- The term antibiotic was first used in 1942 by Selman Waksman and his collaborators in journal articles to describe any substance produced by a microorganism that is antagonistic to the growth of other microorganisms in high dilution.
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New antibiotics development Ceftolozane / tazobactam (CXA-201; CXA-101/tazobactam): Antipseudomonal cephalosporin / β-lactamase... Ceftazidime / avibactam (ceftazidime/NXL104): Antipseudomonal cephalosporin/β-lactamase inhibitor... Ceftaroline /avibactam (CPT-avibactam; ceftaroline/NXL104): Anti- ...
Antibiotics that cover methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA): Vancomycin. Teicoplanin. Linezolid. Daptomycin. Trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole. Doxycycline. Ceftobiprole (5th generation). Ceftaroline (5th generation). Clindamycin. Dalbavancin. Fusidic acid. Mupirocin (topical). ...
Antimicrobial resistance is the ability of a microbe to resist the effects of medication that once could successfully treat the microbe. The term antibiotic resistance is a subset of AMR, as it applies only to bacteria becoming resistant to antibiotics. Resistant microbes are more difficult to treat, requiring alternative medications or higher doses of antimicrobials. These approaches may be more expensive, more toxic or both. Microbes resistant to multiple antimicrobials are called multidrug re
Antibiotic use in livestock is the use of antibiotics for any purpose in the husbandry of livestock, which includes treatment when ill (therapeutic), treatment of a group of animals when at least one is diagnosed with clinical infection (metaphylaxis), and preventative treatment (prophylaxis).
♦ Bacteria in the culture on the right are resistant to most of the antibiotics. Antibiotics kill certain types of bacteria. Over time, those bacteria change to develop a resistance to the antibiotics. Called antibiotic resistance, this is one of the most serious problems facing modern surgery and medicine.
Aztreonam (Azactam): monobactam antibiotic used to treat gram-negative bacterial infections of the urinary and lower respiratory tracts and the female organs, and infections that are present throughout the body (systemic infections or septicemia). Cefepime (Maxipime), ceftazidime (Ceptaz, Fortaz, Tazicef, Tazidime),...
Tetracyclines are a group of broad-spectrum antibiotic compounds that have a common basic structure and are either isolated directly from several species of Streptomyces bacteria or produced semi-synthetically from those isolated compounds. Tetracycline molecules comprise a linear fused tetracyclic nucleus to which a variety of functional groups are attached. Tetracyclines are named for their four hydrocarbon rings derivation. They are defined as a subclass of polyketides, having an octahydrotet
Amoxicillin is an antibiotic often used for the treatment of a number of bacterial infections. These include middle ear infection, strep throat, pneumonia, skin infections, and urinary tract infections among others. It is taken by mouth, or less commonly by injection. Common adverse effects include nausea and rash.
Azithromycin is an antibiotic used for the treatment of a number of bacterial infections. This includes middle ear infections, strep throat, pneumonia, traveler's diarrhea, and certain other intestinal infections. It may also be used for a number of sexually transmitted infections, including chlamydia and gonorrhea infections.