What happened on February 20, 1945. Browse historical events, famous birthdays and notable deaths from Feb 20, 1945 or search by date, day or keyword.
What are the important events that happened on February 20, 1945? Here are historical events, facts, and some myths about this day. February 20, 1945: Facts & Myths About This Day. February 20, 1945 is the 51 st day of the year 1945 in the Gregorian calendar. There are 314 days remaining until the end of this year.
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It was Tuesday, under the sign of Pisces (see zodiac on February 20, 1945). The US president was Franklin D. Roosevelt (Democrat), the UK Prime Minister was Winston Churchill (Conservative), Pope Pius XII was leading the Catholic Church. Famous people born on this day include Gérard Hamel and George Smoot.
75 Years Ago—February 20, 1945: US Marines take Motoyama Airfield 1 on Iwo Jima; on February 26 the first Marine OY-1 Sentinel observation aircraft will arrive to conduct artillery spotting, on March 2 the first cargo planes will land, and on March 4 the first B-29 will make an emergency landing there.
Below are some of the most important historical events that happened on 20 February 1945. 1792 – US postal service created, postage 6-12 cents depending on distance. 1872 – New York's Metropolitan Museum of Art opens. 1873 – British Naval Officer John Moresby discovers the site of Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea and claims it for Britain.
February 20, 1945 (Tuesday) Japanese destroyer Nokaze was torpedoed and sunk north of Nha Trang by the submarine USS Pargo with the loss of 209 lives. In the Atlantic Ocean, German submarine U-1276 sank the British corvette HMS Vervain and was then sunk in turn by Royal Navy sloop HMS Amethyst from the same convoy.
February 20, 1945 was a Tuesday and it was the 51 st day of the year 1945. It was the 8 th Tuesday of that year. The next time you can reuse your old 1945 calendar will be in 2029. Both calendars will be exactly the same!
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Eastern Front, East Prussia
The trapped German Fourth Army attempts to reach German-held Elbing but is halted by a Soviet counterattack.
The US XIV Corps begins its attack against Manila, which is defended by 17,000 Japanese troops under Rear Admiral Sanji Iwabuchi. The garrison, after destroying the city (the ‘Rape of Manila’), is wiped out. US casualties total 1000 dead and 5500 wounded; 100,000 Filipino citizens are killed.
Marshal Joseph Stalin, President Franklin D. Roosevelt, and Prime Minister Winston Churchill meet at the Yalta Conference in the Crimea to discuss postwar Europe. The ‘Big Three’ decide that Germany will be divided into four zones, administered by Britain, France, the United States, and the Soviet Union. An Allied Control Commission will be set up in Berlin, and Austria will also be divided into four zones. The capital, Vienna, will be in the Soviet zone and will also have a four-power admini...
Western Front, France
The German bridgehead on the west bank of the Rhine, south of Strasbourg around the town of Colmar - the Colmar Pocket - is split by units of the French First Army attacking from the south and elements of the US Seventh Army advancing from the north. The elimination of the pocket is essential to the crossing of the Rhine.
Eastern Front, Germany
Marshal Ivan Konev’s 1st Ukrainian Front begins its offensive to disrupt German plans and establish an impregnable defense line along the southern Oder. By the 24th his forces have advanced 75 miles (120 km) and seized Lower Silesia, in addition to freeing 91,300 Soviet citizens and 22,500 other foreigners from German imprisonment.
Western Front, France
Following Allied pressure against the Colmar Pocket, Field Marshal Gerd von Rundstedt, German commander-in-chief in the West, convinces Hitler to pull back the Nineteenth Army across the Rhine. The west bank of the river south of Strasbourg is now free of German troops.
Eastern Front, Poland
The Soviet 2nd Belorussian Front launches an offensive in the region of Grudziadz and Sepolno but runs into determined resistance from the German Second Army. Soviet progress is very slow.
Eastern Front, Hungary
The trapped Axis garrison in Budapest attempts to break through the Soviet lines. However, of the nearly 30,000 Germans and Hungarians, fewer than 700 are able to escape.
Air War, Germany
The RAF mounts a night raid on Dresden. The 805 bombers inflict massive damage on the city’s old town and inner suburbs. The bombing triggers the worst firestorm of the war, in which at least 50,000 people are killed. The raid is controversial, as the city has negligible strategic value, is virtually undefended, and is crammed with refugees. The next morning, the city is bombed again by 400 aircraft of the US 8th Army Air Force.
Eastern Front, East Prussia
As a result of the Red Army’s advance, over half of the 2.3 million population of East Prussia have fled west. Some have been taken out by boat, although most have walked or made their way by horse and wagon. Thousands have died from either cold or exhaustion, or in Soviet air and artillery attacks.
February 20 is the 51st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar; ... 1945 – Alan Hull, English singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1995) 1946 – Brenda Blethyn, ...