- Funk is a music genre that originated in Black African American communities in the mid- 1960s when musicians created a rhythmic, danceable new form of music through a mixture of soul, jazz, and rhythm and blues (R&B).
People also ask
When did funk music become popular?
Is it time to get funk?
What is the definition of funk music?
What genre is we need the funk?
Funk originated in the mid-1960s, with James Brown's development of a signature groove that emphasized the downbeat—with heavy emphasis on the first beat of every measure ("The One"), and the application of swung 16th notes and syncopation on all basslines, drum patterns, and guitar riffs —and rock and psychedelia-influenced musicians Sly and the Family Stone and Jimi Hendrix, fostering improvisation in funk.
Funk music is a popular genre of the 1970s and 1980s technically defined by a combination of African American soul music and a strong syncopated beat. But the definition offered by musical legend...
Aug 26, 2020 · Funk, rhythm-driven musical genre popular in the 1970s and early 1980s that linked soul to later African-American musical styles. Musically, funk refers to a style of aggressive urban dance music driven by hard syncopated bass lines and drumbeats and accented by instruments involved in rhythmic counterplay.
- Beginnings of Funk
- The Rise of Funk in The 1970s
- Influence on Disco
- 1980s Synthesizer Funk
- Late 1980s and Onwards
- Women of Funk
The word “funk” comes from the latin word “fumigare” which means “to smoke”. Funk was originally introduced into English to describe a strong smell and was first used around 1620. About a century later, the adjective “funky” was derived, meaning musty. This word was then picked up by the jazz communities in the 1900s and used as slang to describe something that was earthy or deeply felt. By the 1950s and 1960s, the use of “funky” to describe jazz was common, and this is how the genre “funk” got its unique name.
Funk is a very danceable genre. It is upbeat, rhythmic and, for lack of another word, undeniably funky. Funk puts more emphasis on bass line as opposed to melody. It incorporates a variety of rhythm instruments, with bass and drums playing an important role in most funk songs. Funk usually doesn’t limit itself to the regular verse/chorus structure of most songs. The song goes where the music carries it, and often each section of the song is given fairly equal weight and importance. Funk was the voice of a generation in the 1970s. It expressed the struggles of the working-class community, giving them music to share and identify with. Here’s a band called The Meters that you’ll become familiar with if you stick with the funk. Cissy Strut, 1974…
Funk was born in the African-American communities of the mid to late 1960s. It was heavily influenced by (you could even say it was started by) a musician named James Brown, AKA the “Godfather of Soul”. James Brown was an innovative singer that started out in blues and gospel-based forms of music, singing in the group The Famous Flames in the late 1950s and early 1960s. Later in the 1960s, however, Brown decided to try something new, and so he shifted to an Africanized style of music. This change in style was launched by his hit singles in 1965, “Papa’s Got a Brand New Bag” and “I Got You (I Feel Good)”. Check out this clip of James Brown performing live in 1965. If you haven’t heard him before, this will help you understand the meaning of funk. Brown’s signature groove developed into an accentuated downbeat, with emphasis on the first beat, as opposed to on the backbeat which was typical of most African-American music at the time. In other words, his signature groove went like this...
After James Brown pioneered this new and exciting type of music, many musicians began to adopt his style. Dyke and the Blazers released one of the first albums to have “funky” in its name: the album “Funky Broadway” in 1967. In 1970, the band Tower of Power (TOP) released their debut album, “Easy Bay Grease” featuring songs such as “The Price” and “Back on the Streets Again”. The band was a break-through for modern funk because they popularized the genre and spread it to a wider audience. The band Sly and the Family Stone released the song “Thank You” which hit #1 in the charts in 1970, and their song “Family Affair” reached #1 in 1971. The Meters, whom we mentioned earlier, was another influential band who brought funk to New Orleans, making it popular in that area. Another significant funk band was The Isley Brothers, who came out with the hit song “It’s Your Thing”. This group was one of the stepping stones that lay between the jazzier James Brown and the psychedelic Jimi Hendrix...
The 1970’s were also when jazz musicians began blending jazz with different genres. Jazz-funk arose from this experimentation: a blend of jazz and funk. Jazz-funk used electric bass and electric piano, as opposed to the traditional jazz of the time, which used double bass and grand piano. Herbie Hancock, a jazz pianist who played with the Miles Davis Quintet throughout the 60s, decided to break out into the world of funk in the 70s with a new band of his creation called The Headhunters. Their debut album, “Head Hunters”, was released in 1973 and became an instant hit across audiences, though it was criticized by some jazz musicians because it felt more like funk than jazz. Here it is! If you want to feel funky, put this on. Jazz trumpeter Miles Davis, one of the most acclaimed jazz figures of the 20thcentury, decided to release a jazz-funk album in the 1970s, like so many other jazz artists. The album he recorded was “On the Corner”. He wrote it during the summer of 1972 and release...
In addition to the blend of jazz and funk, some groups began to develop a funk-rock style. The two bands of singer George Clinton, Funkadelic and Parliament, started experimenting with jazz and psychedelic rock in their funk music. These two bands are often referred to together as Parliament-Funkadelic, because they shared many band members. From these two bands, the subgenre P-Funk arose, referring to the music of George Clinton and Parliament-Funkadelic. The P-Funk groups became quite popular in the 1970s, due to their exciting new brand of funk and their live performances. Starting in the 1980s, samples of P-Funk were also incorporate throughout many rap and hip-hop songs, including Dr. Dre.
Disco music was heavily influenced by funk. Many of the disco hits of that time were sung by artists who started off in funk. For example, the funk band Rufus & Chaka Khan launched the solo singing career of Chaka Khan, who went on to sing the hit disco song “I’m Every Woman”. Donna Summer’s “Love to Love You Baby” was also inspired by funk rhythms, as was “Kung Foo Fighting” by Biddu and Carl Douglas, and “Love Hangover” by Diana Ross. And let’s not forget the funkiest disco band of them all, Chic.
Electronic instruments, drum machines, and of course, synthesizers, began to trickle into funk music in the 1980s. Saxophones and trumpets were given less time in the lime light of songs, and synth keyboards became popular instead. Synth keyboards were also used for the bass lines that were originally played on bass. In 1980, the band Yellow Magic Orchestra became the first band to use the programmable drum machine known as a TR-808. Rick James was another artist of the time experimenting with synthesizer funk. With his hit 1981 singles “Super Freak” and “Give It to Me Baby”, we can see that the 1980s brought a change not only to the sound of funk but to the lyrics of funk as well; they became more explicit than before. Prince was another icon of the 1980s, writing adventurous music with sexual themes and funky instrumentation. Some other synth-funk artists of the time were Cameo, the Bar-Kays, Zapp, and the Dazz Band. Afrika Bambaataa, a band inspired by Yellow Magic Orchestra, dev...
Funk declined greatly in popularity with the arrival of hip-hop, rap and contemporary R&B in the late 1980s. However, it was still used, and is still used today, for sampling in many hip-hop songs. In fact, James Brown and Parliament-Funk are said to be the two most sampled artists in all of the hip-hop genre. Dr. Dre has said that he was greatly influenced by the psychedelic funk of George Clinton and P-Funk. Rock bands also used certain elements of funk in their songs. Bands such as Jane’s Addiction and Rage Against the Machine were influenced and inspired by funk. The Red Hot Chilli Peppers, when they first began, took a page from punk funk acts like Defunkt and The Contortions. Their debut album, “The Red Hot Chilli Peppers” featured back-up vocals by Gwen Dickey, the singer of the disco funk band Rose Royce. Even modern R&B music has been touched by the splendours of funk. Beyoncé’s 2003 hit “Crazy in Love” samples the funk song “Are You My Woman” by the Chi-Lites, a funk quart...
Often, the history of funk focusses on men, and on bands consisting mostly of men, but there have been notable and influential funk women as well. Chaka Khan, for example, who started in the band Rufus and Chaka Khan before pursuing a solo career, has been called the “Queen of Funk”. Her 1984 album “I Feel For You”, brought her much success and became a platinum album. The title track of this album features a harmonica solo by Stevie Wonder and a rap by Grandmaster Melle Mel. Dawn Silva and Lynn Mabry are another two big names in funk. They started off as back-up singers for Sly and the Family Stone, and then began working with Parliament-Funkadelic. They then began their own career under the name The Brides of Funkenstein, which was named by George Clinton after the P-Funk album “The Clones of Dr. Funkenstein”. Their 1978 debut album, “Funk or Walk”, was a huge success, selling thousands of copies in the first week. In 1979, Lynn Mabry left and was replaced by Sheila Horne and Jean...
Urban music originate from Latin America. year 1975. Where did the surname Funk originate? Funke or Funk is a family name of German origin.
- The Godfather of Funk
- The Movement Begins
- The Mothership Has Landed
- One Nation Under A Groove
From the early 1950s, James Brown had a successful career as a soul singer, with hits like ‘Think’ and ‘It’s a Man’s Man’s Man’s World’ electrifying audiences around the USA. It was his rigorous focus on live performance that led to his development of what became known as funk in the mid to late 1960s. A notoriously hard-nosed bandleader, Brown would make his band play sections of songs over and over again until they were flawless. In rehearsals and in onstage introductions, Brown would have his band vamp (play a riff around one chord) until he signalled the start of the next song. In 1967, Brown put his band’s vamping on wax for the first time. ‘Cold Sweat’ is often cited as the first proper funk song, with its one-chord, bass and drum-focused instrumental now fully divorced from the traditional harmonic structures of R&B. Most importantly, ‘Cold Sweat’ is based entirely around what Brown called ‘The One’ – the first beat of a bar. Bootsy Collins explains all below:
After the success of ‘Cold Sweat’, many other R&B artists began to get funky. Sly & the Family Stone’s singles ‘Thank You (Falletinme Be Mice Elf Agin)’ and ‘Family Affair’ reached number one on the Billboard charts, bringing the genre huge exposure and new fans. Artists signed to established R&B labels like Motown and Stax began to take their music in a funkier direction, with Stevie Wonder, Marvin Gaye and Isaac Hayes all focusing on the effervescent One and polyrhythmic grooves. Before Kool & The Gangbecame the ‘Celebration’ hitmakers, their music was as funky as it gets: a tight instrumental unit with a strong horn section. As well as making headway in the charts, funk became attached to the burgeoning Civil Rights Movement. Many of the artists stood up for their rights as African Americans, and many songs celebrated Black pride. James Brown’s ‘Say It Loud (I’m Black and I’m Proud)’ brought listeners to tears at his concerts, so great was it to see a successful musician celebrat...
Next to James Brown, George Clinton is the principal architect of funk as we know it today. His bands Parliament and Funkadelic (comprised of the same members) pushed funk to its limits, creating the first fully fleshed-out funk albums, and an entire funk mythos based on Clinton’s cosmic fantasies. Parliament/Funkadelic’s ‘P-Funk’ style added an intergalactic weirdness to the genre, and brought in distorted electric guitars and synthesizers resulting in a complex, experimental sound. According to modern funk torchbearer D’Angelo, Earth, Wind and Fire vs P-Funk is funk’s Beatles vs Rolling Stones. Where Clinton and co. created music for the funk faithful, Earth, Wind and Fire managed to mould funk into slick chart-topping hits with mainstream appeal. But their music was no less inspirational. EWF brought an Afrocentric philosophy to their funk, with African-inspired interludes and Ancient Egyptian iconography on their records.
By now, funk had truly taken off as a genre, and artists like Chaka Khan with her band Rufus, the Fatback Band, and KC and the Sunshine Bandtore up stages across the globe. As the 80s came around, funk began to change with the times, but The One remained its key foundation, and that never changed. Book George Clinton, Chaka Khan, Kool & the Gang, Fatback Band or KC and the Sunshine Bandto bring funk’s pioneers to your venue. Header image by Heinrich Klaffs – via flickr, CC BY-SA 2.0
Funk music is a style of popular music that emerged in the late 1960s as an outgrowth of R&B (rhythm and blues). African-American musicians created it by combining elements of soul and jazz with...
- 4 min
Funk Styles or funk dance refer to dance styles that are primarily danced to funk music. More specifically they can be used for a group of street dance styles that originated in California in the 1970s, mainly popping and locking.
It was developed in Jamaica in the 1960s when Stranger Cole, Prince Buster, Clement "Coxsone" Dodd, and Duke Reid formed sound systems to play American rhythm and blues and then began recording their own songs. In the early 1960s, ska was the dominant music genre of Jamaica and was popular with British mods.
Sep 27, 2018 · The term 'Rhythm and Blues' was first introduced into the American lexicon in the late 1940s: the name's origin was created for use as a musical marketing term by Billboard magazine.