The Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina was a state in Southeastern Europe, existing from 1992 to 1995. It is the direct legal predecessor to the modern-day state of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Bosnia and Herzegovina seceded from the disintegrating Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia on 3 March 1992. This led almost immediately to the breakout of the Bosnian War which went on over the entire existence of the republic. Leaders of two of the three main ethnicities of Bosnia and Herzegovina, namely
The 1990 parliamentary elections led to a national assembly...
Bosnia and Herzegovina had more demographic variety than...
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In October 1992, a limited number of Republic of Bosnia and...
Bosnia and Herzegovina (Serbo-Croatian: Bosna i Hercegovina / Боснa и Херцеговина, pronounced [bôsna i xěrtseɡoʋina]), abbreviated BiH or B&H, sometimes called Bosnia–Herzegovina and often known informally as Bosnia, is a country in South and Southeast Europe, located within the Balkans. Sarajevo is the capital and largest city.
The Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina, commonly referred to as Socialist Bosnia or simply Bosnia, was one of the six constituent federal states forming the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. It was a predecessor of the modern-day Bosnia and Herzegovina, existing between 1945 and 1992, under a number of different formal names, including Democratic Bosnia and Herzegovina and People's Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Within Yugoslavia, Bosnia and Herzegovina was a unique federa
During a meeting of the State Anti-fascist Council for the National Liberation of Bosnia and Herzegovina in Mrkonjić Grad on 25 November 1943. In April 1945 its name was formalized as the Federal State of Bosnia and Herzegovina, a constituent unit of the Democratic Federal Yugoslavia. With DF Yugoslavia changing its name to the Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia on 29 November 1945 as well as the promulgation of the 1946 Yugoslav Constitution two months later in January, its ...
Because of its central geographic position within the Yugoslav federation, post-war Bosnia was strategically selected as a base for the development of the military defense industry. This contributed to a large concentration of arms and military personnel in Bosnia; a significant factor in the war that followed the break-up of Yugoslavia in the 1990s. However, Bosnia's existence within Yugoslavia, for the large part, was peaceful and prosperous. Being one of the poorer republics in the early 1950
- Prehistory and Roman Era
- Middle Ages
- Ottoman Era (1463–1878)
- Occupation by Austria-Hungary (1878–1918)
- Kingdom of Yugoslavia (1918–41)
Bosnia and Herzegovina, sometimes referred to simply as Bosnia, is a country in Southeast Europe on the Balkan Peninsula. It has had permanent settlement since the Neolithic Age. By the early historical period it was inhabited by Illyrians and Celts. Christianity arrived in the 1st century, and by the 4th century the area became part of the Western Roman Empire. Germanic tribes invaded soon after, followed by Slavs in the 6th Century. In 1136, Béla II of Hungary invaded Bosnia and created...
Bosnia has been inhabited since Neolithic times. In the late Bronze Age, the Neolithic population was replaced by more warlike Indo-European tribes known as the Illyrians. Celtic migrations in the 4th and 3rd century BCE displaced many Illyrian tribes from their former lands, but some Celtic and Illyrian tribes mixed. Concrete historical evidence for this period is scarce, but overall it appears that the region was populated by a number of different peoples speaking distinct languages. Christian
By the 6th century, Emperor Justinian had re-conquered the area and large parts of the former Western Empire for the Eastern Roman Empire with its capital in Constantinople. The Slavs, a migratory people from southeastern Europe, were allied by the Eurasian Avars in the 6th centu
It is only from the 9th century that Frankish and Byzantine sources begin to mention early Slavic polities in the region. In this regard, the earliest widely acknowledged reference to Bosnia dates from the 10th century De Administrando Imperio written by Byzantine emperor Constan
Bosnian history from then until the early 14th century was marked by the power struggle between the Šubić and Kotromanić families. This conflict came to an end in 1322, when Stjepan II Kotromanić became ban. By the time of his death in 1353, he had succeeded in annexing ...
The Ottoman conquest of Bosnia marked a new era in the country's history and introduced tremendous changes in the political and cultural landscape of the region. Although the kingdom had been crushed and its high nobility executed, the Ottomans nonetheless allowed for the preservation of Bosnia's identity by incorporating it as an integral province of the Ottoman Empire with its historical name and territorial integrity - a unique case among subjugated states in the Balkans. Within this sandžak
Though an Austria-Hungary military force quickly subjugated initial armed resistance upon take-over, tensions remained in certain parts of the country and a mass emigration of predominantly Muslim dissidents occurred. However, a state of relative stability was reached soon enough and Austro-Hungarian authorities were able to embark on a number of social and administrative reforms which intended to make Bosnia and Herzegovina into a "model colony". With the aim of establishing the province as a s
Following World War I, Bosnia was incorporated into the South Slav kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes. Political life in Bosnia at this time was marked by two major trends: social and economic unrest over the Agrarian Reform of 1918–19 manifested through mass colonization and property confiscation; also formation of several political parties that frequently changed coalitions and alliances with parties in other Yugoslav regions. The dominant ideological conflict of the Yugoslav state ...
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The first state in Bosnia and Herzegovina was in the Middle Ages. During the Ottoman Empire, it was a very important province in the Balkans and the capital, Sarajevo, had 100,000 people. In 1878, it became a province of Austria-Hungary when the Empire took over Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1908. In 1914 the Archduke Ferdinand and his wife, Sophie, were assassinated in Sarajevo, leading to World War I. From 1918 until 1992, the country was a part of the former Yugoslavia. After a 3-year long war, Bosnia and Herzegovina proclaimed independenceas a country consisting mostly of Serbs, Croats and Bosnian Muslims.
The country is divided into two entities: Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Republika Srpska. These are then divided into 10 cantons.
Bosnia and Herzegovina has produced many athletes. Many of them were famous in the Yugoslav national teams before Bosnia and Herzegovina's independence. The most important international sporting event in the history of Bosnia and Herzegovina was the hosting of the 14th Winter Olympics, held in Sarajevo. The Borac handball club has won seven Yugoslav Handball Championships, as well as the European Championship Cup in 1976 and the International Handball Federation Cup in 1991. The Bosna basketball club from Sarajevo were European Champions in 1979. The Yugoslav national basketball team medaled in every world championship from 1963 through 1990. The team included Bosnian players such as Dražen Dalipagić and Mirza Delibašić. Bosnia and Herzegovina regularly qualifies for the European Championship in Basketball. Jedinstvo Aida women's basketballclub, based in Tuzla, has won the 1989 European Championships in Florence. Bosnia has many world-class basketball players, notably Mirza Teletovi...
Bosnian cuisine uses many spices, in moderate quantities. Most dishes are light, as they are cooked in lots of water. The sauces are fully natural, with little more than the natural juices of the vegetables in the dish. Typical ingredients include tomatoes, potatoes, onions, garlic, peppers, cucumbers, carrots, cabbage, mushrooms, spinach, zucchini, dried beans, fresh beans, plums, milk, paprika and cream called Pavlaka. Bosnian cuisine is balanced between Western and Eastern influences. As a result of the Ottoman administration for almost 500 years, Bosnian food is closely related to Turkish, Greek, and other former Ottoman and Mediterranean cuisines. However, because of years of Austrian rule, there are many influences from Central Europe. Typical meat dishes include mostly beef and lamb. Some local specialties are ćevapi, burek, dolma, sarma, pilaf, goulash, ajvar and a whole range of Eastern sweets. Local wines come from Herzegovina where the climate is suitable for growing grap...Media related to Bosnia and Herzegovinaat Wikimedia Commons
- Army organization and commanding officers
The Army of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina, often referred to as Bosnian Army, was the military force of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina. It was established by the government of Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1992 following the outbreak of the Bosnian War. Following the end of the war, and the signing of the Dayton Peace Agreement in 1995, it was transformed into the Army of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The ARBiH was the only military force on the territory of Bosnia and H
The Political leadership in Sarajevo had met in Mehurici to decide alternatives if Slovenia and Croatia should follow their stated plans to declare independence. After this board meeting Hasan Cengic met with Rusmir Mahmutcehajic to propose the formation of a paramilitary that wo
The new army was divided into corps, each stationed in a particular territory. In 1993, most brigades were renamed as Mountain troops given that the lack of heavy weapons made it organizationally pointless to list them as infantry or motorized. In addition, Bosnian terrain favore
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- 1st Corps Operational Zone
- Organization 1992–1994
- Organization 1995
The First Corps was one of seven units of the Army of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina established in 1992, in the early part of the Bosnian War.
The 1st Corps of the Army of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina was solely established to defend Sarajevo and some part of the Sarajevo region. In 1997–1998, the 1st, 3rd and 7th Corps were incorporated into the 1st Corps of the Army of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The First Corps was responsible for the zone of Sarajevo during the war with the Bosnian Serb and Croat forces and its headquarters were established in Sarajevo. The First Corps had the assignment of protecting the Sarajevo, Gorazde zone from the opponents.
From 1992 to 1994: These brigades were later renamed in the 3-number series. 1. 1st Motorized Brigade 2. 1st Mountain Brigade 3. 2nd Motorized Brigade 4. 2nd Mountain Brigade 5. 3rd Motorized Brigade 6. 5th Infantry Brigade 7. 9th Mountain Brigade Commander: Nezir Kazić 8. 9th Motorized Brigade Deputy Commander: Ramiz Delalić "Ćelo" 9. 10th Mountain Brigade 1st Commander: Mušan Topalović 10. 11th Infantry Brigade 11. 12th Infantry Brigade 12. 15th Motorized Brigade 13. 105th Motorized ...
In January 1995 all Corps operational Groups were transformed into divisions and each division contained numerous brigades, further divided into battalions and detachments and specialized units. 1. 12th Division 101st Mountain Brigade, HQ Sarajevo-Mojmilo 102nd Motorized Brigade, HQ Sarajevo-Stup 105th motorized Brigade, HQ Sarajevo-Kosevo 111th Vitezka Motorized Brigade, HQ Sarajevo-Zuc Hill 112th Vitezka Motorized Brigade, HQ Sarajevo-Rajlovac 115th Mountain Brigade, HQ Sarajevo-Bistrik 124th
- Operational zones
The 2nd Corps was one of five, later seven corps in the Army of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina established in early 1992.
Just like the 1st Corps, the 2nd Corps was established early in 1992. This corps along with the 5th Corps had more success than the other Corps.
The 2nd Corps was responsible for the following districts: Tuzla, Doboj, Bijeljina, Srebrenica, Žepa, Zvornik.
- General Željko Knez, Brigadier General Hazim Šadić, Brigadier Sead Delić
- 49.972 (1992), 67.035 (1995)
- Hazim Šadić
- 5th Corps command
The 5th Corps was one of seven corps of the Army of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The formation was around the Bihać pocket to protect it against the surrounding Serb forces. The Fifth Corps also fought secessional Muslim forces loyal to Fikret Abdić, who was cooperating with Serb forces. In the last military action of the ARBIH, Operation Sana, the corps defeated Abdić's supporters and brought a number of regions of Bosnia and Herzegovina under government control.
The ministry of military affairs passed the order for the formation of the Fifth Corps of the ARBIH on September 29, 1992 and the final approval by the presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina on October 21, 1992. In the formation of the 5th Corps there have been the de-formation of the Unsko-sanski Operative Group and the Territorial Defense of Bihać.
Major Hajrudin Osmanagić was given control, but he was eliminated before he took the post and Captain First class Ramiz Dreković took control as commander of the Fifth Corps, thus becoming first commander of the Fifth Corps. After him, Brigadier General Atif Dudaković became commander of the Fifth Corps. He had the most impact of all the generals of the corps. 1. Corps Staff: 28 officers, 2 under-officers, 42 soldiers 2. 1st Commander: Captain I Class Ramiz Dreković - from forming to 1 ...
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