - Aegidius SadelerEn (and his many relations) 11. Maerten de VosEn 12. Van de Passe familyEn...
British 1. Francis Barlow (artist)Et Dutch and Flemish 1. Martin BaesEn 2. Ferdinand BolEt 3. Hans CollaertEn 4. Karel DujardinEt 5. Anthony van DyckEt 6. Gerard EdelinckEt, En 7. Philip FruytiersEt 8. Jan FytEt 9. Jacob de Gheyn IIEn 10. Samuel van HoogstratenEt 11. Adriaen van OstadeEt 12. Rembrandt Harmenszoon van RijnEt, En 13. Jacob Isaakszoon van RuisdaelEt 14. Hercules SeghersEt, En, Aq (with hand-painting etc.) 15. Adriaen van de VeldeEt 16. Lucas VorstermanEn (reproductive, with Rube...
American 1. Mary CassattEt, Aq, Li 2. Nathaniel CurrierLi (Publisher) 3. F. O. C. DarleyLi 4. Henry FarrerEt 5. Ellen Day HaleLi 6. Winslow HomerEn 7. James Merritt Ives(Publisher) 8. Louis Maurer Li (for Currier & Ives) 9. Aaron PeasleyEn 10. Maurice PrendergastMo 11. John SartainMe 12. James McNeill WhistlerEn, Et, Li 13. Edwin WhitefieldLi 14. John Caspar WildLi (Swiss-born) Austrian 1. Josef KriehuberLi 2. Bernhard WachtlLi Dutch and Belgian 1. James EnsorEt 2. Johan Jongkind 3. Jan August Hendrik LeysEt 4. Félicien RopsEt, Aq British 1. Lawrence Alma-TademaEt (Dutch-born) 2. Henry AlkenEt, Aq 3. Thomas Lewis AtkinsonEn (Reproductive) 4. Thomas Barker of BathLi 5. Edward Calvert (painter)We, En 6. David Young CameronEt 7. John ConstableMe (collaboratively) 8. John DoyleLi (caricatures) 9. John Sell CotmanEt 10. William EnsomEn 11. Francis Seymour HadenEt 12. William HeathEt, Aq (caricatures) 13. John Douglas MillerEn (Reproductive) 14. Samuel PalmerEt, En, Mo 15. John Skinner Pr...
Active to c. 1960
American 1. George AdomeitLi (and printer) 2. Grace AlbeeWo, Weh 3. Anni AlbersLi, Sc 4. Valenti AngeloEn, Wo (Linocut) 5. George BellowsLi 6. Leon Bibel 7. Robert Blackburn (artist)Li 8. George Elbert BurrEt 9. Minna Citron 10. Amelia R. CoatsEt 11. Eleanor CoenLi 12. Alphaeus Philemon ColeEt, En 13. Constance Edith FowlerWe 14. Wedo GeorgettiEt, Li 15. Thomas HandforthEt 16. Edward HopperEt 17. Jacques HnizdovskyWo, Li, Et 18. Max KahnLi, Wo 19. Rockwell KentLi, Wo 20. Albert Kotin 21. Dori...
Active from c. 1960 to 1990
American 1. Earl W. BascomEt, Li, Wo 2. Leonard Baskin 3. Robert BlackburnLi, Wo 4. Elizabeth CatlettWo (Linocut) 5. Sam FrancisLi, Et 6. Nancy GravesLi 7. Philip GustonLi 8. Mary Henry (artist) 9. Jacques HnizdovskyWo, Li, Et 10. Yvonne JacquetteWo 11. Jasper JohnsEt, Li 12. Ruth LeafEt, Wo 13. Roy LichtensteinLi, Sc 14. Jack McLartyLi, Wo, We, Sc, Et 15. Barry Moser 16. Steve PoleskieSc 17. Robert RauschenbergLi, Sc 18. Claus Sievert, Et 19. Julian Stanczak 20. Frank StellaLi, Wo 21. Brian...
the Americas 1. Above (artist) 2. Articulate Ink(collective, founding members Amber Dalton, Caitlin Mullan, and Michelle Brownridge, later joined by Karli Jessup) 3. Katie BaldwinSc 4. Jack BoulMo 5. Enrique ChagoyaEt, En, Li, Di 6. Susan Crile 7. Joseph Craig EnglishSc 8. Jane HammondLi, Si, 9. Jeff Koons 10. Tomas Lasansky 11. Evan Lindquist 12. M. Bernard LoatesWe, Me, Li, Sc, St, Di 13. Virginia A. MyersEt, En 14. Miriam Mörsel NathanMo 15. Antero Olin 16. Michael ParkesLi 17. Bob Schneid...
- Brief history
- Current usage
Intaglio is the family of printing and printmaking techniques in which the image is incised into a surface and the incised line or sunken area holds the ink. It is the direct opposite of a relief print, where the parts of the matrix that make the image stand above the main surface. Normally, copper or in recent times zinc sheets, called plates, are used as a surface or matrix, and the incisions are created by etching, engraving, drypoint, aquatint or mezzotint, often in combination. Collagraphs
In intaglio printing, the lines to be printed are cut into a metal plate by means either of a cutting tool called a burin, held in the hand – in which case the process is called engraving; or through the corrosive action of acid – in which case the process is known as etching. In etching, for example, the plate is pre-covered in a thin, acid-resistant resin or wax ground. Using etching needles or burins, the artist or writer engraves their image. The plate's ground side is then dipped ...
Intaglio printmaking emerged in Europe well after the woodcut print, with the earliest known surviving examples being undated designs for playing cards made in Germany, using drypoint technique, probably in the late 1430s. Engraving had been used by goldsmiths to decorate metalwork, including armor, musical instruments and religious objects since ancient times, and the niello technique, which involved rubbing an alloy into the lines to give a contrasting color, also goes back to late antiquity.
At one time, intaglio printing was used for all mass-printed materials including banknotes, stock certificates, newspapers, books, maps and magazines, fabrics, wallpapers and sheet music. Today, intaglio engraving is used largely for paper or plastic currency, banknotes, passports and occasionally for high-value postage stamps. The appearance of engraving is sometimes mimicked for items such as wedding invitations by producing an embossment around lettering printed by another process to suggest
Mezzotint is a printmaking process of the intaglio family. It was the first tonal method to be used, enabling half-tones to be produced without using line- or dot-based techniques like hatching, cross-hatching or stipple. Mezzotint achieves tonality by roughening a metal plate with thousands of little dots made by a metal tool with small teeth ...
Printmaking in the 20th century The invention of photography in the early 1800s had a great influence on the development of the visual arts. Its effect was the most immediate on printmaking: photographic reproduction processes made reproductive printmaking obsolete, and printmaking was returned to the creative artist.