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  1. String quartet - Wikipedia › wiki › String_quartet

    The piano quintet is a string quartet with an added piano. The piano quartet is a string quartet with one of the violins replaced by a piano. The clarinet quintet is a string quartet with an added clarinet, such as those by Mozart and Brahms. The string sextet contains two each of violins, violas, and cellos. Brahms, for example, wrote two ...

  2. String quartet - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia › wiki › String_quartet

    A string quartet is a piece of music for four string instruments. A string quartet can also mean the four people who play a piece for four string instruments. The four instruments in a string quartet are almost always 2 violins, 1 viola and 1 cello. The reason that a double bass is not used is that it would sound too loud and heavy. The balance ...

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  4. List of string quartet ensembles - Wikipedia › wiki › List_of_string_quartet

    This is a list of recognized string quartets (i.e. groups of musical performers), current or past, in alphabetical order. It does not include the names of musical quartet compositions.

  5. String Quartet (Elgar) - Wikipedia › wiki › String_Quartet_(Elgar)
    • Overview
    • Structure
    • Background
    • Premiere

    The String Quartet in E minor, Op. 83, was one of three major chamber music works composed by Sir Edward Elgar in 1918. The others were the Violin Sonata in E minor, Op. 82, and the Piano Quintet in A minor, Op. 84. Along with the Cello Concerto in E minor, Op. 85 of 1919, these were to be his last major works prior to his death in 1934.

    The String Quartet lasts for around 25 minutes and is in three movements

    Elgar had written a string quartet much earlier in his career, to which he assigned the opus number 8, but destroyed it. He made several other attempts, which all came to nothing. For example, he put aside work on a quartet to work on his First Symphony. This quartet originated from a request by Carl Fuchs, cellist of the Brodsky Quartet and professor at the Royal Manchester College of Music. In February 1900, Elgar and his wife attended a performance of his Enigma Variations in Manchester, cond

    The String Quartet in E minor was dedicated to the Brodsky Quartet, led by Adolph Brodsky, in honour of the promise Elgar had made years earlier to write a work for them. However, the members of the Brodsky Quartet were now around 70 years of age. The Quartet's public premiere was given by Albert Sammons and W. H. Reed, violins; Raymond Jeremy, viola; and Felix Salmond, cello on 21 May 1919, at the Wigmore Hall, London, the Piano Quintet in A minor also receiving its premiere on this occasion. T

  6. String Quartet (Ravel) - Wikipedia › wiki › String_Quartet_(Ravel)
    • Overview
    • Background
    • Structure
    • Arrangements

    Maurice Ravel completed his String Quartet in F major in early April 1903 at the age of 28. It was premiered in Paris in March the following year. The work follows a four-movement classical structure: the opening movement, in sonata form, presents two themes that occur again later in the work; a playful scherzo second movement is followed by a lyrical slow movement. The finale reintroduces themes from the earlier movements and ends the work vigorously. The quartet's structure is modelled on that

    Ravel attended the Paris Conservatoire, but his unconventional ideas had incurred the displeasure of its ultra-conservative director Théodore Dubois and some other faculty members. His friend and teacher Gabriel Fauré continued to encourage and advise him, and Ravel made continual efforts to win the country's top musical award, the Prix de Rome, in the face of resistance from the Conservatoire regime. By 1904, it was becoming clear to the musical public that Ravel was the outstanding ...

    The movement is in traditional sonata form, based on two contrasting themes. The first, rising and falling through a long arc, is played by all four players at the opening and taken over by the first violin, accompanied by scalar harmonies in the lower instruments. The second the

    Despite the marking "very slow", the third movement has numerous changes of tempo. The viola introduces the first theme, which the first violin then repeats. There are strong thematic links with the first movement, and, in defiance of orthodox rules of harmony, conspicuous use of

    During Ravel's lifetime, Ginette Martenot transcribed the first movement of the quartet for ondes Martenot, gaining the composer's approval. The conductor Rudolf Barshai arranged the whole quartet for small string orchestra in 2003.

    • 1903
    • 5 March 1904
  7. String Quartets (Schoenberg) - Wikipedia › wiki › String_Quartets_(Schoenberg)
    • Overview
    • String Quartet in D major
    • String Quartet No. 1
    • String Quartet No. 2
    • String Quartet No. 3
    • String Quartet No. 4

    In addition to these, he wrote several other works for string quartet which were not published. The most notable was his early String Quartet in D major. There was also a Presto in C major, a Scherzo in F major, and later a Four-part Mirror Canon in A major. Finally, several string quartets exist in fragmentary form. These include String Quartet in F major, String Quartet in D minor, String Quartet in C major, String Quartet Movement, String Quartet, String Quartet in C major and String Quartet

    This string quartet in four movements is Schoenberg's earliest extant work of large scale: average duration of recorded performances is about 27 minutes. Completed in 1897, it was premiered privately on March 17, 1898, and publicly later that same year on December 20 in Vienna. It was published posthumously in 1966. Schoenberg's friend Alexander von Zemlinsky gave him much advice and criticism during the composition of this work. Zemlinsky even showed an early draft of it to Johannes Brahms, who

    A large work consisting of one movement which lasts longer than 45 minutes, Schoenberg's First String Quartet was his first assured masterpiece, and it was the real beginning of his reputation as a composer. Begun in the summer of 1904 and completed in September 1905, this quartet is remarkable for its density and intensity of orchestration with only four instruments. Unlike his later works, this work is tonal, bearing the key of D minor, though it stretches this to its limit with the thoroughly

    The latter two movements of the Second String Quartet are set to poems from Stefan George's collection Der siebente Ring, which was published in 1907.

    Schoenberg's Third String Quartet dates from 1927, after he had worked out the basic principles of his twelve-tone technique. Schoenberg had followed the "fundamental classicistic procedure" by modeling this work on Franz Schubert's String Quartet in A minor, Op. 29, without intending in any way to recall Schubert's composition. There is evidence that Schoenberg regarded his 12-tone sets—independent of rhythm and register—as motivic in the commonly understood sense, and this has been ...

    The Fourth String Quartet of 1936 is very much representative of Schoenberg's late style. The slow movement opens with a long unison recitative in all four instruments while the finale has the character of a march, similar to the last movement of Schoenberg's Violin Concerto written about the same time.

  8. String Quartet (Barber) - Wikipedia › wiki › String_Quartet_(Barber)

    The String Quartet in B minor, Op. 11 was written in 1935–36 by Samuel Barber.Barber arranged the middle movement for string orchestra as his well-known Adagio for Strings in 1936.

  9. String Quartets (Mendelssohn) - Wikipedia › wiki › String_Quartets_(Mendelssohn)

    String Quartet No. 5 in E ♭ major, Op. 44, No. 3 composed in 1838 String Quartet No. 6 in F minor, Op. 80 composed in 1847 He wrote another quartet in E ♭ major at the age of 14, just after he had composed his 13 string symphonies , but this was not published in his lifetime and has never been numbered.

  10. String Quartet No. 14 (Beethoven) - Wikipedia › wiki › String_Quartet_No

    The String Quartet No. 14 in C ♯ minor, Op. 131, was completed by Ludwig van Beethoven in 1826. It is the last-composed of a trio of string quartets, written in the order Opp. 132, 130 (with the Große Fuge ending), 131.

    • Seven
    • Op. 131
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