Vegetarianism is the practice of abstaining from the consumption of meat (red meat, poultry, seafood, and the flesh of any other animal), and may also include abstention from by-products of animal slaughter. Vegetarianism may be adopted for various reasons. Many people object to eating meat out of respect for sentient life.
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia What is Vegetarianism? is a 1886 pamphlet written by John E. B. Mayor on vegetarianism.
- United States
- John E. B. Mayor
From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Vegetarian restaurant in Johor, Malaysia. Vegetarianism is the practice of not eating meat or fish. People who follow vegetarianism are called vegetarians.
The earliest records of vegetarianism as a concept and practice amongst a significant number of people are from ancient India, especially among the Hindus and Jains. Later records indicate that small groups within the ancient Greek civilizations in southern Italy and Greece also adopted some dietary habits similar to vegetarianism.
Veganism Examples of vegan dishes. Clockwise from top-left: seitan pizza; roasted sprouts, tofu, and pasta; cocoa and avocado brownies; leek and bean cassoulet with dumplings Pronunciation Veganism / ˈ v iː ɡ ən ɪ z əm / VEE -gə-niz-əm Vegan VEE -gən [a] Description Elimination of the use of animal products, particularly in diet Earliest proponents Al-Ma'arri (c. 973 – c. 1057) [b ...
Taoist vegetarians also tend to abstain from alcohol and pungent vegetables such as garlic and onions during lenten days. Non-vegetarian Taoists sometimes abstain from beef and water buffalo meat for many cultural reasons. Vegetarianism in the Taoist tradition is similar to that of Lent in the Christian tradition.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia A vegetarian thali from Rajasthan, India. Since many Indian religions promote vegetarianism, Indian cuisine offers a wide variety of vegetarian delicacies. Buddhist influenced Korean vegetarian side dishes.
1842 - „To tell a healthy vegetarian that his diet is very uncongenial with the wants of his nature.” (rom. A spune unui vegetarian sănătos că dieta sa nu este de același fel cu nevoile naturii sale.) — Healthian; Dar mai susține că folosirea termenului se datorează fondării societății la Ramsgate în 1847.
- Types of Vegetarianism
- Religious Vegetarianism
- Medical Vegetarianism
- Ethical Vegetarianism
- Opposition to Vegetarianism
- Vegetarianism Around The World
- "Pure" Vegetarianism Not Possible
- The Myth of Protein Deficiency
- See Also
Vegetarian diets can be broken down in several ways, the most common being by allowed foods and reasons for vegetarianism.
Many religions impose dietary restrictions on some or all of their believers, the most notable forms in the west being Kashrut in Judaism, Halal in Islam, and Lent abstinent restrictions in Catholicism and Eastern Orthodox Christianity; the strictest of the "Abrahamic" restrictions is in Oriental Orthodox Christianity (chiefly the Coptic and Ethiopian Orthodox Churches), where during the extensive fasting season (they go way, way beyond Lent), the Oriental Orthodox are supposed to be vegan (although in one of the world's greatest pleasant surprises, this resulted in the creation of falafel, which people will eat even if they don't have to). Some more modern Christian sects (Seventh-day Adventism in particular), otherwise divorced from Catholic or Orthodox restrictions, prescribe flexitarian or vegetarian diets for their followers as well. In eastern religions, Hinduism traditionally prescribes different diets for different castes, with the highest castes (as well as many adherents o...
Vegetarianism is sometimes engaged in for medical reasons, especially in situations where meat is not well-tolerated by the patient, or where the patient is trying to lower his or her cholesterol. Cutting out red meat in particular is known to reduce chances of cardiovascular disease, obesity and bowel cancer. Vegetarianism also, obviously, eliminates the risk of contracting meat-borne illnesses such as mad cow disease. However, medical vegetarianism is too often the province of quacks. Many alternative medicine practitioners have recommended vegetarian diets for many of their patients; Martin Gardner discussed the matter at some length in chapter 18 of his seminal Fads and Fallacies in the Name of Science. A great deal of propagandagoes along with alternate vegetarianism; Gardner wrote of some vegetarian activists of the 1950s talking about the phantom threat of "necrones" (a never-defined alleged property of meat), while others have selectively interpreted features of the omnivoro...
The ethical school of vegetarianism largely comes from two viewpoints, one that raising and eating animals for food is inherently cruel, and another that it is wasteful and taxing on the environment.
Long story short, many people enjoy eating meat and don't want to give it up. There are Vegetarians and Vegans which view Vegetarianism and Veganism as something which makes them superior to regular omnivores. Vegetarianism in the 21st century is largely mainstream in Hindu and Buddhist countries (even if meat consumption is on the rise), but in much of the Westernized world is still looked on as somewhat odd and closely associated in many minds with a politically liberal mindset. Furthermore, many advocates of a vegetarian diet lean towards fundamentalism (nutritional and often political) and often invoke discredited nutritional arguments based on spiritualism, vitalism, and other altieprinciples, turning off non-vegetarians who perceive such people to be arrogant and overbearing. Many restaurants do not make any special effort to cater to vegetarian customers, sometimes even using animal-derived products such as chicken stock to cook otherwise vegetarian dishes. For some strange r...
Depending on the definition of vegetarianism and the nature of the survey, it seems that between 7-12% of the UKpopulation follows some sort of vegetarian diet. Vegetarianism (often for religious reasons, especially for the upper Hindu castes in India and many Buddhists) is mainstream in much of Asia, particularly in Hindu and Buddhist countries. India is one of several countries with strict product labeling laws allowing shoppers to easily find vegetarian products on store shelves, and many Buddhist monks live by a very strict vegetarian diet (the macrobiotic diet is based loosely on Japanesevegetarian cuisine, which has roots in Buddhism). Jainists eat a strict vegetarian diet based on the belief that virtually all harm to living things is unacceptable; whether this extends to fruitarianism depends on the individual believer. Muslims around the world are divided on the permissibility of vegetarian diets; while many feel that a vegetarian diet is inherently halal, others feel that...
As there are insectsand insect fragments, or rodent hairs in most vegetables, fruits and grains, no vegetarian can entirely avoid consuming animal products. For example, these are the levels of various animal products permitted by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, an acknowledgment that a certain level of this stuff is unavoidable: Few vegetarians lose much sleep over this, since most do not classify insects, feces, or hair as "animals." Vegans might be a different matter, depending on their stance regarding eating insects, but even most vegans are unlikely to hold themselves at fault for unintentionally consuming fragments of animal matter. After all, no one can avoid accidentally ingesting dead tissues from the tongue, mouth, throat, and sinuses in a subtle and unavoidable form of what can strictly be considered self-cannibalism.
The very first marketed dietary supplement was a protein supplement, Liebig's Extract of Meat, which was introduced in the 1860s. Today, many marketers tout the protein content of the foods and supplements they promote. The protein content of meat, dairy products, fish and eggs is used as a selling point, even though people who eat no animal foods at all are not at risk for protein deficiency. By the early 20th century, it was obvious to nutrition researchers that protein deficiency was not a problem for human beings who were eating enough food to get enough calories. As William Maddock Bayliss explained in 1917, "Take care of the calories and the protein will take care of itself." This conclusion was reinforced by the mid 1950s, when a research effort led by William Cummings Rose finished identifying all of the essential amino acids and quantified the human nutritional requirements for each one. Rose's team found that any of the common staple foods (e.g., corn, wheat, sweet potatoe...
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