The highest peak claimed by India as part of Ladakh is K2 which has the elevation of 8,611 m (28,251 ft). K2 is located in the Pakistan-administered territory of Gilgit-Baltistan .   
Between 1947 and 1950 the territories of the princely states were politically integrated into the Indian Union. Most were merged into existing provinces; others were organised into new provinces, such as Rajasthan, Himachal Pradesh, Madhya Bharat, and Vindhya Pradesh, made up of multiple princely states; a few, including Mysore, Hyderabad, Bhopal, and Bilaspur, became separate provinces.
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India is a union of 28 states and 8 union territories. As of 2011, with an estimated population of 1.2 billion, India is the world's second most populous country after the People's Republic of China. India occupies 2.4% of the world's area and is home to 17.5% of the world's population.RankState or union territoryPopulationRural population1A & N ISLANDS380,581237,0932ANDHRA PRADESH84,580,77756,361,7023ARUNACHAL PRADESH1,383,7271,066,3584ASSAM31,205,57626,807,034
States and territories of India, including 28 states and 7 union territories. The Republic of India is divided into twenty-eight States ,and eight union territories including the National Capital Territory .
Source:Area of states. The area figures of states and union territories do not add up to area of India because: The shortfall of 7 km 2. area of Madhya Pradesh and 3 km 2. area of Chhattisgarh is yet to be resolved by the Survey of India.
The following list gives the latest available gross state domestic product (GSDP) figures for all Indian States and Union Territories at current prices in crores (units of 10 million) or lakh crores (units of 1 trillion) of the Indian rupees.
Kangchenjunga measuring at 8598 m is the highest peak of India. Interestingly, Kangchenjunga was assumed to be the highest mountain in the world till 1852 when recalculation and reverification was done and Mount Everest was declared as the world's highest peak. Nanda Devi measuring at 7816 m is the second highest peak of India.
This is a list of Indian states and territories ranked by their households with open defecation free in both urban and rural areas. Figures are from ministry of drinking water and sanitation.  Below table shows ODF( Open Defecation Free), households with Toilets as percentage of total population.
Literacy rate in India is uneven and as such, different states and union territories of India have differences in their literacy rates. The following table shows the details from 1951 to 2011 census data on total literacy rate in percentage.