History of Indian classical music
- Indian classical music is the classical music of the Indian subcontinent. It has two major traditions: the North Indian classical music tradition is called Hindustani , while the South Indian expression is called Carnatic . These traditions were not distinct until about the 16th century.
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Classical Indian music is a genre of South Asian music, the other being film, various varieties of pop, regional folk, religious and devotional music. In Indian classical music, the raga and the tala are two foundational elements. The raga forms the fabric of a melodic structure, and the tala keeps the time cycle.
May 03, 2012 · In 7th century AD, Indian music was used to popularize the Hindu philosophy and religious ideas. Many scholarly books on music were written; mention should be made of Jaidev’s “Gitogobindo” and sarangdev’s “Sangeet Ratnakar“. Between the 9th and 12th centuries, Indian classical music saw marked qualitative improvement.
It took a long time for music to come to the present form. Major advances in music were made between 14 th and 18 th centuries. On account of various invasions during the period, Indian music came in contact with the Persian Music and led to the development of two forms of Indian Classical Music, Hindustani & Carnatic. .
- What Is Indian Classical Music?
- What Makes It Different from Other Indian Music Like Folk Or Bollywood?
- Which Instruments Are Used in Indian Classical Music?
- What Is A Performance like?
Indian classical music is a rich tradition that originated in South Asia and can now be found in all corners of the world. It’s origins date back to sacred Vedic scriptures over 6,000 years ago where chants developed a system of musical notes and rhythmic cycles. In this way, Indian classical music is very closely connected to nature, taking inspiration from natural phenomena including the seasons and times of the day to create ‘ragas’ or musical moods and many time cycles or ‘taals’ that have been further codified. Compositions are fixed but most of the music is improvised within the structure of notes and mathematics. This gives the music a spontaneous freedom where each artist and every performance is ensured to be completely unique. Indian classical music is generally passed down in an oral tradition where the student would spend many years with their ‘guru’, developing a very special, spiritual bond, imbibing all aspects of the music along with philosophical and moral principle...
It’s all about the context and purpose. Folk music is generally performed at local celebrations and its focus is bringing communities together. Although it also has a rich historical tradition, the classical form has been codified, studied and elaborated upon in a very disciplined way. Classical music is inspired by folk melodies and forms but the majority of the repertoire requires more rigour and in-depth training. Folk music of Rajasthan Bollywood music has been very inspired by the classical tradition with many film songs having been composed in ‘ragas’ but it’s purpose is mainly for entertainment and excitement whereas many classical musicians will say that their music is for enlightenment instead. Bollywood song from the film Devdas
Many different instruments have been used and developed for Indian classical music such as: Sitar- The sitar is a plucked stringed instrument used in Hindustani (North Indian) classical music. The instrument flourished under the Mughals and it is named after a Persian instrument called the setar (meaning three strings). The sitar flourished in the 16th and 17th centuries and arrived at its present form in 18th-century India. It derives its distinctive timbre and resonance from sympathetic strings, bridge design, a long hollow neck and a gourd-shaped resonance chamber. Tabla- The tabla is a membranophone percussion instrument originating from the Indian subcontinent, consisting of a pair of drums, used in traditional, classical, popular and folk music. It has been a particularly important instrument in Hindustani classical music since the 18th century, and remains in use in India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Nepal, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka. Vocal– Many instruments aim to emulate the voic...
Performances take place in a chamber setting and focus on the solo performer, who is accompanied by a drone and rhythm. Melody, and the relationship between notes, is more important than harmony. An extensive system of ornamentations such as gliding, vibrato and oscillation – are used to embellish the melodic lines. In many cases, the performers will begin with a slow introductory section called ‘alaap’ and then gradually increase the improvisations and tempo with different compositions into a fast crescendo. Here’s an example of a performance organised by Making Music member, the Sitar Music Society. You can learn how to listen to or play Indian classical music with the Sitar Music Society’s events and workshops. We hope you find this Making Music resource useful. If you have any comments or suggestions about the guidance please contact us. Whilst every effort is made to ensure that the content of this guidance is accurate and up to date, Making Music do not warrant, nor accept any...
At one extreme, it is classical music whilst at the other extreme; it is a mixture of musical genres of different regions that reflect the diversity of India. Hindustani classical music is an Indian classical music tradition that took shape in northern India in the 13th and 14th centuries A. D.
Classical music too started being exported out of the country in the 60`s, and an experiment of combining western music with the Indian Classical form also took place. This gave rise to what is popularly referred to as fusion music.
Carnatic music or Carnatic sangeet is the south Indian classical music. Carnatic music has a rich history and tradition and is one of the gems of world music. Carnatic Sangeet has developed in the south Indian states of Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka.
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