- Communicable diseases are usually acute (short duration and severe in nature) while noncommunicable diseases are usually chronic (develops slowly over a period of time and long lasting). The examples of communicable diseases can be given as TB, AIDS, cholera, malaria, meningitis, influenza, cholera, pertussis, etc.
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These can be spread from one person to another hence are also called communicable disease. For example cholera, malaria, chickenpox. Non-communicable Disease. Non-infectious are non-communicable diseases and caused by a variety of reasons. Some of the reasons for the non-infectious disease are genetics, nutritional deficiency, age and sex of the individual and so on.
Cholera is a bacterial disease that causes diarrhea (loose stool/poop) and is caused by the bacteria calledVibrio cholerae. Although only a few cases are recognized in the United States each year, many cases are identified each year in portions of Africa, South and Central America, and Southeast Asia.
While cholera is a rare disease in the U.S., people who may be at risk are those traveling to foreign countries where outbreaks are occurring and those who consume raw or undercooked seafood from warm coastal waters that may be exposed to sewage contamination. In both instances, the risk is small. Individuals living in places with inadequate water treatment, poor sanitation, and inadequate hygiene (cleanliness) are at a greater risk for cholera.
The cholera bacteria is passed through feces (poop). It is spread by eating or drinking food or water contaminated by the feces (poop) of an infected person. This occurs more often in underdeveloped countries lacking proper water supplies and sewage disposal. It is not likely that cholera is spread directly from one person to another.
People infected with cholera may experience mild to severe watery diarrhea (loose stool/poop), vomiting, and dehydration (loss of water in the body causing weakness or dizziness). The symptoms may appear from a few hours to five days after eating or drinking contaminated food or water.
Cholera is diagnosed when the cholera bacteria, Vibrio cholerae, is found in a stool sample or rectal swab.
Cholera can be treated simply and successfully by immediate replacement of the fluid and salts lost through diarrhea (loose stool/poop). Patients can be treated with an oral rehydration solution, a prepackaged mixture of sugar and salts mixed with water in large amounts. This solution is used throughout the world to treat diarrhea. Severe cases also require intravenous fluid replacement. With prompt rehydration, less than 1% of cholera patients die. Antibiotics shorten the course and diminish the severity of the illness, but they are not as important as receiving rehydration. Persons who develop severe diarrhea and vomiting in countries where cholera occurs should seek medical attention promptly.
The FDA recently approved a single-dose live oral cholera vaccine called Vaxchora (lyophilized CVD 103-HgR) for adults 18 64 years old who are traveling to an area of active cholera transmission with toxigenic Vibrio cholerae O1 (the bacteria strain that most commonly causes cholera). The vaccine is not routinely recommended for most travelers from the United States, as most people do not visit areas of active cholera transmission. Two other oral inactivated (or non-live cholera vaccines), Dukoral® and ShanChol®, exist but these vaccines are not available in the U.S. No cholera vaccine is 100% protective and vaccination against cholera is not a substitute for standard prevention and control measures. The single most important preventive measure is to avoid consuming uncooked foods or water in foreign countries where cholera occurs unless they are known to be safe or have been properly treated (for example, sealed bottled, boiled, or chemically treated water). In addition, it is important to wash your hands often with soap and clean water or an alcohol based hand cleanser, particularly before you eat or prepare foods and after using the bathroom.
Cholera is one of the highly communicable diseases. It spreads so rapidly that you may not be able to spot the original patient, from which the disease stared. What is a noncommunicable and...
- What Are Communicable Diseases?
- What Are Non-Communicable Diseases?
- Summary – Communicable vs Non-Communicable Diseases
Communicable diseases are the diseases that can spread from one person to another via various means and methods such as contact with respiratory secretions, contaminated water, and food, etc. At the beginning of this century, communicable diseases were quite common. However, their prevalence and incidence have dramatically reduced due to the rapid development that took place in the health infrastructure. Various immunization programs have also vastly contributed to reducing the morbidity and...
Noncommunicable diseases are a group of chronic slow progressing diseases whose incidence has seen a rapid increase in the last few decades. NCDs are not only a health issue but also a developmental challenge because a very large chunk health expenditure is separated for the treating of these patients in a majority of low or middle-income countries.There are four major categories of non-communicable diseases, 1. Cardiovascular diseases 2. Cancer 3. Diabetes 4. Chronic respiratory diseaseAccor...
Communicable diseases can spread from one person to another via various methods whereas noncommunicable diseases are a group of chronic slow progressing diseases. Communicable diseases can spread from an infected person to another, but the non-communicable diseases do not spread so. This is the major difference between communicable and non-communicable diseases.1.“Communicable Diseases.” World Health Organization, Available here.2. Kumar, Parveen J., and Michael L. Clark. Kumar & Clark clinic...
Jul 19, 2020 · Most non-communicable diseases are caused due to an unhealthy diet and lifestyle. However, other causes like mutations, heredity and environmental changes might also trigger some non-communicable diseases. Non-communicable diseases, unlike communicable diseases, are not seasonal and might occur at any time of the year.
A non-communicable disease (NDC) is a disease that is not transmissible directly from one person to another. The diseases are of long duration and generally slow progression. They include Parkinson’s disease, autoimmune diseases, strokes, most heart diseases, most cancers, diabetes, chronic kidney disease, osteoarthritis, osteoporosis, Azheimer’s disease, cataracts and many more others. A ...
Mar 19, 2019 · Communicable diseases are usually acute (short duration and severe in nature) while noncommunicable diseases are usually chronic (develops slowly over a period of time and long lasting). The examples of communicable diseases can be given as TB, AIDS, cholera, malaria, meningitis, influenza, cholera, pertussis, etc.
Jun 13, 2018 · A noncommunicable disease is a noninfectious health condition lasting for a long period of time. This is also known as a chronic disease. Noncommunicable diseases cannot be spread from person to ...
The danger of Communicable Diseases has increased a lot. Know more about the Types, Causes, Symptoms, Prevention & Treatment of Communicable Diseases with List of Communicable diseases. Definition of Communicable Disease states that any infectious disease which gets transmitted from one person to another through direct
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) established an office in Haiti in 2002 with an initial focus on HIV/AIDS. After a devastating 7.0 magnitude earthquake in January 2010, CDC’s support expanded to address Haiti’s critical health needs, such as cholera, as well as longer-term public health interventions.