A public school in England and Wales is a fee-charging endowed school originally for older boys that was "public" in the sense of being open to pupils irrespective of locality, denomination or paternal trade or profession. The term was formalised by the Public Schools Act 1868, which put into law most recommendations of the 1864 Clarendon Report. Nine prestigious schools were investigated by Clarendon, and seven subsequently reformed by the Act: Eton, Shrewsbury, Harrow, Winchester, Rugby, Westm
This gives me occasion to note the benefit of public schools...
- Early history
Public schools emerged from charity schools established to...
- Victorian period
A Royal Commission, the Clarendon Commission, investigated...
A public school is a term generally used in the United Kingdom to refer to any fee-paying private school. Traditionally it referred to one of seven private schools given independence from direct jurisdiction by the Public Schools Act 1868 : Charterhouse , Eton College , Harrow School , Rugby School , Shrewsbury School , Westminster School , and Winchester College .
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Education in the United Kingdom is a devolved matter with each of the countries of the United Kingdom having separate systems under separate governments: the UK Government is responsible for England; whilst the Scottish Government, the Welsh Government and the Northern Ireland Executive are responsible for Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland, respectively.
- The present day
- School type and eventual degree class
In the United Kingdom, independent schools are fee-charging schools, typically governed by an elected board of governors and independent of many of the regulations and conditions that apply to state-funded schools. For example, pupils do not have to follow the National Curriculum. Historically, the term 'private school' referred to a school in private ownership, in contrast to an endowed school subject to a trust or of charitable status. Many of the older and more exclusive independent schools c
Some independent schools are particularly old, such as The King's School, Canterbury, The King's School, Rochester, St Peter's School, York, Sherborne School, Warwick School, The King's School, Ely and St Albans School. These schools were founded as part of the church and were un
The educational reforms of the 19th century were particularly important under first Thomas Arnold at Rugby, and then Butler and later Kennedy at Shrewsbury, the former emphasising team spirit and muscular Christianity and the latter the importance of scholarship and competitive e
Until 1975 there had been a group of 179 academically selective schools drawing on both private and state funding, the direct grant grammar schools. The Direct Grant Grammar Schools Regulations 1975 required these schools to choose between full state funding as comprehensive scho
In 2011 there were more than 2,500 independent schools in the UK educating some 628,000 children, comprising over 6.5 per cent of UK children, and more than 18 per cent of pupils over the age of 16. In England the schools account for a slightly higher percentage than in the UK as
Independent schools in Scotland educate about 31,000 children and often referred to as private schools. Although many of the Scottish independent schools are members of the ISC they are also represented by the Scottish Council of Independent Schools, recognised by the Scottish Pa
Independent schools, like state grammar schools, are free to select their pupils, subject to general legislation against discrimination. The principal forms of selection are financial, in that the pupil's family must be able to pay the school fees, and academic, with many adminis
Independent schools are often criticised for being elitist, and seen as lying outside the spirit of the state system. However, the treatment of the state sector as homogeneous in nature is difficult to support. The spectrum of state schools, their intake and performance, is enormous, going from "super selective", selective, right down to what Newsam referred to as "sub secondary modern". Although grammar schools are rare, some of them are highly selective, and state-funded boarding schools charg
In 2002 Jeremy Smith and Robin Naylor of the University of Warwick conducted a study into the determinants of degree performance at UK universities. Their study confirmed that the internationally recognized phenomenon whereby “children from more advantaged class backgrounds have higher levels of educational attainment than children from less-advantaged class backgrounds" persists at university level in the United Kingdom. The authors noted "a very well-determined and monotonically ...
This is an incomplete list of independent schools in the United Kingdom.. For more, see Headmasters' and Headmistresses' Conference for a list of 242 leading day and boarding independent boys' and coeducational schools in the United Kingdom, Crown dependencies and the Republic of Ireland.
in Europe (dark grey) Location of the United Kingdom, Crown Dependencies and British Overseas Territories (red) Capital and largest city London Official language and national language English Regional and minority languages Scots Ulster Scots Welsh Cornish Scottish Gaelic Irish Ethnic groups (2011) 87.1% White 7.0% Asian 3.0% Black 2.0% Mixed 0.9% Other Religion (2011) 59.5% Christianity 25.7% ...
This list of the oldest schools in the United Kingdom contains extant schools in the United Kingdom established prior to 1700 and a few former schools established prior to the Reformation. The dates refer to the foundation or the earliest documented contemporary reference to the school. In many cases the date of the original foundation is uncertain. For conciseness schools whose date is cited on their own page in Wikipedia are not cited again here. Though not technically in the United Kingdom, a
Public school, also called independent school, in the United Kingdom, one of a relatively small group of institutions educating secondary-level students for a fee and independent of the state system as regards both endowment and administration. The term public school emerged in the 18th century when the reputation of certain grammar schools spread beyond their immediate environs.
St Benet Biscop Catholic High School (now St Benet Biscop Catholic Academy) in Northumberland became the first school in the United Kingdom to establish its own, fully functioning business, Benet Enterprises. The School is a typical example of an over-subscribed school due to its high academic performance and reputation in the local area.