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    Wisconsin (/ w ɪ ˈ s k ɒ n s ɪ n / ()) is a state in the upper Midwestern United States.Wisconsin is the 25th-largest state by total area and the 20th-most populous.It is bordered by Minnesota to the west, Iowa to the southwest, Illinois to the south, Lake Michigan to the east, Michigan to the northeast, and Lake Superior to the north.

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    The word Wisconsin comes from the name that one of the Algonquian speaking American Indian groups living in the area gave to the Wisconsin River. They named the Wisconsin River at the time that the European contact happened. Jacques Marquette, a French explorer, was the first European (or person from Europe) to get to the Wisconsin River and write ...

    Many people in Wisconsin go skiing, ice fishing and to snowmobile races. The Major League Baseball's Milwaukee Brewers are popular. Music events include the Summerfest. There is the Milwaukee Art Museum. Circle Sanctuary is the largest Wiccanorganization in the U.S.

    The Montreal River flows along the border of Wisconsin. Lake Superior and Michigan border Wisconsin to the north. Lake Michigan is to the east of Wisconsin, and Illinois is found directly south of Wisconsin. Other rivers that make up the border of Wisconsin include the Mississippi River and St. Croix Rivers to the west and the Menominee Riverto the...

    Wisconsin has cities and towns of many different sizes. Nearly 70 percent of people living in Wisconsin live in urban areas (cities like Milwaukee). 33 percent of the population of Wisconsin lives in the Greater Milwaukee area. Milwaukee is found at the northern end of a string of cities and towns along Lake Michigan. With almost 600,000 people liv...

    Map of Wisconsin at nationalatlas.gov Archived 2012-10-02 at the Wayback Machine
    U.S. Census Bureau Archived 2013-03-03 at the Wayback Machine
    Wisconsin state symbols Archived 2014-12-20 at the Wayback Machine
    • May 29, 1848 (30th)
    • United States
    • Wisconsin Territory
    • adison rae
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  3. Wisconsin. Para otros usos de este término, véase Wisconsin (desambiguación). /  44.5, -89.5. hab. Wisconsin es uno de los cincuenta estados que, junto con Washington D. C., forman los Estados Unidos de América. Su capital es Madison y su ciudad más poblada, Milwaukee. Se ubica en la región del Medio Oeste del país, división Centro ...

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    • Madison
    • Pre-Columbian History
    • Exploration and Colonization
    • The Territorial Period
    • Statehood
    • Civil War and Gilded Age
    • 20th Century
    • 21st Century
    • See Also
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    The first known inhabitants of what is now Wisconsin were Paleo-Indians, who first arrived in the region in about 10,000 BC at the end of the Ice Age. The retreating glaciers left behind a tundra in Wisconsin inhabited by large animals, such as mammoths, mastodons, bison, giant beaver, and muskox. The Boaz mastodon and the Clovis artifacts discover...

    French period

    The first European known to have landed in Wisconsin was Jean Nicolet. In 1634, Samuel de Champlain, governor of New France, sent Nicolet to contact the Ho-Chunk people, make peace between them and the Huron and expand the fur trade, and possibly to also find a water route to Asia. Accompanied by seven Huron guides, Nicolet left New France and canoed through Lake Huron and Lake Superior, and then became the first European known to have entered Lake Michigan. Nicolet proceeded into Green Bay,...

    The Second Fox War

    In the 1720s, the anti-French Fox tribe, led by war chief Kiala, raided French settlements on the Mississippi River and disrupted French trade on Lake Michigan. From 1728 to 1733, the Fox fought against the French-supported Potawatomi, Ojibwa, Huron and Ottawa tribes. In 1733, Kiala was captured and sold into slavery in the West Indiesalong with other captured Fox. Before the war, the Fox tribe numbered 1500, but by 1733, only 500 Fox were left. As a result, the Fox joined the Sauk people. Th...

    The British period

    The British gradually took over Wisconsin during the French and Indian War, taking control of Green Bay in 1761, gaining control of all of Wisconsin in 1763, and annexing the area to the Province of Quebec in 1774. Like the French, the British were interested in little but the fur trade. One notable event in the fur trading industry in Wisconsin occurred in 1791, when two free African Americans set up a fur trading post among the Menominee at present day Marinette. The first permanent settler...

    The United States acquired Wisconsin in the Treaty of Paris (1783). Massachusetts claimed the territory east of the Mississippi River between the present-day Wisconsin-Illinois border and present-day La Crosse, Wisconsin. Virginia claimed the territory north of La Crosse to Lake Superior and all of present-day Minnesota east of the Mississippi Rive...

    By the mid-1840s, the population of Wisconsin Territory had exceeded 150,000, more than twice the number of people required for Wisconsin to become a state. In 1846, the territorial legislature voted to apply for statehood. That fall, 124 delegates debated the state constitution. The document produced by this convention was considered extremely pro...

    Civil War

    Wisconsin enrolled 91,379 men in the Union Army during the American Civil War. 272 of enlisted Wisconsin men were African American, and the rest were white. Of these, 3,794 were killed in action or mortally wounded, 8,022 died of disease, and 400 were killed in accidents. The total mortality was 12,216 men, about 13.4 percent of total enlistments. Many soldiers trained at Camp Randall currently the site of the University of Wisconsin's athletic stadium. The draft implemented by President Linc...

    The early 20th century was also notable for the emergence of progressive politics championed by Robert M. La Follette. Between 1901 and 1914, Progressive Republicans in Wisconsin created the nation's first comprehensive statewide primary election system, the first effective workplace injury compensation law, and the first state income tax, making t...

    In 2011, Wisconsin became the focus of some controversy when newly elected governor Scott Walker proposed and then successfully passed and enacted 2011 Wisconsin Act 10, which made large changes in the areas of collective bargaining, compensation, retirement, health insurance, and sick leave of public sector employees, among other changes. A series...

    Surveys

    1. Buenker, John. "Wisconsin: As Maverick, Model, and Microcosm" in James H. Madison, ed. (1988). Heartland: Comparative Histories of the Midwestern States. Indiana University Press. pp. 59–85. ISBN 9780253205766.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link) 2. Campbell, Henry C. Wisconsin in Three Centuries, 1684-1905 (4 vols.: 1, 2, 3, 4, 1906), highly detailed popular history 3. Conant, James K. Wisconsin Politics And Government: America's Laboratory of Democracy(2006) 4. Current, Richard. Wi...

    Detailed scholarly studies

    1. Anderson, Theodore A. A Century of Banking in Wisconsin(1954) 2. Braun, John A. Together in Christ: A History of the Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod(2000) 3. Brøndal, Jørn. Ethnic Leadership and Midwestern Politics: Scandinavian Americans and the Progressive Movement in Wisconsin, 1890–1914. (2004) ISBN 0-87732-095-0 4. Buenker, John D. The History of Wisconsin, Volume 4: The Progressive Era, 1893–1914. Madison: State Historical Society of Wisconsin, 1998. highly detailed history 5. B...

    Primary sources

    1. Wisconsin Electronic Readerfull text of many primary source books 2. The Badger State: A documentary history of Wisconsin(1979) 3. La Follette's Autobiography, a personal narrative of political experiences, 1913

    • Overview
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    • Legislature

    The Territory of Wisconsin was an organized incorporated territory of the United States that existed from July 3, 1836, until May 29, 1848, when an eastern portion of the territory was admitted to the Union as the State of Wisconsin. Belmont was initially chosen as the capital of the territory. In 1837, the territorial legislature met in Burlington...

    There are irregularities in the historical timeline at the outset of the Territory. After Congress refused Michigan's petition for statehood, despite meeting the requirements specified in the Northwest Ordinance, the people of Michigan authorized its constitution in October 1835 and began self-governance at that time. Yet, Michigan did not enter th...

    The Legislative Assembly of the Wisconsin Territory consisted of a council and representatives. The first session of the First Legislative Assembly convened at Belmont, Iowa County, on October 25, and adjourned December 9, 1836. The Council at that time had 14 seats, and was presided over by Henry Baird of Brown County. There were 26 representative...

    • Legislative Assembly of the Territory of Wisconsin
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