The term Albania is the medieval Latin name of the country. It may be derived from the Illyrian tribe of Albani (Albanian: Albanët) recorded by Ptolemy, the geographer and astronomer from Alexandria, who drafted a map in 150 AD which shows the city of Albanopolis located northeast of Durrës.
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The history of Albania forms a part of the history of Europe. During the classical times, Albania was home to several Illyrian tribes such as the Ardiaei, Albanoi, Amantini, Enchele, Taulantii and many others, but also Thracian and Greek tribes, as well as several Greek colonies established on the Illyrian coast.
Albania opened trade negotiations with France, Italy, and the recently independent Asian and African states, and in 1971 it normalised relations with Yugoslavia and Greece. Albania's leaders abhorred the contacts of China with the United States in the early 1970s, and its press and radio ignored President Richard Nixon's trip to Beijing in 1972.
London; New York: Centre for Albanian Studies. 2004. = Albania In the Twentieth Century, 1. ISBN 1845110137 ↑ Petrela 2014: Iris Petrela: Electoral systems in Europe and the case of Albania (with focus ont he current electoral code and general elections held in 2009). SEE Law Journal, I. évf. 1. sz. (2014) 35–44. o.
The historic neighbourhood of Arnavutköy (Albanian village) in Istanbul was established in the 15th century as the Sultan Mehmed the Conqueror brought Albanians to the city. Today, the Albanian people of Istanbul maintains a distinct Albanian identity and culture.
The Parliament of Albania (Albanian: Kuvendi i Shqipërisë) or Kuvendi is the unicameral representative body of the citizens of the Republic of Albania; it is Albania's legislature. The Parliament is composed of not less than 140 members elected to a four-year term on the basis of direct, universal, periodic and equal suffrage by secret ballot .
Albania (secara resmi Republika e Shqipërisë (Republik Albania) adalah sebuah negara yang terletak di Eropa bagian tenggara. Albania berbatasan dengan Montenegro di sebelah utara, Kosovo di timur laut, Republik Makedonia di timur, dan Yunani di selatan. Laut Adriatik terletak di sebelah barat Albania, sedangkan Laut Ionia di barat daya.
Zog I (Albanian: Naltmadhnija e tij Zogu I, Mbreti i Shqiptarëve, IPA: ; 8 October 1895 – 9 April 1961), born Ahmet Muhtar Zogolli, taking the surname Zogu in 1922, was the leader of Albania from 1922 to 1939.