The Tatars (/ ˈ t ɑː t ər z /; Tatar: татарлар, tatarlar, تاتارلار , Crimean Tatar: tatarlar; Old Turkic: 𐱃𐱃𐰺 , romanized: Tatar) is an umbrella term for different Turkic ethnic groups bearing the name "Tatar".
The name "Tatar" likely originated amongst the nomadic Tatar...
11th century Kara-khanid scholar Mahmud al-Kashgari noted...
- Contemporary groups
The largest Tatar populations are the Volga Tatars, native...
Comparison of the proportions of Caucasoid and Mongoloid...
Tatars are a Turkic ethnic group numbering 6.7 million in the late 20th century, including all subgroups of Tatars, such as Volga Tatars, Lipka Tatars and Crimean Tatars. Russia is home to the majority of ethnic Tatars, with a population of around 5,500,000.
People also ask
What is the ethnicity of Tatars?
Who are lipka tatars?
Do tatars speak russian?
Where is Lipka Tatars?
Tatars From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Tatars refer to a number of Turkic -speaking peoples, which include (but are not limited to) the Volga Tatars, Lipka Tatars, Siberian Tatars, and the Crimean Tatars.
The Crimean Tatars are subdivided into three sub-ethnic groups: the Tats (not to be confused with the Iranic Tat people, living in the Caucasus region) who used to inhabit the mountainous Crimea before 1944 predominantly are Cumans, Greeks, Goths and other people, as Tats in Crimea also were called Hellenic Urum people (Greeks settled in Crimea) who were deported by the Imperial Russia to the ...
- no exact data. According to various estimates from at least 150,000 to 6,000,000
- 2,449 (excl. Crimea)
- 30,000–60,000 (excl. Crimea)
- Early 20th century to WWII
- Developments Post-WWII
Tatars of Romania or Dobrujan Tatars, are a Turkic ethnic group, have been present in Romania since the 13th century. According to the 2011 census, 20,282 people declared their nationality as Tatar, most of them being of Crimean Tatar extraction and living in Constanţa County. They are the main component of the Muslim community in Romania.
The roots of the Crimean Tatar community in Romania began with the Cuman migration in the 10th century. Even before the Cumans arrived, other Turkic people like the Huns and the Bulgars settled in this region. The Tatars first reached the mouths of the Danube in the mid-13th cent
Toward the end of the 16th century, about 30,000 Nogai Tatars from the Budjak were brought to Dobruja. After the Russian annexation of Crimea in 1783 Crimean Tatars began emigrating to the Ottoman coastal provinces of Dobruja. Once in Dobruja most settled in the areas surrounding
From 1783 to 1853 tens of thousands of Crimean Tatars and Nogais emigrated to the Rusçuk region which subsequently became known as "Little Tartary". Following the Russian conquest of 1812, Nogais from Bucak also immigrated to Dobruja. Tatars who settled in Dobruja before ...
A unique Crimean Tatar national identity in Dobruja began to emerge in the last quarter of the 19th century. When Ismail Gasprinski, considered by many to be the father of Crimean Tatar nationalism, visited Köstence in 1895 he discovered his newspaper Tercüman was already in wide circulation. However, it was the poet Mehmet Niyazi who is most credited with spreading nationalist ideas among the Tatars of Dobruja. In the wake of the fall of the Crimean Tatar government, Dobruja became the ...
In 1940 Southern Dobruja was given to Bulgaria and by 1977 an estimated number of 23,000 Tatars were living in Romania. According to Nermin Eren that number increased to around 40,000 by the 1990s. In 2005 The Democratic Union of Turkish-Muslim Tatars of Romania claimed that there are 50,000 Tatars in Romania, believing the census estimate is artificially low because most Tatars identified themselves as Turks. Nermin Eren also estimated the number of Tatars in Bulgaria to be around 20,000 in 199
Crimean Tatars were brought to Dobruja by the Ottomans following the increasing power of the Russians in the region and its annexation of Crimea in 1783. However, after the independence of Romania in 1877-1878, between 80,000 and 100,000 Crimean Tatars moved to Anatolia, a migrat
The Nogai component of the Tatar population are not separately enumerated in Romanian censuses. Most have emigrated to Turkey but it is estimated that a few thousand Nogais still live in Dobruja, notably in the town of Mihail Kogălniceanu and villages of Lumina, Valea ...
The Tobol-Irtysh Tatars group is the most numerous out of all 3 groups of Siberian Tatars. They live in the Tyumen, Kurgan and Omsk Oblasts. The sub-groups are: Zabolotnie (Yaskolbinsk), Tobol, Kurdak-Sargat, Tara, Tyumen-Turin. Baraba Tatars
- 6,779 (2010 census)
The Tatars are the oldest Muslim minority in Finland and in the Nordic countries and operate the Finnish Islamic Congregation, the oldest state-recognised Muslim congregation in the Western world. [vague] Finnish Tatars (mainly Mishar Tatars) have their historical origins in Eastern Europe and their language belongs to the Turkic language family.
- Present status
- Famous Lipka Tatar descendants
The Lipka Tatars are a group of Tatars who originally settled in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania at the beginning of the 14th century. The first settlers tried to preserve their shamanistic religion and sought asylum amongst the non-Christian Lithuanians. Towards the end of the 14th century, another wave of Tatars – this time, Muslims, were invited into the Grand Duchy by Vytautas the Great. These Tatars first settled in Lithuania proper around Vilnius, Trakai, Hrodna and Kaunas and later...
The name Lipka is derived from the old Crimean Tatar name of Lithuania. The record of the name Lipka in Oriental sources permits us to infer an original Libķa/Lipķa, from which the Polish derivative Lipka was formed, with possible contamination from contact with the Polish lipka "small lime-tree"; this etymology was suggested by the Tatar author S. Tuhan-Baranowski. A less frequent Polish form, Łubka, is corroborated in Łubka/Łupka, the Crimean Tatar name of the Lipkas up to the end of ...
The migration of Tatars into the lands of Lithuania and Poland from Golden Horde began during the 14th century and lasted until the end of the 17th. There was a subsequent wave of Tatar immigrants from Russia after the October Revolution of 1917, although these consisted mostly of political and national activists. According to some estimates, by 1590–1591 there were about 200,000 Lipka Tatars living in the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth and about 400 mosques serving them. According to ...
Today there are about 10,000–15,000 Lipka Tatars in the former areas of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. The majority of descendants of Tatar families in Poland can trace their descent from the nobles of the early Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. Lipka Tatars had settlements in north-east Poland, Belarus, Lithuania, south-east Latvia and Ukraine. Today most reside in Poland, Lithuania, and Belarus. Most of the Lipka Tatars assimilated into the ranks of the nobility in the Polish ...
Two distantly related members of the Abakanowicz family 1. Bruno Abakanowicz – mathematician, inventor and electrical engineer 2. Magdalena Abakanowicz – Polish artist whose family is of distant Tatar origin
- 7,300 (2009 census)
- 1,916 (2011 census)
- 2,800 (2011 census) – 3,200
The Crimean Tatars controlled the Crimean Khanate from 1441 to 1783, when Crimea was annexed by the Russian Empire as a target of Russian expansion.By the 14th century, most of the Turkic-speaking population of Crimea had adopted Islam, following the conversion of Ozbeg Khan of the Golden Horde.