- United Nations Resolution 181 , resolution passed by the United Nations (UN) General Assembly in 1947 that called for the partition of Palestine into Arab and Jewish states, with the city of Jerusalem as a corpus separatum (Latin: “separate entity”) to be governed by a special international regime.
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Nov 29, 2011 · On Nov. 29, 1947, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling for Palestine to be partitioned between Arabs and Jews, allowing for the formation of the Jewish state of Israel....
The United Nations Partition Plan for Palestine was a proposal by the United Nations, which recommended a partition of Mandatory Palestine at the end of the British Mandate. On 29 November 1947, the UN General Assembly adopted the Plan as Resolution 181 (II) .
- 29 November 1947
- 33 voted for, 13 voted against, 10 abstained
- A/RES/181(II) (Document)
United Nations Resolution 181, resolution passed by the United Nations (UN) General Assembly in 1947 that called for the partition of Palestine into Arab and Jewish states, with the city of Jerusalem as a corpus separatum (Latin: “separate entity”) to be governed by a special international regime. The resolution—which was considered by the Jewish community in Palestine to be a legal basis for the establishment of Israel, and which was rejected by the Arab community—was succeeded ...
Jul 14, 2019 · By Dov Lipman July 14, 2019. The United Nations’ adoption of the 1947 Partition Plan was a key moment in the Israeli-Arab conflict, as the international community formally endorsed the creation of Jewish and Arab states side by side. Anti-Israel chants of “From the river to the sea, Palestine will be free” ignore the history of the conflict.
In November 1947, how did the United Nations try to resolve the issue of Palestine? O It made Palestine an Arab nation. O It made Palestine a Jewish nation. O split Palestine into two nations, one Arab and one Jewish. O It returned Palestine to Great Britain.
The United Nations Special Committee on Palestine recommended partition, and on 29 November 1947 the United Nations General Assembly voted to recommend the partition of Palestine into two states – an Arab and a Jewish one. The partition resolution (181) intended administration of Palestine to be in the hands of five UN representatives and ...
Nov 29, 2020 · UN Partitioned Palestine Seventy-three years ago this week, the United Nations passed Resolution 181 (embedded below), which called for the partition of British-ruled Palestine into a Jewish state and an Arab state (back then, Jews living in the Holy Land were called Palestinians).
Nov 24, 2020 · At the end of World War II, in 1945, the United States took up the Zionist cause. Britain, unable to find a practical solution, referred the problem to the United Nations, which on November 29,...
- Background of The Un Partition Recommendation
- U.S. Officials Oppose Partition Plan
- Truman Accedes to Pro-Israel Lobby
- Pro-Israel Pressure on General Assembly Members
In 1947 the UN took up the question of Palestine, a territory that was then administered by the British. Approximately 50 years before, a movement called political Zionism had begun in Europe. Its intention was to create a Jewish state in Palestine through pushing out the Christian and Muslim inhabitants who made up over 95 percent of its population and replacing them with Jewish immigrants. As this colonial project grew through subsequent years, the indigenous Palestinians reacted with occasional bouts of violence; Zionists had anticipated this since people usually resist being expelled from their land. In various written documents cited by numerous Palestinian and Israeli historians, they discussed their strategy: they would buy up the land until all the previous inhabitants had emigrated, or, failing this, use violence to force them out. When the buy-out effort was able to obtain only a few percent of the land, Zionists created a number of terrorist groups to fight against both t...
The U.S. State Department opposed this partition plan strenuously, considering Zionism contrary to both fundamental American principles and US interests. Author Donald Neff reports that Loy Henderson, Director of the State Department’s Office of Near Eastern and African Affairs, wrote a memo to the Secretary of State warning: Henderson went on to emphasize: When Zionists began pushing for a partition plan through the UN, Henderson recommended strongly against supporting their proposal. He warned that such a partition would have to be implemented by force and emphasized that it was “not based on any principle.” He went on to write: Henderson specifically pointed out: Henderson was far from alone in making his recommendations. He wrote that his views were not only those of the entire Near East Division but were shared by “nearly every member of the Foreign Service or of the Department who has worked to any appreciable extent on Near Eastern problems.” Henderson wasn’t exaggerating. Of...
President Harry Truman, however, ignored this advice. Truman’s political advisor, Clark Clifford, believed that the Jewish vote and contributions were essential to winning the upcoming presidential election, and that supporting the partition plan would garner that support. (Truman’s opponent, Dewey, took similar stands for similar reasons.) Truman’s Secretary of State George Marshall, the renowned World War II General and author of the Marshall Plan, was furious to see electoral considerations taking precedence over policies based on national interest. He condemned what he called a “transparent dodge to win a few votes,” which would cause “[t]he great dignity of the office of President [to be] seriously diminished.” Marshall wrote that the counsel offered by Clifford “was based on domestic political considerations, while the problem which confronted us was international. I said bluntly that if the President were to follow Mr. Clifford’s advice and if in the elections I were to vote,...
When it was clear that the Partition recommendation did not have the required two-thirds of the UN General Assembly to pass, Zionists pushed through a delay in the vote. They then used this period to pressure numerous nations into voting for the recommendation. A number of people later described this campaign. Robert Nathan, a Zionist who had worked for the US government and who was particularly active in the Jewish Agency, wrote afterward, “We used any tools at hand,” such as telling certain delegations that the Zionists would use their influence to block economic aid to any countries that did not vote the right way. Another Zionist proudly stated: Financier and longtime presidential advisor Bernard Baruch told France it would lose U.S. aid if it voted against partition. Top White House executive assistant David Niles organized pressure on Liberia; rubber magnate Harvey Firestonepressured Liberia. Latin American delegates were told that the Pan-American highway construction project...