russiatrek.org/murmansk-oblast#:~:text=Murmansk oblast ( Murmanskaya) is a federal subject,762,000 (2015), the area - 144,902 sq. km.
- Murmansk oblast ( Murmanskaya) is a federal subject of Russia located in northwest of the country, mainly on the Kola Peninsula , part of the North-West Federal District. Murmansk is the capital city of the region. The population of Murmansk oblast is about 762,000 (2015), the area - 144,902 sq. km.
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The Saami, now a very small minority, are the indigenous people of the region. Russians started exploring the shores of the White Sea as early as in the 12th century, and in 1916 founded the Russian city of Murmansk, now home to nearly 40% of the oblast's population in the 307,257 (2010 Census);.
- Murmansk Region History
- Natural Resources of The Murmansk Region
- Murmansk Region Features
- Murmansk Oblast Attractions
According to the archaeological sites, people already lived on the Kola Peninsula in the 8th-7th millennium BC. Much later, the boyars of the Novgorod Republic began to send expeditions to the north to gain fish, fur, seal fat, and other “treasures of the north.”Presumably in the 12th century, the expeditions reached the Kola Peninsula. Locals (the Sami) were taxed tribute. For a while, the Sami had to pay a double tribute because Norway also tried to assert its authority here. However, in 13...
Murmansk oblast is located in northern Europe. About 70% of the territory of the region is located on the Kola Peninsula. Most of the territory is situated within the Arctic Circle. In the south, the Murmansk region borders with the Republic of Karelia, in the west - with Finland, in the northwest - with Norway. It is washed by the White and Barents Seas.The region is very rich in mineral resources. Apatite (Khibiny deposit), valuable raw for phosphoric fertilizers, is mined in the region, ne...
The climate in the southern part of the Murmansk region is moderately cold, in the northern part - subarctic marine, softened with warm North Atlantic Current, which enables navigation throughout a year. In winter, the polar night is common, in summer - the polar day. In Murmansk, the polar night lasts from December 2 to January, 11, the polar day - from May 22 to July 22.The average temperature of the coldest months (January and February) ranges from minus 8 degrees Celsius in the northern p...
In the distant past, the territory of the present Murmansk region was covered by a glacier. That’s why the region has a lot of rivers (Varzuga, Umba, Niva, Voronya, Kola, Tuloma, the longest river - Ponoy) and lakes (Umbozero, Lovozero, the largest lake - Imandra). Almost the entire territory of the Murmansk region is covered by tundra and forest tundra.Today, Murmansk oblast is becoming more and more popular among the lovers of ecological tourism. Environmental tourism is being developed, mo...
Murmansk (Russian: Му́рманск, IPA: [ˈmurmənsk]) is a port city and the administrative center of Murmansk Oblast in the far northwest part of Russia.It sits on both slopes and banks of a modest ria or fjord, Kola Bay, an estuarine inlet of the Barents Sea.
- October 4
- 50 m (160 ft)
- July 19, 1916
The population of all cities and urban settlements in Murmansk Oblast according to census results and latest official estimates. The icon links to further information about a selected place including its population structure (gender).NameNativeStatusPopulation Census 1989-01-12ApatityАпатитыCity88,026Gadžijevo [Gadzhiyevo]ГаджиевоCity...Kandalakša [Kandalaksha]КандалакшаCity54,080Kil'dinstroj [Kildinstroy]КильдинстройUrban Settlement...
Murmansk, oblast (region), northwestern Russia, occupying the Kola Peninsula between the White and Barents seas. Its upland blocks and mountain massifs, rising to 3,907 feet (1,191 metres) in the Khibiny Mountains, are covered by tundra in the north and swampy forest, or taiga, in the south.
Murmansk, seaport and centre of Murmansk oblast (region), northwestern Russia, lying 125 miles (200 km) north of the Arctic Circle, and on the eastern shore of Kola Bay, 30 miles (48 km) from the ice-free Barents Sea. The town, founded in 1915 as a supply port in World War I, was a base for the
Lumbovka (Russian: Лумбовка) is a rural locality (an inhabited locality) in administrative jurisdiction of the closed administrative-territorial formation of Ostrovnoy in Murmansk Oblast, Russia, located on the Kola Peninsula, beyond the Arctic Circle, at an elevation of 1 meter (3 ft 3 in) above sea level.