Commodore Esek Hopkins / ˈ iː ˌ z ɛ k / (April 26, 1718 – February 26, 1802) was the only Commander in Chief of the Continental Navy during the American Revolutionary War.He was also an accomplished merchant captain and privateer.
- Early life and career
Esek Hopkins was born in Scituate, in the Colony of Rhode...
- Revolutionary War service
Hopkins was appointed a brigadier general to command all...
- After the Revolution and legacy
Hopkins was a founding member of the Society of the...
- Early life and career
SS Esek Hopkins was a Liberty ship built in the United States during World War II. She was named after Esek Hopkins, the only Commander in Chief of the Continental Navy during the American Revolutionary War. He was also an accomplished merchant captain and privateer.
Esek Hopkins was born in Scituate, in the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations.Before the Revolutionary War he had sailed to nearly every quarter of the earth, commanded a privateer in the French and Indian War, and served as a deputy to the Rhode Island General Assembly.
- Early Life and Career
- Revolutionary War Service
- After The Revolution and Legacy
- Further Reading
Esek Hopkins was born in Scituate, Rhode Island. Before the Revolutionary War he had sailed to nearly every quarter of the earth, commanded a privateer in the French and Indian War, and served as a deputy to the Rhode Island General Assembly. Appointed a brigadier general to command all military forces of Rhode Island in October 4, 1775, he immediately began to strengthen Rhode Island's defenses with the help of his deputy, William West. A few months later, December 22, 1775, Hopkins was appointed Commander in Chief of the Continental Navy authorized by the Continental Congress to protect American commerce. In September 1764, during his time as a privateer and merchant, Hopkins took command of the slave ship Sally, owned by Nicholas Brown and Company. Hopkins had no prior experience in operating a slave trading vessel at the time, and the 15 month voyage would result in disaster with 109 out of 196 slaves dying after being acquired. In late 1765, the Sally arrived at its first tradi...
On January 5, 1776, Congress gave Hopkins his set of orders. "You are instructed with the utmost diligence to proceed with the said fleet to sea and if the winds and weather will possibly admit of it to proceed directly for Chesapeake Bay in Virginia and when nearly arrived there you will send forward a small swift sailing vessel to gain intelligence....If...you find that they are not greatly superior to your own you are immediately to enter the said bay, search out and attack, take or destroy all the naval force of our enemies that you may find there. If you should be so fortunate as to execute this business successfully in Virginia you are then to proceed immediately to the southward and make yourself master of such forces as the enemy may have both in North and South Carolina...Notwithstanding these particular orders, which it is hoped you will be able to execute, if bad winds, or stormy weather, or any other unforeseen accident or disaster disenable you so to do, you are then to...
Hopkins was a founding member of the Society of the Cincinnati. He was highly respected in Rhode Island and continued to serve the Rhode Island General Assembly through 1786, then retired to his farm where he died February 26, 1802. His home, the Esek Hopkins House, is now listed on the National Register of Historic Places. See USS Hopkinsfor ships named in his honor.
Hopkins was the brother of Rhode Island governor Stephen Hopkins, a signer of the Declaration of Independence and first Brown chancellor in conjunction with the tenure of president James Manning.Hopkins married to Desire Burroughs (1724-1794) in November 1741. The marriage produced 9 children, including John Burroughs Hopkins (1742-1796), a participant in the Gaspee Affair, who later became a captain in the Continental Navy and Susannah Hopkins (1756-1850), who married Jonathan Maxcy, a Baptist minister and second president of the formerly Baptist affiliated Brown University which was then known as the College of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations.Field, Edward (1898). Esek Hopkins, commander-in-chief of the continental navy during the American Revolution, 1775 to 1778: master mariner, politician, brigadier general, naval officer and philant...United States Navy, Board of the Eastern Dept, William Vernon, Rhode Island Historical Society (1901). Papers of William Vernon and the Navy board, 1776-1794. Snow & Farnham, printers. http://books...Charles H. Miller, Admiral Number One, some incidents in the life of Esek Hopkins, 1718-1802 First Admiral of the Continental Navy. The William-Frederick Press, 1962James C. Bradford, Quarterdeck and Bridge: Two Centuries of American Naval Leaders(Annapolis, Maryland: U.S. Naval Institute, 1997)Craig L. Symonds, The Naval Institute Historical Atlas of the U.S. Navy (Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 2001)Kenneth J. Hagan, In Peace and War (Westport, CT: Praeger Security International, 2008)
- (1718-04-26)April 26, 1718
- Providence, Rhode Island
- February 26, 1802(1802-02-26) (aged 83)
- United States, Continental Navy
Esek Hopkins (Scituate, 26 aprile 1718 – 26 febbraio 1802) è stato un ammiraglio statunitense, comandante in capo della Marina Continentale durante la guerra di indipendenza americana
The Battle of Block Island was a naval skirmish which took place in the waters off Rhode Island during the American Revolutionary War.The Continental Navy under the command of Commodore Esek Hopkins was returning from a successful raid on Nassau when it encountered HMS Glasgow, a Royal Navy dispatch boat.
Esek Hopkins nació en Scituate, en la colonia de Rhode Island y las Plantaciones de Providence. Antes de la Guerra Revolucionaria americana , había navegado a casi todas partes de la tierra, comandó un corsario en la Guerra franco-india , y se desempeñó como diputado de la Asamblea General de Rhode Island .
Esek Hopkins, first commodore of the United States Navy in the period of the American Revolution (1775–83). Hopkins, who went to sea at the age of 20, proving his ability as a seaman and trader, and a marriage into wealth put him at the head of a large merchant fleet prior to the French and Indian
Commodore Esek Hopkins (April 26, 1718 – February 26, 1802) was the only Commander in Chief of the Continental Navy during the American Revolutionary War. He was also an accomplished merchant captain and privateer. ==Early life and career== Esek Hopkins was born in Scituate, Rhode Island.