Luxembourg (/ ˈ l ʌ k s əm b ɜːr ɡ / LUK-səm-burg; Luxembourgish: Lëtzebuerg [ˈlətsəbuəɕ] ; French: Luxembourg; German: Luxemburg), officially the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, is a landlocked country in Western Europe. It borders Belgium to the west and north, Germany to the east, and France to the south.
Le Luxembourg est le plus petit membre fondateur de l'Union européenne, de la zone euro, de l'Organisation du traité de l'Atlantique nord (OTAN), de l'Organisation de coopération et de développement économiques (OCDE), de l'Organisation des Nations unies (ONU), de l'Organisation pour la sécurité et la coopération en Europe (OSCE) et du Benelux, reflétant son consensus politique en faveur de l'intégration économique, politique et militaire.
- Anniversaire du souverain
- 23 juin
Luxembourg,[pron 1] also known as Luxembourg City,[pron 2] is the capital city of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg and the country's most populous commune. Standing at the confluence of the Alzette and Pétrusse rivers in southern Luxembourg, the city lies at the heart of Western Europe, situated 213 km by road from Brussels, 372 km from Paris, and 209...
In the Roman era, a fortified tower guarded the crossing of two Roman roads that met at the site of Luxembourg city. Through an exchange treaty with the abbey of Saint Maximin in Trier in 963, Siegfried I of the Ardennes, a close relative of King Louis II of France and Emperor Otto the Great, acquired the feudal lands of Luxembourg. Siegfried built...
Luxembourg City lies on the southern part of the Luxembourg plateau, a large Early Jurassic sandstone formation that forms the heart of the Gutland, a low-lying and flat area that covers the southern two-thirds of the country. The city centre occupies a picturesque site on a sali
Luxembourg City is subdivided into twenty-four quarters, which cover the commune in its entirety. The quarters generally correspond to the major neighbourhoods and suburbs of Luxembourg City, although a few of the historic districts, such as Bonnevoie, are divided between two qua
Under the Luxembourgian constitution, local government is centred on the city's communal council. Consisting of twenty-seven members, each elected every six years on the second Sunday of October and taking office on 1 January of the next year, the council is the largest of all co
Luxembourg City is the seat for the Luxembourg Government. The Grand Ducal Family of Luxembourg lives at Berg Castle in Colmar-Berg. For national elections to the Chamber of Deputies, the city is located in the Centre constituency.
Luxembourg City is the seat of several institutions, agencies and bodies of the European Union, including the Court of Justice of the European Union, the European Commission, the secretariat of the European Parliament, the European Court of Auditors and the European Investment Ba
Despite the city's small size, it has several notable museums: the recently renovated National Museum of History and Art, the Luxembourg City History Museum, the new Grand Duke Jean Museum of Modern Art and National Museum of Natural History. The city of Luxembourg itself is on the UNESCO World Heritage List, on account of the historical importance...
- 51.46 km² (19.87 sq mi)
- 230 m (750 ft)
- 402 m (1,319 ft)
- Habsburg (1477–1795) and French (1795–1815) rule
- Developing independence (1815–1890)
The history of Luxembourg consists of the history of the country of Luxembourg and its geographical area. Although its recorded history can be traced back to Roman times, the history of Luxembourg proper is considered to begin in 963. Over the following five centuries, the powerful House of Luxembourg emerged, but its extinction put an end to the c...
The history of Luxembourg properly began with the construction of Luxembourg Castle in the High Middle Ages. It was Siegfried I, count of Ardennes who traded some of his ancestral lands with the monks of the Abbey of St. Maximin in Trier in 963 for an ancient, supposedly Roman, fort named Lucilinburhuc, commonly translated as "little castle". Moder...
From the Early Middle Ages to the Renaissance, Luxembourg bore multiple names, depending on the author. These include Lucilinburhuc, Lutzburg, Lützelburg, Luccelemburc, and Lichtburg, among others. The Luxembourgish dynasty produced several Holy Roman Emperors, Kings of Bohemia, and Archbishops of Trier and Mainz. Around the fort of Luxembourg, a t...
In the 17th and 18th centuries, the electors of Brandenburg, later kings of Prussia, advanced their claim to the Luxembourg patrimony as heirs-general to William of Thuringia and his wife Anna of Bohemia, the disputed dukes of Luxembourg in the 1460s. Anna was the eldest daughter of the last Luxembourg heiress. From 1609 onward, they had a territor...
Luxembourg remained more or less under French rule until the defeat of Napoleon in 1815. When the French departed, the Allies installed a provisional administration. Luxembourg initially came under the Generalgouvernement Mittelrhein in mid-1814, and then from June 1814 under the Generalgouvernement Nieder- und Mittelrhein. The Congress of Vienna o...
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Das Großherzogtum Luxemburg ( luxemburgisch Groussherzogtum Lëtzebuerg [ˈgʀəʊsˌhɛχtsoːktuːm ˈlətsəbuəɕ], französisch Grand-Duché de Luxembourg [ɡʁɑ̃ dyʃe də lyksɑ̃buʁ]) ist ein demokratischer Staat in Form einer konstitutionellen Monarchie  im Westen Mitteleuropas.