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      • From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia For other uses, see Diarrhea (disambiguation). Diarrhea, also spelled diarrhoea, is the condition of having at least three loose, liquid, or watery bowel movements each day. It often lasts for a few days and can result in dehydration due to fluid loss.
      en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diarrhea#:~:text=From%20Wikipedia%2C%20the%20free%20encyclopedia%20For%20other%20uses%2C,can%20result%20in%20dehydration%20due%20to%20fluid%20loss.
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  2. Diarrhea - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diarrhea

    Diarrhea, also spelled diarrhoea, is the condition of having at least three loose, liquid, or watery bowel movements each day. It often lasts for a few days and can result in dehydration due to fluid loss. Signs of dehydration often begin with loss of the normal stretchiness of the skin and irritable behaviour.

    • Usually infection (viral, bacterial, parasitic)
    • Loose frequent bowel movements, dehydration
  3. Chronic diarrhea of infancy - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chronic_diarrhea_of_infancy

    Diarrhea is separated into three clinical categories; acute diarrhea may last multiple hours or days, acute bloody diarrhea, also known as dysentery, and finally, chronic or persistent diarrhea which lasts 2-4 weeks or more. There is normal growth with no evidence of malnutrition in the child experiencing persistent diarrhea.

    • Toddler's diarrhea
    • Pediatrics
  4. Diarrhea is not a disease. But it may be a symptom of a disease. The most common causes of diarrhea are: Viruses, like Norovirus (the most common cause of viral gastroenteritis —"stomach flu"—in humans)

  5. Travelers' diarrhea - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Traveler's_diarrhea
    • Overview
    • Signs and symptoms
    • Causes
    • Prevention
    • Treatment
    • Epidemiology

    Travelers' diarrhea is a stomach and intestinal infection. TD is defined as the passage of unformed stool while traveling. It may be accompanied by abdominal cramps, nausea, fever, and bloating. Occasionally bloody diarrhea may occur. Most travelers recover within four days with little or no treatment. About 10% of people may have symptoms for a week. Bacteria are responsible for more than half of cases. The bacteria enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli are typically the most common except in Southe

    The onset of TD usually occurs within the first week of travel, but may occur at any time while traveling, and even after returning home, depending on the incubation period of the infectious agent. Bacterial TD typically begins abruptly, but Cryptosporidium may incubate for seven days, and Giardia for 14 days or more, before symptoms develop. Typically, a traveler experiences four to five loose or watery bowel movements each day. Other commonly associated symptoms are abdominal cramping, bloatin

    The primary source of infection is ingestion of fecally contaminated food or water. Attack rates are similar for men and women. The most important determinant of risk is the traveler's destination. High-risk destinations include developing countries in Latin America, Africa, the

    Travelers often get diarrhea from eating and drinking foods and beverages that have no adverse effects on local residents. This is due to immunity that develops with constant, repeated exposure to pathogenic organisms. The extent and duration of exposure necessary to acquire immu

    Recommendations include avoidance of questionable foods and drinks, on the assumption that TD is fundamentally a sanitation failure, leading to bacterial contamination of drinking water and food. While the effectiveness of this strategy has been questioned, given that travelers h

    Although safe bottled water is now widely available in most remote destinations, travelers can treat their own water if necessary, or as an extra precaution. Techniques include boiling, filtering, chemical treatment, and ultraviolet light; boiling is by far the most effective of

    Bismuth subsalicylate four times daily reduces rates of travelers' diarrhea. Though many travelers find a four-times-per-day regimen inconvenient, lower doses have not been shown to be effective. Potential side effects include black tongue, black stools, nausea, constipation, and

    Most cases of TD are mild and resolve in a few days without treatment, but severe or protracted cases may result in significant fluid loss and dangerous electrolytic imbalance. Dehydration due to diarrhea can also alter the effectiveness of medicinal and contraceptive drugs. Adequate fluid intake is therefore a high priority. Commercial rehydration drinks are widely available; alternatively, purified water or other clear liquids are recommended, along with salty crackers or oral rehydration salt

    An estimated 10 million people—20 to 50% of international travelers—develop TD each year. It is more common in the developing world, where rates exceed 60%, but has been reported in some form in virtually every travel destination in the world.

    • Travellers' diarrhoea, tourist diarrhea, traveler's dysentery
    • Unformed stool while traveling, fever, abdominal cramps
  6. Dysentery - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bloody_diarrhea
    • Overview
    • Signs and symptoms
    • Mechanism
    • Diagnosis
    • Prevention
    • Treatment

    Dysentery is a type of gastroenteritis that results in diarrhea with blood. Other symptoms may include fever, abdominal pain, and a feeling of incomplete defecation. Complications may include dehydration. The cause of dysentery is usually the bacteria Shigella, in which case it is known as shigellosis, or the amoeba Entamoeba histolytica. Other causes may include certain chemicals, other bacteria, other protozoa, or parasitic worms. It may spread between people. Risk factors include contaminatio

    The most common form of dysentery is bacillary dysentery, which is typically a mild sickness, causing symptoms normally consisting of mild gut pains and frequent passage of stool or diarrhea. Symptoms normally present themselves after 1–3 days, and are usually no longer present after a week. The frequency of urges to defecate, the large volume of liquid feces ejected, and the presence of blood, mucus, or pus depends on the pathogen causing the disease. Temporary lactose intolerance can ...

    Dysentery results from bacterial, or parasitic infections. Viruses do not generally cause the disease. These pathogens typically reach the large intestine after entering orally, through ingestion of contaminated food or water, oral contact with contaminated objects or hands, and so on. Each specific pathogen has its own mechanism or pathogenesis, but in general, the result is damage to the intestinal linings, leading to the inflammatory immune responses. This can cause elevated physical temperat

    A diagnosis may be made by taking a history and doing a brief examination. Dysentery should not be confused with hematochezia, which is the passage of fresh blood through the anus, usually in or with stools.

    Efforts to prevent dysentery include hand washing and food safety measures while traveling in areas of high risk.

    Dysentery is managed by maintaining fluids using oral rehydration therapy. If this treatment cannot be adequately maintained due to vomiting or the profuseness of diarrhea, hospital admission may be required for intravenous fluid replacement. In ideal situations, no antimicrobial therapy should be administered until microbiological microscopy and culture studies have established the specific infection involved. When laboratory services are not available, it may be necessary to administer a combi

  7. Gastroenteritis - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gastroenteritis

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Gastroenteritis, also known as infectious diarrhea and gastro, is inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract —the stomach and small intestine. Symptoms may include diarrhea, vomiting and abdominal pain. Fever, lack of energy and dehydration may also occur.

  8. Irritable bowel syndrome - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Irritable_bowel_syndrome

    IBS can be classified as diarrhea -predominant (IBS-D), constipation -predominant (IBS-C), with alternating stool pattern (IBS-A) or pain-predominant. In some individuals, IBS may have an acute onset and develop after an infectious illness characterized by two or more of: fever, vomiting, diarrhea, or positive stool culture.

  9. Cholera - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cholera

    Cholera is an infection of the small intestine by some strains of the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. Symptoms may range from none, to mild, to severe. The classic symptom is large amounts of watery diarrhea that lasts a few days. Vomiting and muscle cramps may also occur.

  10. Colestyramine - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cholestyramine

    The primary, idiopathic form of bile acid diarrhea is a common cause of chronic functional diarrhea, often misdiagnosed as diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-D), and most of these patients respond to colestyramine. It is beneficial in the treatment of postcholecystectomy syndrome chronic diarrhea.

  11. Diarrhea: 15 Common Causes and How To Treat It

    www.webmd.com/.../digestive-diseases-diarrhea

    When you have diarrhea, your bowel movements (or stools) are loose and watery. It’s common and usually not serious. Many people get diarrhea a few times a year. It normally lasts 2 to 3 days.

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