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  1. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › World_War_IWorld War I - Wikipedia

    World War I Clockwise from the top: The road to Bapaume in the aftermath of the Battle of the Somme, 1916 British Mark V tanks crossing the Hindenburg Line, 1918 HMS Irresistible sinking after hitting a mine in the Dardanelles, 1915 A British Vickers machine gun crew wearing gas masks during the Battle of the Somme, 1916 German Albatros D.III biplane fighters near Douai, France, 1917 Date 28 ...

    • Background
    • Germany Against Russia
    • United Kingdom Against Germany
    • Ottoman Empire
    • Bulgaria Against Serbia and Greece
    • Trench Warfare
    • Airplanes
    • United States Against Germany
    • Russian Revolutions
    • Treaty of Versailles

    By 1914, trouble was on the rise in Europe, and many countries feared invasion from others. For example, Germany was becoming increasingly powerful, and the British Empiresaw that as a threat. Countries formed alliances to protect themselves, but that divided them into two groups. Germany and Austria-Hungary had been allies since 1879 and formed th...

    Germany was afraid that because Austria-Hungary had attacked Serbia, Russia would attack Austria-Hungary to help Serbia. That made Germany feel that it had to help Austria-Hungary by attacking Russia first. The problem was that Russia was allied to France, and the Germans thought that the French might attack them to help Russia. That made Germany d...

    The United Kingdom quickly joined the war and said that it was to protect Belgian neutrality. Germany passed through Belgium to reach Paris before Russia could mobilize and open up a second front. On August 4, 1914, the British declared war against Germany in support of Belgium. The British Empire was larger than any other empire and ruled over a q...

    The Ottomans joined the war because they were secretly allied to Germany, and two Ottoman warships, manned by German Navy personnel, bombarded Russian towns. Britain fought against the Ottomans only for supporting Germany and had no other problem with them. However, by fighting them in the Mesopotamia region in what is now Iraq, in the Arabian Peni...

    Bulgaria, like Greece and Serbia, had been part of the Ottoman Empire but later became independent. Bulgaria claimed a lot of Ottoman land. The Serbians and the Greeks felt cheated because they felt that the land belonged to them and took back the land. That angered Bulgaria and led to it becoming an Ottoman ally. Bulgaria declared war on Serbia an...

    Trench warfare killed many soldiers. New weapons, such as machine guns, and long-range artillery had an increased rate of fire that cut down huge numbers of soldiers during mass charges, a tactic left over from older warfare. The men on both sides took spades and dug holes because they did not want to be killed. The holes joined up into trenches un...

    Airplanes were first used extensively in World War I. They were first used for reconnaissance, and pictures of enemy land were taken to help direct artillery. Generals, who are military leaders, were using airplanes as an important part of their attack plans at the end of the war. World War I showed that airplanes could be important war weapons. Ai...

    The German leaders decided to use submarines, called U-boats, from the German word Unterseeboot (meaning "underwater boat"). The U-boats attacked passenger ships such as RMS Lusitania carrying civilians to the United Kingdom. They did not follow the laws of warbecause the British could easily destroy them otherwise. America was selling weapons to G...

    The defeat of Russia on the Eastern Front caused unrest there, which led to the Russian Revolutions. They made Russia fight both Germany and the Bolsheviksat the same time. That meant Russia wanted to end the war against Germany. That made Russia want to pay many German marks to make stop the fighting between it and Germany so that it could focus o...

    After the war, the Germans had to agree to the Treaty of Versailles, which stated that Germany had to pay approximately $31.5 billion in reparationsand had to take full responsibility for the war. Also, the countries of the world were to come together to make an international organization to stop future wars: the League of Nations. The United State...

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  3. 1.4 First Moroccan Crisis, 1905–06: Strengthening the Entente. 1.5 Bosnian Crisis, 1908: Worsening relations of Russia and Serbia with Austria-Hungary. 1.6 Agadir crisis in Morocco, 1911. 1.7 Italo-Turkish War: Isolation of the Ottomans, 1911–1912. 1.8 Balkan Wars, 1912–13: Growth of Serbian and Russian power.

  4. The World War I portal. World War I (abbreviated WWI ), also known as the First World War, the Great War and The War to End all Wars was a global military conflict that took place mostly in Europe between 1914 and 1918. The main combatants were the Allied Powers, led by France, the Russian Empire, the British Empire, Serbia, Belgium, and later ...

  5. July 15–17. Western. Champagne-Marne Offensive (consisting of the Fourth Battle of Champagne and the Battle of the Mountain of Reims ), a phase of the Second Battle of the Marne. last phase of the Spring Offensive and last German offensive of World War I. ( Details ) July 17. Politics.

  6. The United States declared war on the German Empire on April 6, 1917, nearly three years after World War I started. A ceasefire and Armistice was declared on November 11, 1918. Before entering the war, the U.S. had remained neutral, though it had been an important supplier to the United Kingdom, France, and the other powers of the Allies of ...

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