1931 (MCMXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1931st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 931st year of the 2nd millennium, the 31st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1930s decade.
Toby the Pup (1930-1931) Merrie Melodies (1931–1969) Scrappy (1931–1941) Tom and Jerry (Van Beuren) (1931–1933) Births. January 3 – Conrad Brooks, né Biedrzycki, American actor and producer (died 2017) January 5 – Robert Duvall, American actor and director; January 14 – Caterina Valente, French singer and actress
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- Pre-Code era scenes and censorship history
Frankenstein Theatrical release poster by Karoly Grosz Directed byJames Whale Produced byCarl Laemmle Jr. Screenplay byFrancis Edward Faragoh Garrett Fort Robert Florey John Russell Story byJohn L. Balderston Richard Schayer Based onFrankenstein by Mary Shelley Frankenstein by Peggy Webling Starring Colin Clive Mae Clarke John Boles Boris Karloff Dwight Frye Edward van Sloan Frederick Kerr Music byBernhard Kaun CinematographyArthur Edeson Edited byClarence Kolster Maurice Pivar Distributed byUni
Frankenstein begins with Edward Van Sloan stepping from behind a curtain to break the fourth wall and deliver a brief caution to the audience: How do you do? Mr. Carl Laemmle feels it would be a little unkind to present this picture without just a word of friendly warning: We are about to unfold the story of Frankenstein, a man of science who sought to create a man after his own image without reckoning upon God. It is one of the strangest tales ever told. It deals with the two great mysteries of
In 1930, Universal Studios had lost $2.2 million in revenues. Within 48 hours of its opening at New York's Roxy Theatre on February 12, 1931, Dracula starring Bela Lugosi had sold 50,000 tickets, building a momentum that culminated in a $700,000 profit, the largest of Universal's 1931 releases. As a result, the head of production, Carl Laemmle Jr., announced immediate plans for more horror films. Immediately following his success in Dracula, Lugosi had hoped to play Henry Frankenstein in Univers
The scene in which the Monster throws the little girl, Maria, into the lake and accidentally drowns her has long been controversial. Upon its original 1931 release, the second part of this scene was cut by state censorship boards in Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, and New York. Those states also objected to a line they considered blasphemous that occurred during Frankenstein's exuberance when he first learns that his creature is alive. The original relevant passage was: VICTOR: "Henry, in the name
The New York Times film critic Mordaunt Hall gave Frankenstein a very positive review. He said that the film "aroused so much excitement at the Mayfair yesterday that many in the audience laughed to cover their true feelings." "here is no denying that it is far and away the most effective thing of its kind. Beside it Dracula is tame and, incidentally, Dracula was produced by the same firm." Film Daily also lauded the picture, calling it a "gruesome, chill-producing and exciting drama" that was "
- Meteorological causes and physical consequences
- Death toll and damage
- Rebuilding of dikes at Lake Gaoyou
- Government reactions
The 1931 China floods, or the 1931 Yangtze–Huai River floods, were a series of floods that occurred from June to August 1931 in the Republic of China, hitting major cities such as Wuhan, Nanking and beyond, which eventually culminated into a dike breach along Lake Gaoyou on August 25, 1931. Fatality estimates vary widely. A field survey by University of Nanking led by John Lossing Buck immediately after the flood found "150,000 people had drowned, and that this number represented less...
From 1928 to 1930, China was afflicted by a long drought. The subsequent winter of 1930 was particularly harsh, creating large deposits of snow and ice in mountainous areas. In early 1931, melting snow and ice flowed downstream and arrived in the middle course of the Yangtze during a period of heavy spring rain. Ordinarily, the region experienced three periods of high water during the spring, summer and fall, respectively; however, in early 1931, there was a single continuous deluge. By June, th
At the time the government estimated that 25 million people had been affected by the flood. Historians since have suggested that the true number may have been as many as 53 million. Estimated death tolls also vary widely. Contemporary studies conducted by John Lossing Buck allege that at least 150,000 people had drowned in the first few months of the flood, with hundreds of thousands more dying of starvation and disease over the following year. Using contemporary media reports, Chinese historian
Thomas Harnsberger, a missionary of the Presbyterian Church in Taizhou, Jiangsu, was one of the two central figures who supervised the rebuilding of the dikes at Lake Gaoyou, as well as securing the funds for it. However, the flood remain widely unknown to the Chinese. Steve Harnsberger, the grandson of Thomas Harnsberger, wrote in 2007, "The 1931 flood killed 15 times the number of people lost in the Indonesian tsunamis of December 2004, and yet scarcely a word has been written of it. History f
The 1931 flood was one of the first major tests for the Kuomintang Government. As the scale of the disaster became apparent, the government established the National Flood Relief Commission under the auspices of T.V. Soong, a prominent politician in the Kuomintang and brother-in-l
In 1953, after the end of the Chinese Civil War, Chinese Communist Party leader Mao Zedong traveled to areas neighboring the Yangtze River to promote the Three Gorges Dam flood control project. "The Socialist Three Gorges Dam project should excel other major projects in Chinese h
- July–November 1931 (depending on river)
- Central and eastern China
The Front Page is a 1931 American pre-Code comedy-drama film directed by Lewis Milestone and starring Adolphe Menjou and Pat O'Brien.Based on a 1928 Broadway play of the same name by Ben Hecht and Charles MacArthur, the film was produced by Howard Hughes, written by Bartlett Cormack and Charles Lederer, and distributed by United Artists.
The CIE 1931 color spaces are the first defined quantitative links between distributions of wavelengths in the electromagnetic visible spectrum, and physiologically perceived colors in human color vision.
The Statute of Westminster 1931 is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom whose modified versions are now domestic law within Australia and Canada; it has been repealed in New Zealand and implicitly in former Dominions that are no longer Commonwealth realms.
M – A City Searches for a Murderer) is a 1931 German thriller film directed by Fritz Lang and starring Peter Lorre in his breakthrough role as Hans Beckert, a serial killer of children. An early example of a procedural drama , the film centers on the manhunt for Lorre’s character, conducted by both the police and the criminal underworld .
Dracula is a 1931 American pre-Code supernatural horror film directed and co-produced by Tod Browning from a screenplay written by Garrett Fort. It is based on the 1924 stage play Dracula by Hamilton Deane and John L. Balderston, which in turn is adapted from the 1897 novel Dracula by Bram Stoker.
8. huhtikuuta – Erik Axel Karlfeldt, vuoden 1931 Nobelin kirjallisuuspalkinnon saanut ruotsalainen kirjailija (s. 1864) 9. toukokuuta – Albert Abraham Michelson, vuoden 1907 Nobelin fysiikanpalkinnon saanut saksalais-yhdysvaltalainen fyysikko (Michelsonin–Morleyn koe) (s. 1852)