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  1. Guitar - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guitar

    The guitar is a fretted musical instrument that usually has six strings. It is typically played with both hands by strumming or plucking the strings with either a guitar pick or the fingers/fingernails of one hand, while simultaneously fretting (pressing the strings against the frets) with the fingers of the other hand.

    • 321.322, (Composite chordophone)
  2. Electric guitar - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electric_guitar

    An electric guitar is a guitar that requires external amplification in order to be heard at typical performance volumes. It uses one or more pickups to convert the vibration of its strings into electrical signals, which ultimately are reproduced as sound by loudspeakers.

    • Guitar, solid-body guitar
    • 321.322, (Composite chordophone)
  3. Acoustic guitar - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acoustic_guitar
    • Overview
    • History
    • Amplification
    • Types

    An acoustic guitar is a musical instrument in the guitar family. Its strings vibrate a sound board on a resonant body to project a sound wave through the air. The original, general term for this stringed instrument is guitar, and the retronym 'acoustic guitar' distinguishes it from an electric guitar, which relies on electronic amplification. Typically, a guitar's body is a sound box, of which the top side serves as a sound board that enhances the vibration sounds of the strings. In standard tun

    The guitar is an ancient instrument, whose history can be traced back into ancient Mesopotamia and Sumer. Many theories have been proposed about the instrument's ancestry, but the modern acoustic guitar comes from a long progression of stringed musical instruments. It has often been claimed that the guitar is a development of the medieval instrument vihuela, which evolved from the ancient lute. Gitterns, were the first small, guitar-like instruments created during the Spanish Middle Ages with a

    Classical gut-string guitars lacked adequate projection, and were unable to displace banjos until innovations introduced helped to increase their volume. Two important innovations were introduced by United States firm C.F. Martin: steel strings and the increasing of the guitar top area; the popularity of Martin's larger "dreadnought" body size among acoustic performers is related to the greater sound volume produced. These innovations allowed guitars to compete with and often displace the banjos

    Historical and modern acoustic guitars are extremely varied in their design and construction, far more so than electric guitars. Some of the most important varieties are the classical guitar, steel-string acoustic guitar and lap steel guitar.

    • 13th century
    • 321.322, (Composite Chordophone)
  4. Gitár – Wikipédia

    hu.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gitár

    A gitár húrjainak feszítettsége miatt a viszonylag vékony és hosszú nyak komoly statikai igénybevételnek van kitéve. A klasszikus gitár húrjai kb. 40 kilogramm súlynak megfelelő, a fémhúros gitároké majdnem kétszer ennyi, a 12 húros gitároké 100 kilogramm körüli terhelést képviselnek.

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    • Gitáros
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  6. Bass guitar - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bass_guitar

    The bass guitar, electric bass, or simply bass, is the lowest-pitched member of the guitar family. It is a plucked string instrument similar in appearance and construction to an electric or an acoustic guitar, but with a longer neck and scale length, and typically four to six strings or courses.

    • Bass, electric bass guitar, electric bass
    • 321.322, (Composite chordophone)
  7. The guitar may have come from older instruments known as the sitara from ancient India and central Asia. The oldest known picture of a guitar-like instrument is a 3300 year old stone carving of a Hittite bard. The oldest guitar-like instrument that is still complete is the "Warwick Gittern" in the British Museum.

    • String instrument (plucked, nylon stringed guitars usually played with fingerpicking, and steel-, etc. usually with a pick.)
  8. Fender Stratocaster - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fender_Stratocaster

    The guitar introduced into the popular market several features that were innovative for electric guitars in the mid 1950s. The distinctive body shape, which has become commonplace among electric guitars, was revolutionary for the time period, and for the first time a mass-market electric guitar did not significantly resemble earlier acoustic ...

  9. Gibson - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gibson_Guitar_Corporation

    Gibson sells guitars under a variety of brand names and builds one of the world's best-known guitars, the Gibson Les Paul. Gibson was at the forefront of innovation in acoustic guitars, especially in the big band era of the 1930s; the Gibson Super 400 was widely imitated.

  10. Gretsch - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gretsch

    Gretsch is an American company that manufactures musical instruments.The company was founded in 1883 in Brooklyn, New York by Friedrich Gretsch, a 27-year-old German immigrant, shortly after his arrival to the United States.

  11. Klasszikus gitár – Wikipédia

    hu.wikipedia.org/wiki/Klasszikus_gitár

    A gitár nem a hivatásos zenészek, inkább a műkedvelők hangszere volt. Húrozása négykórusos, leginkább 2 + 2 + 2 + 1 húros elrendezésben. A spanyol Alonso Mudarra 1546-os vihuela-tabulatúrái között már találunk néhány darabot erre a hangszerre.