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  1. Cramp - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Cramp

    Cramp; Cramps are common in athletes when they do not warm up. A cramp is a sudden, involuntary muscle contraction or overshortening; while generally temporary and non-damaging, they can cause significant pain and a paralysis-like immobility of the affected muscle.

    • Treatment

      Stretching, massage, and drinking plenty of liquids may be...

    • Prevention

      Adequate conditioning, stretching, mental preparation,...

  2. Spasm - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Spasm

    A spasmodic muscle contraction may be caused by many medical conditions, including dystonia. Most commonly, it is a muscle cramp which is accompanied by a sudden burst of pain. A muscle cramp is usually harmless and ceases after a few minutes. It is typically caused by ion imbalance or muscle overload.

  3. Muscle Cramps: Causes, Diagnosis and Treatments

    www.healthline.com › health › muscle-cramps

    Aug 27, 2019 · Muscle cramps are sudden, involuntary contractions that occur in various muscles. These contractions are often painful and can affect different muscle groups.

    • Valencia Higuera
  4. Muscle cramp - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic

    www.mayoclinic.org › diseases-conditions › muscle
    • Overview
    • Symptoms
    • Causes
    • Risk Factors
    • Prevention

    A muscle cramp is a sudden and involuntary contraction of one or more of your muscles. If you've ever been awakened in the night or stopped in your tracks by a sudden charley horse, you know that muscle cramps can cause severe pain. Though generally harmless, muscle cramps can make it temporarily impossible to use the affected muscle.Long periods of exercise or physical labor, particularly in hot weather, can lead to muscle cramps. Some medications and certain medical conditions also may caus...

    Most muscle cramps develop in the leg muscles, particularly in the calf. Besides the sudden, sharp pain, you might also feel or see a hard lump of muscle tissue beneath your skin.

    Overuse of a muscle, dehydration, muscle strain or simply holding a position for a prolonged period can cause a muscle cramp. In many cases, however, the cause isn't known.Although most muscle cramps are harmless, some may be related to an underlying medical condition, such as: 1. Inadequate blood supply. Narrowing of the arteries that deliver blood to your legs (arteriosclerosis of the extremities) can produce cramp-like pain in your legs and feet while you're exercising. These cramps usuall...

    Factors that might increase your risk of muscle cramps include: 1. Age. Older people lose muscle mass, so the remaining muscle can get overstressed more easily. 2. Dehydration. Athletes who become fatigued and dehydrated while participating in warm-weather sports frequently develop muscle cramps. 3. Pregnancy. Muscle cramps also are common during pregnancy. 4. Medical conditions. You might be at higher risk of muscle cramps if you have diabetes, or nerve, liver or thyroid disorders.

    These steps may help prevent cramps: 1. Avoid dehydration. Drink plenty of liquids every day. The amount depends on what you eat, your sex, your level of activity, the weather, your health, your age and medications you take. Fluids help your muscles contract and relax and keep muscle cells hydrated and less irritable. During activity, replenish fluids at regular intervals, and continue drinking water or other fluids after you're finished. 2. Stretch your muscles. Stretch before and after you...

  5. Muscle Cramp Causes, Treatment, Remedies, Prevention

    www.medicinenet.com › muscle_cramps › article

    Muscle cramps are extremely common. Almost everyone (one estimate is about 95%) experiences a cramp at some time in their life. Muscle cramps are common in adults and become increasingly frequent with aging. However, children also experience cramps of muscles. Any of the muscles that are under our voluntary control (skeletal muscles) can cramp.

  6. Muscle Spasms: Causes, Treatment & Prevention

    my.clevelandclinic.org › 15466-muscle-spasms

    These are very common and can affect any muscle. Typically, they involve part or all of a muscle, or several muscles in a group. The most common sites for muscle spasms are the thighs, calves, foot arches, hands, arms, abdomen and sometimes along the ribcage. When occurring in the calves, especially, such cramps are known as “charley horses.”

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  8. What Causes Leg Cramps? Symptoms, Triggers, Treatments, and More

    www.healthline.com › what-causes-leg-cramps

    Apr 07, 2020 · Leg cramps are most common in the calf muscle, but they can also happen in the thighs or feet. Normally, leg cramps last just a few moments before the muscle loosens up and the pain dissipates.

    • Anna Schaefer
  9. Muscle pain Causes - Mayo Clinic

    www.mayoclinic.org › symptoms › muscle-pain

    Jul 30, 2020 · The most common causes of muscle pain are tension, stress, overuse and minor injuries. This type of pain is usually localized, affecting just a few muscles or a small part of your body. Systemic muscle pain — pain throughout your whole body — is more often the result of an infection, an illness or a side effect of a medication.

  10. Muscle cramp - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic

    www.mayoclinic.org › diseases-conditions › muscle
    • Treatment
    • Lifestyle and Home Remedies
    • Alternative Medicine
    • Preparing For Your Appointment

    You can usually treat muscle cramps with self-care measures. Your doctor can show you stretching exercises that can help you reduce your chances of getting muscle cramps. Making sure you stay well-hydrated also can help. For recurrent cramps that disturb your sleep, your doctor might prescribe a medication to relax your muscles.

    If you have a cramp, these actions may provide relief: 1. Stretch and massage. Stretch the cramped muscle and gently rub it to help it relax. For a calf cramp, put your weight on your cramped leg and bend your knee slightly. If you're unable to stand, sit on the floor or in a chair with your affected leg extended. Try pulling the top of your foot on the affected side toward your head while your leg remains in a straightened position. This will also help ease a back thigh (hamstring) cramp. Fo...

    Some suggest taking vitamin B complex supplements to help manage leg cramps. However, more research is needed to confirm this benefit.

    Make an appointment with your doctor if you have muscle cramps that are severe, frequent and not getting better with self-care.Here's some information to help you get ready for your appointment.