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  1. Christopher Columbus [a] ( / kəˈlʌmbəs /; [3] born between 25 August and 31 October 1451, died 20 May 1506) was an Italian [b] explorer and navigator who completed four voyages across the Atlantic Ocean, opening the way for the widespread European exploration and colonization of the Americas. His expeditions, sponsored by the Catholic ...

    • Discovery of America
    • Voyage in 1483
    • Second Voyage
    • Third Voyage
    • Later Life
    • Personal Life
    • Columbus's Goals
    • After Columbus
    • Legacy

    Columbus was not the first European person to have discovered America. At the time of his voyage, Europeans did not know that the Americas existed. However, Leif Erikson, around 1000 AD had landed in present-day Canada. This discovery had no impact on European history and was not well documented. Columbus discovered America in the sense that he was...

    Many people in Western Europe wanted to find a shorter way to get to Asia. Columbus thought he could get to Asia by sailing west. He did not know about the Western Hemisphere, so he did not realize it would block him from getting to Asia. However, Columbus did not have enough money to pay for this voyage on his own. After defeating the Emirate of G...

    On September 24, 1493, Columbus left Spain with enough ships, supplies, and men to invade and make Spanish colonies in the New World. He had 17 ships and 1,200 men. These men included soldiers and farmers. There were also priests, whose job was to convert the natives to Christianity. On this voyage, Columbus explored some of the islands of the Less...

    Columbus went on another voyage in 1498. King John II of Portugal had said there was a continent to the south-west of the Cape Verde islands. On his third voyage, Columbus wanted to find this continent.Before the voyage, Queen Isabella reminded Columbus that he should treat all of the native people well and make them into Christians. On this voyage...

    On August 23, 1500 Columbus was arrested in Hispañola, now called Santo Domingo, for cruelty to natives and Spaniards. He was sent to Spain in chains in October 1500. He was released on December 25, 1500, and taken to court. Columbus had important friends, and the King restored his freedom. He was not made governor again, but eventually he was allo...

    Columbus's relatives said that Columbus was born in Genoa, Italy. Today, no historian can say for sure where Columbus was born. Most experts think the best evidence says he was born in Genoa. However, other historians think Columbus was born somewhere else, like Spain or Portugal. Some think he was originally a Jew who converted to Christianity. In...

    Columbus had a few different goals for his journeys to the New World. First, he believed he could find a shorter and easier route to Asia, which made things Europe did not. He believed he could find a shorter route to China. Other people had called this belief absurd. Columbus wanted to prove these people wrong. Second, Columbus wanted to find gold...

    When the Spanish learned about the New World, many conquistadors, or conquerors, went there. This led to the Spanish colonization of the Americas. The Spanish conquistadors first settled on the islands of Hispaniola (now the Dominican Republic and Haiti), Cuba, and Puerto Rico. They grabbed as much gold as they could. The Spanish also brought pries...

    In the United States, Columbus Day is a holidaythat celebrates Columbus's arrival in the New World on October 12, 1492. The World's Columbian Exposition, which happened in 1893 in Chicago, Illinois, was held to celebrate the 400th anniversaryof Columbus visiting the Americas.

  2. Voyages of Christopher Columbus. Between 1492 and 1504, Italian explorer Christopher Columbus led four Spanish transatlantic maritime expeditions of discovery to the Americas. These voyages led to the widespread knowledge of the New World. This breakthrough inaugurated the period known as the Age of Discovery, which saw the colonization of the ...

    • 1492, 1493, 1498 & 1502
    • European rediscovery and colonization of the Americas
    • The Americas
    • Christopher Columbus and Castilian crew (among others)
    • Baggrund
    • Første opdagelsesrejse
    • Anden Rejse
    • Tredje Rejse
    • Fjerde Rejse
    • Sidste år
    • Efterkommere
    • Arven efter Columbus
    • Se også
    • Eksterne Henvisninger

    Tyve byer i Spanien og femten i Italien siges at påstå, at Columbus blev født i deres by. Selv oplyste han i sit testamente, at han var født i Genova. Han bevilgede nemlig penge til byen, så der altid skulle stå et hus der, hvor medlemmer af familien Columbus kunne bo, for "jeg rejste fra den by, og dér var det, jeg blev født". Hans far, der hed Do...

    I Spanien slog Columbus sig ned i Huelva, i franciskanerklostret La Rábida, hvor munkene kunne tage hånd om hans søn. Abbeden, Juan Pérez, var en ungdomsven af dronning Isabella, og nu en af hendes skriftefædre. Gennem klostret skaffede Columbus sig vigtige støttespillere, og i januar 1486 ankom han Cordoba for at fremlægge for kongeparret sine pla...

    Columbus gjorde sig hurtigt klar til en ny tur, og 24. september 1493 drog han af sted, denne gang fra Cádiz med hele 17 skibe og 1.200 mænd, deriblandt broren Diego og 200 adelsmænd. Det var den største enkeltstående ekspedition, der nogensinde havde forladt Europa. 3. november opdagede de en ø, og da det var søndag, fik den navnet Dominica (i De ...

    To år senere drog Columbus igen mod vest med afrejse 30. maj 1498. Da det var hans tredje rejse, satte han den i Treenighedens tegn. De to første af de i alt otte skibe var allerede rejst i januar 1497, medbringende de første spanske kvinder til Den nye verden. Denne gang fik Columbus i opdrag at undersøge farvandene ned mod ækvator. Ifølge Aristot...

    Columbus’ fjerde og sidste rejse mod vest startede 11. maj 1502 med ankomst på Martinique 15. juni. Hensigten var at møde da Gama på det indiske fastland, og Columbus medbragte et brev fra kongeparret, som han skulle overrække da Gama under en planlagt ceremoni på den anden side af Jorden. Ellers skulle han lede efter guld, sølv, ædelstene og krydd...

    Allerede i 1499 fik andre end Columbus ret til at krydse havet. De fleste ekspeditionsledere var hensynsløse militære og eventyrere, der kun var ude efter at berige sig. I 1505 fik Columbus besøg i Sevilla af sin ven Amerigo Vespucci, der havde skrevet en beretning om sin rejse i Venezuela. I begejstring over bogen foreslog videnskabsmanden Martin ...

    Hans brødre Bartolomeo og Diego vendte tilbage til Vestindien. Hans yngste søn Fernando blev præst og samlede et af samtidens største biblioteker med over 12.000 bind, mens den ældre Diego indledte en retssag mod kronen. Processen varede i over 50 år. Diegos søn Luis var en døgenigt, der ødslede familieformuen væk, indtil hans mor afbrød retssagen ...

    Columbus efterlod sig ca. tyve breve og et stort antal notater i de bøger, han læste. Ingen af hans dagbøger er bevaret i original. Sønnen Fernando, der var sytten år ved sin fars død, skrev en biografi om faren tredive år senere, men den findes kun i en italiensk oversættelse fra 1571. I lighed med Columbus var de efterfølgende conquistadorer opta...

    Christoffer Columbus på gravsted.dk
    Carl V. Sølver: "Columbus" (Geografisk Tidsskrift, Bind 45; 1942)
    Christoffer Columbus på Curlie (som bygger videre på Open Directory Project)
    Colúmbus, Christoffer i Salmonsens Konversationsleksikon(2. udgave, 1916), forfattet af C. Andersen
  3. Original release. 7 March 1985. ( 1985-03-07) (Italy) 19 May 1985. ( 1985-05-19) (US) Christopher Columbus is a television miniseries broadcast in Italy and the United States in 1985. In six hours, the series told the story of the life of Christopher Columbus, with Gabriel Byrne starring as the explorer.

  4. Christopher Columbus's journal (Diario) is a diary and logbook written by Christopher Columbus about his first voyage. The journal covers events from 3 August 1492, when Columbus departed from Palos de la Frontera, to 15 March 1493 and includes a prologue addressing the sovereigns. Several contemporary references confirm Columbus kept a journal ...

  5. A History of the Life and Voyages of Christopher Columbus is a fictional biographical account of Christopher Columbus written by Washington Irving in 1828. It was published in four volumes in Britain and in three volumes in the United States. [1] [2] [3] The work was the most popular treatment of Columbus in the English-speaking world until the ...

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