- The Gramophone and Records On November 8, 1887, Emile Berliner , a German immigrant working in Washington D.C., patented a successful system for sound recording. Berliner was the first inventor to stop recording on cylinders and start recording on flat disks or records. The first records were made of glass.
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The gramophone as the name of the most advanced music player, sound recorder and playback device of 1887 was coined and patented by its inventor to refer to the sound device which plays on flat discs on disc record players, running through the groove out to the periphery instead of the conventional one play cylindrical phonographs which was invented by Thomas Edison and later on was known as the phonautograph by Alexander Graham Bell.
Nov 04, 2019 · The Gramophone and Records On November 8, 1887, Emile Berliner, a German immigrant working in Washington D.C., patented a successful system for sound recording. Berliner was the first inventor to stop recording on cylinders and start recording on flat disks or records. The first records were made of glass.
- Early Sound Recording Devices
- Berliner's Invention of The Gramophone
- The Gramophone Business
- Illegal Competition and The End of The Berliner Company
During the early 1880s a contest developed between Thomas A. Edison and the Volta Laboratory team of Chichester A. Bell and Charles Sumner Tainter . The objective was to transform Edison's 1877 tinfoil phonograph, or talking machine, into an instrument capable of taking its place alongside the typewriter as a business correspondence device. This involved not only building a better machine, but finding a substance to replace the foil as the recording medium. By the beginning of 1887 both sides had announced the invention of a machine using a wax cylinder that would be incised vertically to match the sound vibrations. The same machine that was used to make the recording would, as with the tinfoil machine, be used for playback. Edison, as he did earlier, termed his wax cylinder apparatus a phonograph; Bell and Tainter named their apparatus a graphophone. Business people preferred the former, but neither machine was much of a success. Since the phonograph did not succeed as a dictating...
Emile Berliner had many trials and errors developing the gramophone. Some of them were described by the inventor in a lecture-demonstration he gave at the Franklin Institute in Philadelphia on May 16, 1888, which was printed in the institute's Journal(vol. 125, no. 60). Very early in his work, Berliner decided upon the disc format coupled with the lateral vibration used by Leon Scott in his phonautograph. Scott had developed this machine in the 1850s for the sole purpose of visually recording the vibrations of the voice so that they could be studied by those involved with human speech. The vibrations were made by speaking into the large end of a megaphone whose small end was a thin diaphragm that could freely vibrate. A thin brush attached to the diaphragm would make tiny tracks on blackened glass. These lateral vibrations could then be photographed and studied. Apparently it never occurred to Scott or anyone else at the time that, if these tiny tracks could be fixed and then the st...
By the early 1890s, Berliner had already launched the gramophone upon the market. The world's first samples of laterally-cut disc records were issued not in the United States, but in Germany. In 1887 Berliner had obtained patent coverage in both Germany and England for the gramophone. In 1889 he went to Germany to demonstrate his new invention to German scientists. While visiting his native Hanover, he was approached by representatives of the firm of Kammerer and Reinhardt, which manufactured toys in the town of Waltershausen. They offered to place small discs and small hand-turned machines on the toy market. Berliner agreed, and as a consequence, for several years five-inch "Berliner Grammophon" records were manufactured in Germany and a number of them were exported to England. Some of the first discs were made of celluloid, while later issues were pressed in hard rubber. The whole operation was on a very small scale, however, and today these little discs are very rare indeed. Retu...
In 1898 came the first of the illegal competitors attracted by the financial success of Berliner's invention, the Wonder machine and record made by the Standard Talking Machine Company. One of the few existing catalogs of their records, in the Library of Congress's collections, shows that a Wonder record was simply a copy of a Berliner record but with the numeral "1" added to the disc number. This obvious infringer of Berliner's patents was soon put out of business. A more serious challenge came the following year when advertisements appeared for the Vitaphone disc and machine made by the American Talking Machine Company under rights from the American Graphophone Company. But the lawyers for the Berliner Gramophone Company pointed out that the graphophone patents covered vertical cuts while the Vitaphone's lateral cuts were an infringement of Berliner's patent. The Vitaphone was closed down but not until it had sold a considerable number of what were for the most part original recor...
Berliner left one other legacy to the record industry. On a trip to London in 1899, Berliner visited the offices of the London branch. There he noticed a painting hanging on the wall of a small dog with cocked head posed in front of Johnson's gramophone machine. The little terrier was listening to his master's voice coming from the horn. It had been painted by an English artist named Francis Barraud using his own little dog Nipper as the model. Berliner contacted Barraud and asked him to make a copy. Berliner brought the copy back to the U.S. and immediately sought a trademark for the painting. The trademark was granted by the Patent Office on July 10, 1900, just too late for Berliner to use it. However he let the Montreal Office use it and he passed it on to Eldridge R. Johnson, who began to print it on his Victor record catalogs and then on the paper labels of the discs. Then the gramophone branches overseas took it up and shortly "His Master's Voice" became one of the best-known...
History of Gramophone - Who invented Gramophone? History of sound recording and playback became forever change in 1850s with the discovery of first Phonautograph by the hands of French inventor Édouard-Léon Scott de Martinville , and his lifelong quest to obtain more knowledge about spoken and written human language.
Jun 02, 2020 · Who Invented Gramophone Or Phonograph First I want to inform you that Gramophone and Phonograph are not unique devices, they both are same. Thomas Ava Edison discovered it in 1877, but that machine is not a proper phonograph. It needs many improvements, that is why Alexander Graham Bell makes many changes and improvements in that machine.
Therefore, in 1887 Emile Berliner patented the first successful sound recorder and called it the gramophone. Unlike the previous two attempts, the gramophone did not record on cylinders, and instead used flat records made of glass. When recording, a small groove was etched into the disks' round surface.
1887 - Emile Berliner Invents The Gramophone And Records On November 8 1887, Emile Berliner, a German immigrant working in Washington D.C., patented a successful system of sound recording. Berliner was the first inventor to stop recording on cylinders and start recording on flat disks or records.
May 10, 2020 · Who Invented the Gramophone? In 1877, Thomas Edison came up with the concept of a device that would play back sound. He used a tinfoil design that could only play a recording one time. Edison’s phonograph was pretty much a bust when Alexander Graham Bell created a graphophone.
Edison wax cylinder phonograph, circa 1899 A phonograph, in its later forms also called a gramophone (as a trademark since 1887, as a generic name in the UK since 1910) or since the 1940s called a record player, is a device for the mechanical recording and reproduction of sound.
In 1877, Thomas Edison invented the phonograph. Unlike the phonautograph, it could both record and reproduce sound. Despite the similarity of name, there is no documentary evidence that Edison's phonograph was based on Scott's phonautograph.