South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (ROK), is a country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula, and sharing a land border with North Korea. About 25 million people, around half of the country's population of 51 million, live in the Seoul Capital Area.
Sooth Korea is a global leader in the industrial an technological sectors, bein the warld's 5t lairgest exporter an 8t lairgest importer. Its export-driven economy primarily focuses production on electronics, automobiles, ships, machinery, petrochemicals an robotics.
- Politics and Government
- Science and Technology
- Cities and Provinces
- Further Reading
South Korea's history began with Dangunwanggeom's Gojoseon. Gojoseon was conquered by Han China. After Gojoseon collapsed, there were a lot of countries such as Buyeo, Okjeo, Dongyae and Samhan. But Baekje, Goguryeo and Silla were the strongest. So their period began, and it is called the Three Kingdoms Period. Goguryeo and Baekje were conquered by Silla and Dang China's allied forces, and Silla unified the three kingdoms. There was another country, Balhae. Balhae was founded by Dae Jo-Young. Later Silla and Balhae's period is called South and North Countries Period. A rebellion in Later Silla caused the birth of a new nation: Goryeo, which was founded by Wanggeon. Mongolia's invaded Goryeo. Near the end of the Goryeo period, there was a great general Lee Seong-Gye. The king of Goryeo directed him to occupy Yodong, but he opposed. However, Lee Seong-Gye went to Yodong to occupy it, but he returned to Goryeo and he revolted. His revolt succeeded, and he founded the country Joseon. Jo...
South Korea is in East Asia, bordering North Korea, and is surrounded by water on three sides, as it makes up the southern part of the Korean peninsula. It is separated from Japan by the Sea of Japan (known as East Sea by the South Koreans). South Korea is mainly mountainous, and there are many islands off the south coast. The capital city, Seoul, is quite close to the North Korean border. The largest island is Jeju Island and the highest mountain is Hallasan, on Jeju. The country is slightly smaller than Iceland and Virginia.
South Korea is a democracy, meaning that people can vote for their government. However, this is recent. South Korea was an authoritarian dictatorship for most of its history. The President of South Korea is elected to a five-year term, and cannot stand in a Presidential Election for a second time. The current president is Moon Jae-in since 10 May 2017. The previous president, Park Geun-hye, was impeached for corruption.
South Korea known for a lot of technology. This includes the car-makers Hyundai and Kia. The well-known global brand Samsung, which makes mobile phones, semi-conductors and electric devices, is also South Korean.
South Korea has been affected by both continental culture and marine culture because it is located on a peninsula. Ancient South Korean culture has developed with the culture of Siberia, the northern part of Central Asia, the southern part of Southeast Asia and neighboring countries like China.
South Korea has 1 special city (Teukbyeolsi; 특별시; 特別市), 1 special self-governing city (Teukbyeol-Jachisi; 특별자치시; 特別自治市) 6 metropolitan cities (Gwangyeoksi; 광역시; 廣域市), and 9 provinces (do; 도; 道). The names below are given in English, Revised Romanization, Hangeul, and Hanja.Breen, Michael (2004). The Koreans: Who They Are, What They Want, Where Their Future Lies, St. Martin's Griffin. ISBN 0312326092.Cumings, Bruce (1997). Korea's place in the sun, New York: W.W. Norton. ISBN 0-393-31681-5.Hart, Dennis (2003). From Tradition to Consumption: Constructing a Capitalist Culture in South Korea. ISBN 89-88095-44-8.Hawley, Samuel (2005). The Imjin War. Japan's Sixteenth-Century Invasion of Korea and Attempt to Conquer China, The Royal Asiatic Society. ISBN 89-954424-2-5.
The history of South Korea formally begins with the Japanese surrender on September 2, 1945. Noting that, South Korea and North Korea are entirely different countries, despite still being the same people and on the same peninsula. Korea was administratively partitioned in 1945, at the end of World War II.
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- Public information
- Lifting of restrictions
The COVID-19 pandemic in South Korea is part of the worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. The first case in South Korea was announced on 20 January 2020. The number of confirmed cases increased on 19 February by 20, and on 20 February by 58 or 70, giving a total of 346 confirmed cases on 21 February 2020, according to the Korea Disease Control and Prevention Agency, with the sudden jump mostly attributed to "Patient 31" who part
Map of special cities & municipals with confirmed or suspected coronavirus cases: Confirmed cases reported Suspected cases reported 14 days no confirmed cases Confirmed cases per million residents by province or city Number of confirmed cases by province or special city During the first four weeks, South Korea controlled the potential spread of COVID-19 by using high-tech resources like tracking the use of credit cards and checking CCTV footage of confirmed patients. However, since 18 February,
The South Korean government is providing citizens with information in Korean, English, Chinese, and Japanese on how to not become infected and how to prevent spreading the disease. This includes information on cough etiquette, when and how to wear a face mask, and the importance of physical distancing and staying at home. The South Korean government has also been sending daily emergency notifications detailing information on locations with reported infections, and other status updates related to
In its efforts to fight and contain the virus, South Korea has combined testing with contact tracing. Infected South Koreans are required to go into isolation in government shelters. Their phones and credit card data are used to trace their prior movements and find their contacts. People who are determined to have been near the infected individual receive phone alerts with information about their prior movements. According to Chun Byung-Chul high-risk patients who have underlying illnesses are p
There was no general lockdown of businesses in South Korea with supermarkets and other retailers remaining open. Kindergartens, schools, universities, cinemas, gyms were closed soon after the outbreak with schools and universities having online classes. As of 18 April 2020, South Korea detected only single-digit numbers of new cases a day. Pre-season baseball was scheduled to start 20 April, without fans in the stands, with the regular season to start in early May. It will be the second country
Provinces are one of the first-level divisions within South Korea. There are 9 provinces in South Korea: North Chungcheong, South Chungcheong, Gangwon, Gyeonggi, North Gyeongsang, South Gyeongsang, North Jeolla, South Jeolla, and Jeju Special Self-Governing Province.
Although the details of local administration have changed dramatically over time, the basic outline of the current three-tiered system was implemented under the reign of Gojong in 1895. A similar system also remains in use in North Korea.
Provinces are the highest-ranked administrative divisions in South Korea, which follows the East Asian tradition name Circuit. Along with the common provinces, there are four types of special administrative divisions with equal status: special self-governing province, special city, metropolitan city, and special self-governing city. A special self-governing province is a province with more autonomy over its economy and more powers are given to the provincial government. Jeju is the only special
Governors for the provinces and mayors for the special/metropolitan cities are elected every four years. Current governors and mayors are listed at List of governors of South Korea.
- Health insurance system
- Issues with mental healthcare
While South Korea has a universal healthcare system, a significant portion of healthcare is privately funded.
After the Korean War ended in 1953, South Korea's medical infrastructure and healthcare system needed attention. To help Korea get back on its feet, the University of Minnesota and Seoul National University launched the Minnesota Project from 1955 to 1961. This project familiarized South Korean health professionals to medical methodology and cultivated a new wave of health leaders. It also increased public knowledge of proper sanitation and organized hospitals by department. Due to the success i
South Korea had the OECD's highest colorectal cancer survival rate at 72.8%, significantly ahead of Denmark's 55.5% or the UK's 54.5%. It ranked second in cervical cancer survival rate at 76.8%, significantly ahead of Germany's 64.5% or the U.S. at 62.2%. Hemorrhagic stroke 30 day in-hospital mortality per 100 hospital discharges was the OECD's third lowest at 13.7 deaths, which was almost half the amount as the U.S. at 22.3 or France's 24 deaths. For Ischemic stroke, it ranked second at 3.4 dea
Social health insurance was introduced with the 1977 National Health Insurance Act, which provided industrial workers in large corporations with health insurance. The program was expanded in 1979 to include other workers, such as government employees and private teachers. This program was thereafter progressively rolled out to the general public, finally achieving universal coverage in 1989. Despite being able to achieve universal health care, this program resulted in more equity issues within s
The number of hospital beds per 1000 population is 10, well above the OECD countries' average of 5. According to Mark Britnell hospitals dominate the health system. 94% of hospitals are privately owned. 30 of the 43 tertiary hospitals are run by private universities. 10 more are run by publicly owned universities. Payment is made on a fee-for-service basis. There is no direct government subsidy for hospitals. This encourages hospitals to expand and discourages community services. The Korea Inter
Suicide is a serious and widespread problem and South Korea has ranked poorly on world happiness reports for a high-income state, with issues relating to mental health prevalent throughout the country. Although the country has state-funded mental health services, the majority of which are inpatient hospital facilities, they are largely underfunded and underutilized. Public spending on mental healthcare remains low, at 3%, most of which goes to inpatient mental hospitals despite the fact that mos
- Foreign influences
- Traditional culture
The contemporary culture of South Korea developed from the traditional culture of Korea which was prevalent in the early Korean nomadic tribes. By maintaining thousands of years of ancient Korean culture, with influence from ancient Chinese culture, South Korea split on its own path of cultural development away from North Korean culture since the division of Korea in 1948. The industrialization, urbanization and westernization of South Korea, especially Seoul, have brought many changes to the wa
Prior to the 20th century, Korean literature was influenced by Classical Chinese literature. Chinese calligraphy was also extensively used by Koreans for over one thousand years in Korean literature. Modern literature is often linked with the development of Hangul, which was created by the fourth emperor of the Joseon Dynasty, King Sejong the Great, in the Hunminjeongeum.The publication of the Korean alphabet in 1443 was a surprise to many as there are no records of King Sejong working on it, co
South Korea has 10 main newspapers and 3 main broadcasters. Top three daily newspapers are Chosun Ilbo, Joongang Ilbo, and Donga Ilbo. The Hankyoreh is a left-leaning newspaper. KBS, MBC, and SBS are the main TV channels. Also, there is EBS for student and adult education.
South Korea has historically been influenced by China, and in recent years by the Western world, particularly the United States. The influence of Western culture and rapid modernization has changed peoples' eating habits as well; many people now enjoy Western and other Asian foods in addition to traditional Korean food. Pizza is one of the favorite foreign foods among South Koreans, though it tends to differ from the pizza served in the west, often featuring corn, sweet potato, mayonnaise, bulgo
Pansori is a traditional musical art form within Korea that dates back to the Joseon Dynasty, "pan" meaning an open space where individuals come to gather and "sori" meaning sound. Pansori performances consist of a singer and a drummer, the singer telling the story using special
An estimated 98% of South Koreans own mobile phones and use them not only for calling and messaging but also for watching live TV, viewing websites and keeping track of their online gaming statuses. South Korean corporations Samsung and LG are two of the largest cell phone compan
- Provincial Level diveesions
- See An Aa
A "do" (도, 道) is equivalent tae a province an ane o the primary diveesions o the kintra, alang wi "teukbyeolsi" (특별시) an "gwangyeoksi (광역시)". Sooth Korea haes 8 provinces an ane special sel-govrenin province (teukbyeol jachido; 특별 자치도; 特別自治道). Ilka province is subdividit intae ceeties ("si") an coonties ("gun").
Gwangyeoksi (광역시; 廣域市), or "metropolitan cities", are major ceeties that are no pairt o ony province, but exist independently an are sel-govrened. Thay are comparable tae Cheenae's direct-controlled municipalities or even Breetish metropolitan coonties. Sooth Korea haes 6 metropolitan ceeties wi provincial status. Ilka Metropolitan Ceety are dividit intae wards ("gu") an ootlyin coonties ("gun") comparable tae Breetish non-metropolitan coonties.
A "teukbyeolsi" (특별시; 特別市) is ane o the primary diveesions o the kintra, alang wi gwangyeoksi an do.Sooth Korea haes anerlie ane special ceety. Seoul is dividit intae destricts ("gu").
Awtho the details o local admeenistration hae chynged dramatically ower time, the basic ootline o the current three-tiered seestem wis implementit unner the reign o Gojong in 1895. A seemilar seestem an aa remains in uise in North Korea.