The satiric purpose of the comedy of humours and its realistic method lead to more serious character studies with Jonson’s 1610 play The Alchemist. The humours each had been associated with physical and mental characteristics; the result was a system that was quite subtle in its capacity for describing types of personality.
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Humour (British English) or humor (American English; see spelling differences) is the tendency of experiences to provoke laughter and provide amusement.The term derives from the humoral medicine of the ancient Greeks, which taught that the balance of fluids in the human body, known as humours (Latin: humor, "body fluid"), controlled human health and emotion.
Similarly scatological humor, sexual humor, and race humor create comedy by violating social conventions or taboos in comic ways. A comedy of manners typically takes as its subject a particular part of society (usually upper-class society) and uses humor to parody or satirize the behavior and mannerisms of its members.
The "four humours" entry on wikipedia is fairly rich. Even if this were so, breaking character types according to a gross physical trait falls under the umbrella of archetypal literary criticism or dream interpretation, at worst, common medical practice of the time, likely, and possibly modern narrative writing practice.
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Screwball comedy derives its humor largely from bizarre, surprising (and improbable) situations or characters. Black comedy is defined by dark humor that makes light of so-called dark or evil elements in human nature. Similarly scatological humor, sexual humor, and race humor create comedy by violating social conventions or taboos in comedic ways.
Black comedy, also known as black humour, dark humor, dark comedy, morbid humor, or gallows humor, is a style of comedy that makes light of subject matter that is generally considered taboo, particularly subjects that are normally considered serious or painful to discuss.
Comedy of Humours was introduced by Ben Jonson, in English Drama. The Comedy of Humours was the natural expression of his genius. The term ‘humour’ as used by Ben Jonson is based on an ancient physiological theory of four fluids found in the human body.
Comedy of humours, a dramatic genre most closely associated with the English playwright Ben Jonson from the late 16th century. The term derives from the Latin humor (more properly umor), meaning “liquid,” and its use in the medieval and Renaissance medical theory that the human body held a balance
The satiric purpose of the comedy of humours and its realistic method lead to more serious character studies with Jonson’s The Alchemist. The humours each had been associated with physical and mental characteristics; the result was a system that was quite subtle in its capacity for describing types of personality.
Restoration comedy, which was influenced by Ben Jonson's comedy of humours, made fun of affected wit and acquired follies of the time. The masterpieces of the genre were the plays of William Wycherley ( The Country Wife , 1675) and William Congreve ( The Way of the World , 1700).