Streptococcal pharyngitis, also known as strep throat, is an infection of the back of the throat including the tonsils caused by group A streptococcus (GAS). Common symptoms include fever , sore throat , red tonsils, and enlarged lymph nodes in the neck. 
In addition to streptococcal pharyngitis (strep throat), certain Streptococcus species are responsible for many cases of pink eye, meningitis, bacterial pneumonia, endocarditis, erysipelas, and necrotizing fasciitis (the 'flesh-eating' bacterial infections).
Strepsils is a line of throat lozenges used to relieve discomfort caused by mouth and throat infections. The brand was originally introduced as a mouthwash in 1950.. Strepsils is manufactured by Reckitt Benckiser and is one of the Boots Healthcare International brands that Reckitt Benckiser acquired in 2006.
- 1958; 62 years ago
- Reckitt Benckiser
Peak in 5-15yr oldRare in <2yr of ageAccounts for only 15-30% of pharyngitisCaused by S. pyogenes(Group A strep)
- Clinical Features
- Differential Diagnosis
Rapid Antigen Detection Test Algorithm for Acute Pharyngitis
Diagnostic testing or empiric treatment of asymptomatic household contacts of patients with acute streptococcal pharyngitis is not routinely recommended
Treatment can be delayed for up to 9 days and still prevent major sequelae PenicillinOptions: 1. Penicillin V250mg PO BID x 10d (child) or 500mg BID x 10d (adolescent or adult) 2. Bicillin L-A<27 kg: 0.6 million units; ≥27 kg: 1.2 million units IM x 1 Penicillinallergic (mild): 1. Cefuroxime10mg/kg PO QID x 10d (child) or 250mg PO BID x 4d Penicillinallergic (anaphylaxis): 1. Clindamycin7.5mg/kg PO QID x 10d (child) or 450mg PO TID x 10d OR 2. Azithromycin12mg/kg QD (child) or 500mg on day 1;...
1. Consider single dose of dexamethasone0.6mg/kg PO (Max = 10mg)
The throat contains various blood vessels, pharyngeal muscles, the nasopharyngeal tonsil, the tonsils, the palatine uvula, the trachea, the esophagus, and the vocal cords. Mammal throats consist of two bones, the hyoid bone and the clavicle. The "throat" is sometimes thought to be synonymous for the fauces.
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- Risk Factors
Strep throat is a bacterial infection that can make your throat feel sore and scratchy. Strep throat accounts for only a small portion of sore throats.If untreated, strep throat can cause complications, such as kidney inflammation or rheumatic fever. Rheumatic fever can lead to painful and inflamed joints, a specific type of rash, or heart valve damage.Strep throat is most common in children, but it affects people of all ages. If you or your child has signs or symptoms of strep throat, see yo...
Signs and symptoms of strep throat can include: 1. Throat pain that usually comes on quickly 2. Painful swallowing 3. Red and swollen tonsils, sometimes with white patches or streaks of pus 4. Tiny red spots on the area at the back of the roof of the mouth (soft or hard palate) 5. Swollen, tender lymph nodes in your neck 6. Fever 7. Headache 8. Rash 9. Nausea or vomiting, especially in younger children 10. Body achesIt's possible for you or your child to have many of these signs and symptoms...
The cause of strep throat is bacteria known as Streptococcus pyogenes, also known as group A streptococcus.Streptococcal bacteria are highly contagious. They can spread through airborne droplets when someone with the infection coughs or sneezes, or through shared food or drinks. You can also pick up the bacteria from a doorknob or other surface and transfer them to your nose, mouth or eyes.
Several factors can increase your risk of strep throat infection: 1. Young age. Strep throat occurs most commonly in children. 2. Time of year. Although strep throat can occur anytime, it tends to circulate in winter and early spring. Strep bacteria flourish wherever groups of people are in close contact.
Although strep throat isn't dangerous, it can lead to serious complications. Antibiotic treatment reduces the risk.
To prevent strep infection: 1. Clean your hands. Proper hand cleaning is the best way to prevent all kinds of infections. That's why it's important to clean your own hands regularly and to teach your children how to clean their hands properly using soap and water or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer. 2. Cover your mouth. Teach your children to cover their mouths when they cough or sneeze. 3. Don't share personal items. Don't share drinking glasses or eating utensils. Wash dishes in hot, soapy w...
Oct 08, 2020 · Strep throat is a disease that causes a sore throat (pharyngitis). It is an infection with a germ called group A streptococcus bacteria.
Strep throat is an infection of the throat and tonsils caused by a bacteria called group A streptococcus , also known as Streptococcus pyogenes. This bacteria lives in the nose and throat. This ...
Aug 30, 2019 · Strep throat is a bacterial infection that causes inflammation and pain in the throat. This common condition is caused by group A Streptococcus bacteria. Strep throat can affect children and ...