Israel (/ ˈ ɪ z r i ə l, ˈ ɪ z r eɪ ə l /; Hebrew: יִשְׂרָאֵל ; Arabic: إِسْرَائِيل ), officially known as the State of Israel (Hebrew: מְדִינַת יִשְׂרָאֵל , Medinat Yisra'el), is a country in Western Asia, located on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea.
- History of Israel
The Land of Israel, also known as the Holy Land or...
- Benjamin Netanyahu
Benjamin Netanyahu (/ ˌ n ɛ t ɑː n ˈ j ɑː h uː /; Hebrew:...
- Six-Day War
Six-Day War; Part of the Arab–Israeli conflict: Map of the...
- History of Israel
Israel is the only Jewish country, and Jews all over the world think of Israel as their spiritual home. Israel's population was 8.1 million people in 2013 and 6.04 million are Jewish . Almost all the other citizens of Israel are Arab (1.6 million) and include Muslims , Christians , Druze , and Samaritans .
- Ethnic and religious groups
Israelis are the citizens or permanent residents of the State of Israel, a multiethnic state populated by people of different ethnic backgrounds. The largest ethnic groups in Israel are Jews, followed by Arabs and other minorities. Among the Israeli Jewish population, hundreds of thousands of Jews born in Israel are descended from Ashkenazi Jew, Mizrahi Jews, Sephardi Jews, Ethiopian Jews, and an array of groups from all the Jewish ethnic divisions, though over 50% of Israel's Jewish population
As of 2013, Israel's population is 8 million, of which the Israeli civil government records 75.3% as Jews, 20.7% as non-Jewish Arabs, and 4.0% other. Israel's official census includes Israeli settlers in the occupied territories. 280,000 Israeli settlers live in settlements in the Judea and Samaria Area, 190,000 in East Jerusalem, and 20,000 in the Golan Heights. Among Jews, 70.3% were born in Israel, mostly from the second or third generation of their family in the country, and the rest are Jew
The main Israeli ethnic and religious groups are as follows
The term "Israelite" refers to members of the Jewish tribes and polities of the Iron Age known from the Hebrew Bible and extra-biblical historical and archaeological sources. The term "Israeli", by contrast, refers to the citizens of the modern State of Israel, regardless of them being Jewish, Arabs, or of any other ethnicity. The modern State of Israel revived an old name known from the Hebrew Bible and from historical sources, that of the Iron Age Kingdom of Israel. The Bible differentiates be
The largest cities in the country Haifa, Tel Aviv, and Jerusalem are also the major cultural centers, known for art museums, and many towns and kibbutzim have smaller high-quality museums. Israeli music is very versatile and combines elements of both western and eastern, religious and secular music. It tends to be very eclectic and contains a wide variety of influences from the Diaspora and more modern cultural importation: Hassidic songs, Asian and Arab pop, especially by Yemenite singers, and
Due to its immigrant nature, Israel is one of the most multicultural and multilingual societies in the world. Hebrew and Arabic are the official languages in the country, while English and Russian are the two most widely spoken non-official languages. Yiddish and French are also spoken. A certain degree of English is spoken widely, and is the language of choice for many Israeli businesses. Courses of Hebrew and English are mandatory in the Israeli matriculation exams, and most schools also offer
- 11,892 – 50,000
- 100,000 (80,000 in Moscow)
- c. 8.3 million (including occupied territories)
The State of Israel has a population of approximately 9,227,700 inhabitants as of July 2020. Some 74.24% are Jews of all backgrounds (about 6,829,000 individuals), 20.95% are Arab of any religion other than Jewish (about 1,890,000 individuals), while the remaining 4.81% (about 434,000 individuals) are defined as "others", including persons of Jewish ancestry deemed non-Jewish by religious law ...
Israel Breaking News, News from Israel and the Middle East, updated daily. Israel-Times Daily News, Breaking News: World, USA, Europe, Asia and Israel. Haaretz Daily Newspaper, News from Israel in English. Israel national news, News from Israel in English. MOVING UP: An Aliyah Journal, the new book, is an upbeat account about Aliyah and life in ...
The State of Israel was established by the Israeli Declaration of Independence on 14 May 1948. As at October 2020, Israel has received international recognition by 162 of the other 192 UN member states. Besides not having diplomatic relations, Israel's sovereignty is disputed by some countries.
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With regard to Israel's plan, the Court stated that, "calls for a reduction of five percent of the power supply in three of the ten power lines that supply electricity from Israel to the Gaza Strip, to a level of 13.5 megawatts in two of the lines and 12.5 megawatts in the third line, we [the Court] were convinced that this reduction does not ...
- Mid-20th century – present, Main phase: 1964–1993
- Israeli–Palestinian peace process, low-level fighting, mainly between Israel and Gaza
- Middle East, Primarily in Israel, West Bank, Gaza Strip and Lebanon
- Establishment and dissolution of Palestinian administration (1948–1959) in Gaza, Jordanian annexation of the West Bank (1948–1967), Occupation of West Bank and Gaza by Israel in 1967, Transition of "A" and "B" areas from Israeli Civil Administration to the Palestinian National Authority in 1994–1995, Israeli disengagement from Gaza in 2005
Later, Israel barred the entry of non-residents or non-citizens of Israel who were in South Korea during the 14 days prior to their arrival in Israel. The same directive was applied to those arriving from Japan starting 23 February. On 26 February, Israel issued a travel warning to Italy, and urged cancelling of all travel abroad.
Israel viu essas ações como um casus belli para um conflito, iniciando a Guerra dos Seis Dias. Israel conseguiu uma vitória decisiva nesta guerra e capturou os territórios árabes da Cisjordânia, faixa de Gaza, península do Sinai e as colinas de Golã.