Regions first came to existence on September 24, 1972, when the provinces of the Philippines were organized into eleven regions under Presidential Decree No. 1 as part of the Integrated Reorganization Plan of the former President Ferdinand Marcos.
§ Sources The Philippines is subdivided into seventeen (17) regions – eight (8) in Luzon, three (3) in the Visayas, and six (6) in Mindanao. These regions are not local government units but their existence is primarily for administrative purposes.RegionPopulation (2015)Province countCity countIlocos Region (Region I)5,026,12849Cagayan Valley (Region II)3,451,41054Central Luzon (Region III)11,218,177714CALABARZON (Region IV-A)14,414,774519
The Republic of the Philippines is divided into a total of 81 provinces. The country has an area of 300,000 square kilometers (115,831 miles). It counts with a string of over 7,100 islands in southeastern Asia, precisely between the South China Sea and the Pacific Ocean. Each province is divided into cities and municipalities.
- National Capital Region
- Cordillera Administrative Region
- Ilocos Region
- Cagayan Valley
- Central Luzon
- Bicol Region
- Western Visayas
- Central Visayas
Most international visitors fly to Manila through the Ninoy Aquino International Airport located along the boundary between Pasay City and Parañaque City. Those who opt for sea travel may also enter the region through the Manila Seaport which is also the chief seaport in the country. Metro Manila is the busiest region in the Philippines; there is no shortage of accommodations, restaurants, shopping centers and entertainment venues for both residents and visitors. It is a cornucopia of different cultures, traditions and culinary delights so there is no distinct specialty in the region. Key attractions: 1. Intramuros 2. Luneta Park 3. Binondo (Manila Chinatown) 4. SM Mall of Asia 5. Manila Bay
Centered on the Cordillera Mountain range of Central Luzon, the Cordillera Administrative Region is the only land-locked region in the Philippines. It is composed mainly of highlands which are inhabited by indigenous tribes like the Ifugaos, Ibalois and Kalingans. Baguio City is the busiest part of the region; it is the main tourist hub and commercial center with numerous attractions and businesses. Temperatures in the region are a few degrees colder than Metro Manila, making it an ideal escape from the heat especially during the summer season. In fact, Baguio City is recognized as the Summer Capital of the Philippines. The mild weather in the region is also conducive for growing strawberries for which Baguio City is famous. Other products include peanut brittle, ube jam and sundot kulangot, a sweet snack made from glutinous rice. Key attractions: 1. Camp John Hay 2. Mansion House 3. Banaue Rice Terraces 4. Panagbenga Festival (February)
Located on the northwestern coast of Luzon, the Ilocos Region faces the South China Sea to its west and the Cordilleras to its east. It has four provinces: Pangasinan, La Union, Ilocos Sur and Ilocos Norte. Ilocos is known has the home of the affluent Marcoses whose patriarch became the only dictator President of the Philippines. Much attention has been brought to the Ilocos Region due to the recent efforts of the Tourism Department to promote its natural and manmade attractions. The Ilocos Region is largely historical and it also features stunning beaches and wonderful food. It is home to the Pagudpud Beaches which are some of the best in the country. Surfing is also a popular pursuit in the southern towns in La Union. And one must never leave the region without tasting bagnet (deep fried pork), longganisa (sausage), empanada (stuffed pastry) and pinakbet (stir-fried vegetables). Key Attractions: 1. Vigan City (UNESCO World Heritage Site) 2. Bangui Windmills 3. La Paz Sand Dunes 4....
Situated between the Sierra Madre and Cordillera Mountain Ranges, the Cagayan Valley is considered as the largest region in the Philippines. Its area includes the northernmost islands of Batanes and Babuyan. Cagayan River, the longest in the Philippines, runs through the center of the region and empties into the Luzon Strait. Cagayan Valley is agricultural and the coastal towns are involved in fisheries. The region claims to be the Tilapia Capital of the Philippines, with production growing in huge proportions in recent years. Key Attractions: 1. Callao Cave 2. Lighthouses of Batanes 3. Magat Dam Tourist Complex
Central Luzon sits on vast plains mainly used for agriculture, particularly rice production which has earned it the nickname “Rice Bowl of the Philippines”. It spans the entire central area of Luzon with the South China Sea to its west, the Philippine Sea to its east. San Fernando City is the regional center located in the province of Pampanga which is known as the Culinary Capital of the Philippines. This means that a journey to Central Luzon can be a gastronomic experience; it is common knowledge that the people of Pampanga are excellent cooks. Key Attractions: 1. Subic Bay Freeport Zone 2. Mt. Arayat 3. The historical town of Baler 4. Corregidor 5. Sea Turtles of Morong 6. Barasoain Chuch
The name is actually an acronym for the provinces in the region: Cavite, Laguna, Batangas, Rizal and Quezon. It is also known as Southern Tagalog Mainland. The region is mainly known as the seat of the revolution against the Spanish in the 19th century and a number of historical buildings and landmarks that speak of its tumultuous past. Different attractions are featured in different provinces in the region. Cavite has plenty of historical attractions while Batangas has a lot to offer when it comes to natural wonders. Laguna also has some attractions but it is known more as the producers of the delectable buko pie (much like the apple pie but with coconut meat instead of apple). Key Attractions: 1. Tagaytay City 2. Taal Lake and Taal Volcano 3. Anilao, Batangas (diving) 4. Rizal Shrine in Calamba, Laguna 5. Aguinaldo Shrine in Kawit, Cavite 6. Pahiyas Festival in Lucban 7. Enchanted Kingdom Theme Park
The region is composed of five provinces: Oriental Mindoro, Occidental Mindoro, Marinduque, Romblon and Palawan. The name is actually a portmanteau of the provinces’ names and the region is also known as the Southern Tagalog Islands. MIMAROPA is perhaps one of the most visited regions of the Philippines due to its archipelagic features. The region is a treasure chest of natural attractions and ecotourism venues, with the Puerto Princesa Underground River topping the list. MIMAROPA is home to pristine beaches, challenging peaks and excellent dive sites. Key attractions: 1. Puerto Galera 2. El Nido, Palawan 3. Coron, Palawan 4. Dive sites in Romblon 5. Tres Reyes Marine Sanctuary in Marinduque 6. Moriones Festival in Marunduque 7. Tubbataha and Apo Reefs
Collectively called Bicolandia, the region is located on the southeastern end of Luzon. It has six provinces: Masbate, Catanduanes, Sorsogon, Camarines Sur, Camarines Norte and Albay. Bicol is home to a good number of volcanoes both active and dormant which results to a lot of natural attractions like crater lakes and hot springs. The people of Bicol are known for their spicy cuisine with chili ice cream being one of their latest most popular innovations. Key Attractions: 1. Mt. Mayon 2. The whale sharks of Donsol, Sorsogon 3. CamSur Watersports Complex 4. The beaches of Camarines Norte and Catanduanes
Western Visayas is another one of the most visited regions in the Philippines owed mainly to the world-famous Boracay Island. But the region is more than just the home of Boracay, it also features many other natural wonders and progressive cities. Due to the large volume of tourists visiting the region, Western Visayas is served by three international airports and four domestic airports. There are also sea vessels that carry tourists to the port of Iloilo City, the regional center. Key Attractions: 1. White Beach, Boracay 2. Masskara Festival in Bacolod 3. Ledesma Ruins, Talisay 4. Dinagyang Festival of Ilo-ilo City
Central Visayas has three main islands: Cebu, Bohol and the western half of Negros (Negros Oriental), and there’s the small island of Siquijor. The regional center is Cebu City which also known as the Queen City of the South. Central Visayas is known as the seat of the Catholic faith in the Philippines and is also the site of the first documented battle against the conquistadors. Explorer Ferdinand Magellan met his demise near the waters of Mactan, Cebu. The region is accessed through the Mactan-Cebu International Airport and several other domestic airports in the neighboring cities and towns. There are also sea vessels that ply the waters between the islands within Visayas. When visiting the region, don’t forget to taste Cebu Lechon (roast suckling pig) and Bohol’s calamay and peanut kisses. Key Attractions: 1. Basilica Minore del Santo Nino de Cebu 2. Sinulog Festival in Cebu City 3. Panglao Island, Bohol 4. Magellan’s Cross 5. Beaches of Siquijor and Mactan 6. Bantayan and Malapa...
- CAR (Cordillera Administrative Region)
- NCR (National Capital Region)
- Region 1 (Ilocos Region)
- Region 2 (Cagayan Valley)
This is a list of regions of the Philippines by GDP and GDP per capita. The equivalent countries which are comparable to the regions in GDP are chosen by Worldbank data for the same year. Data for 2018 estimates (international US$ using 2018 PPP conversion factor from the International Monetary Fund ).
The Provinces of the Philippines are the main political and administrative divisions of the Philippines. There are 80 provinces at present. The provinces are divided into cities and municipalities. The National Capital Region, as well as independent cities, are separate from any provincial government.
- Metro Manila
- Northern Luzon
- Central Luzon
- Southern Luzon
Metro Manila is a megalopolis of an urban area. It is composed of 16 cities all converging into one: City of Manila, Quezon City, Caloocan, Las Piñas, Makati, Malabon, Mandaluyong, Marikina, Muntinlupa, Navotas, Parañaque, Pasay, Pasig, San Juan, Taguig, and Valenzuela (and one municipality: Pateros). Located on a narrow isthmus between Central and Southern Luzon, Metro Manila is the center of culture and government for the Philippines. The collection of settlements is pockmarked with Spanish colonial architecture, like Fort Santiago mixed with skyscrapers; the City of Manila itself is the most densely populated city proper in the world. Though the vast green space of Rizal Park with its lawns and gardens is a tranquil oasis in the city, it’s also on the shores of Laguna Lake – the Philippines’ largest freshwater lake – and Manila Bay in the east. The riverside forest park of Arro Cerros and Ayala Triangle Gardens make for good urban retreats, too.
The northern regionof the most populated island in the Philippines is where you’ll find mountains, coastlines, tropical forests, and rivers. No sight in this area is more famous than the stunning Banaue Rice Terraces; located near the popular, relatively cool-weather city of Baguio, these terraces are like emerald steps down the hills of the Cordillera Mountains. These share their name with the fascinating and diverse Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR). Further north, in the same mountains, is the area of Sagada, famous for its caving – such as at Sumaguing Cave – and hiking trails amidst misty mountain villages. Find more hiking opportunities in Kalinga Province, with its tattooed, machete-wearing tribespeople; headhunting ceased here just decades ago. Flung off the northern coast of Luzon, nearer to Taiwan than the Philippines, are the Batanes Islands. Here you’ll find rugged cliffs, green hills and half-subterranean, typhoon-proof houses on the main island of Batan.
Just north of Metro Manila, the region of Central Luzonis known as the rice granary of the Philippines. It’s the largest flat plains area in the country, so there’s plenty of room for agriculture here. There is some elevation, however. The active volcano of Mount Pinatubo in the Zambales Mountains provides hiking opportunities, where keen trekkers can reach the summit and catch sight of its crater lake. Minlungao, with its winding river, is a popular spot for cliff diving or laid-back rafting. On the west coast, the city of Balanga, Bataan province, boasts colonial architecture, old-world splendor at The Plaza Hotel, and a festival to honor the hatching of baby sea turtles at the Pawikan Conservation Centre. Once the capital of the Philippine Republic, Angeles is comparable to Manila, with shopping, nightlife, and colonial history; it’s also the gateway to the Mount Arayat National Park. Surrounded by rice paddies, Mount Arayat boasts valleys and rivers.
The southern end of the island of Luzonis made up of two regions: Calabarzon, bordering Metro Manila to the north and east; and the Bicol Region, comprising offshore islands, too. Calabarzon is popular thanks to its proximity to Minla. At Laguna Lake, you can find hot spring resorts, particularly around Mount Makiling. To the south, Batangas province is where you’ll find many beachside resorts and towns scattered with colonial-era churches and buildings. In Batangas, the town of Tagaytay is home to Taal Lake, in the middle of which is Taal Volcano, whose crater hides yet another lake! Made up of six provinces, Bicol is where you’ll find limestone caves, beaches and a whole host of islands to explore. The symmetrical, almost perfectly conical Mount Mayon, near Legazpi City, is a sacred, active volcano. Elsewhere you’ll discover rough, jagged terrain on the Caramoan Peninsula, the gateway to beaches and lush scenery.
A large island to the south of Calabarzon, Mindoro is an unspoiled place to explore in easy reach of the Philippine capital. It’s made up of Mindoro Oriental in the east and the more rugged Mindoro Occidental in the west, both separated by towering mountains in its center. On the east side, the most popular place on the island is Puerto Galera, home to resorts and beaches galore. There are also dive sites and forest trails to places like the famous Tamaraw Falls, where you can swim in its cooling pool. Just north of here is Sabang Beach, whose coral-filled waters are brimming with marine life. The more remote west side of the island is home to places like Sablayan, where almost no tourists go. It’s the place to go to feel a particularly untouched natural side to the Philippines.
Set between Luzon in the north and Mindanao to the south, the Visayas region is characterized by being home to many, many islands; stunning white sand beaches and blooming corals are par for the course here. Eastern Visayas is where you’ll find the cosmopolitan Cebu City. Situated on the island of the same name, it’s the most important city in a region not known for its urban centers. Instead, nature abounds. Bohol, for example, is known for its picture-perfect Chocolate Hills – a landscape of relatively small, brown conical hills. Here is also where you’ll find easygoing beaches and coastal dive spots. Western Visayas, Boracay, with its white beaches, resorts, and fiesta atmosphere, is a simultaneously lively and stunning place to visit. There’s also Romblon Island and Apo Island, with their world-class diving sites, and Malapascua – a tiny paradise island perfect for getting away from it all.
The island of Mindanao (the Philippines’ second-largest) is home to a sizeable Muslim population, the skyscraper-clad city of Davao, the highest peak in the Philippines – Mount Apo, at 2,954 meters above sea level – and a lack of development that makes this diverse region perfect for the intrepid traveler. Keep in mind however that Western governments all advise caution anywhere on Mindanao and suggest avoiding several areas. Keen surfers can head to the stunning island of Siargao, off the north coast of Mindanao, where you’ll find the Cloud 9: a world-renowned reef wave known for its thick hollow tubes. It’s because of this that the annual Siargao Cup is held here. Other beautiful islands include Camiguin, with a turquoise lagoon, flour-white sand, colonial ruins, and even a hot spring. The city of Zamboanga, on the peninsula of the same name, has colonial history and – of course – beaches under its belt. Just offshore is the intriguing island of Santa Cruz, famous for its pink san...
Arguably the most famous vacation destination in the Philippines, the long island of Palawanstretches from Mindoro in the northeast to the shores of Northern Borneo in the southwest. This region is all about its spectacular seascapes and abundant underwater wildlife; it’s an enticing destination. One of the most well-known spots, El Nido works as a popular base and gateway to Bacuit, the northernmost archipelago of islands. Here, limestone-cliffed islands jut out of the sea in a super-tropical version of Ha Long Bay. While many travelers choose to base themselves in El Nido or the rightly popular spot of Coron Island – complete with jungle interior and lakes – there’s more to discover to the southwest. Midway down, Puerto Princesa is home to the cool Puerto Princesa Subterranean River National Park, home to the world’s longest navigable underground river. But Tubbataha Reef National Park takes first place. Whale sharks, hammerheads and manta rays mingle amongst this coral shelf in t...
Jan 28, 2019 · Here’s the list of Philippine provinces with their respective capital city or town. There are 81 provinces grouped into 15 Regions. The 16th region is Metro Manila which is a special administrative region. You can go directly to each region by clicking here:
Regions of the Philippines. 12 terms. Places in your house. 10 terms. Philippines - National Capital Region. 7 terms. The rest of Luzon (besides NCR) Features ...