From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. There are some 120 to 187 languages spoken in the Philippines, depending on the method of classification. Almost all are Malayo-Polynesian languages native to the archipelago. A number of Spanish-influenced creole varieties generally called Chavacano are also spoken in certain communities.
The Philippine languages, per Adelaar and Himmelmann (2005) The Philippine languages, also called the Philippinic languages, are a proposed group by R. David Paul Zorc (1986) and Robert Blust (1991; 2005; 2019) that include all the languages of the Philippines and northern Sulawesi—except Sama–Bajaw (languages of the "Sea Gypsies") and a few languages of Palawan—and form a subfamily of ...
- Designation as the national language
- Further history
- Comparison of Filipino and Tagalog
Filipino is the national language of the Philippines. Filipino is also designated, along with English, as an official language of the country. It is a standardized variety of the Tagalog language, an Austronesian regional language that is widely spoken in the Philippines. Tagalog is the first language of 24 million people or about one-fourth of the Philippine population as of 2019, while 45 million speak Tagalog as their second language as of 2013. Tagalog is among the 185 languages of the Phili
The Philippines is a multilingual state with more than 175 living languages originating and spoken by various ethno-linguistic groups. Many of these languages descend from a common Malayo-Polynesian language due to the Austronesian migration from Taiwan; however, there are languages brought by the Negritos. The common Malayo-Polynesian language split into different languages and these languages borrowed words from other languages such as Hokkien, Sanskrit, Tamil, and Arabic. There was no single
While Spanish and English were considered "official languages" during the American colonial period, there existed no "national language" initially. Article XIII, section 3 of the 1935 constitution establishing the Commonwealth of the Philippines provided that: The National Assembly shall take steps toward the development and adoption of a common national language based on one of the existing native languages. Until otherwise provided by law, English and Spanish shall continue as official languag
In 1959, the language became known as Pilipino in an effort to disassociate it from the Tagalog ethnic group. The changing of the name did not, however, result in universal acceptance among non-Tagalogs, especially Cebuanos who had previously not accepted the 1937 selection. The 1960s saw the rise of the purist movement where new words were being coined to replace loanwords. This era of "purism" by the SWP sparked criticisms by a number of persons. Two counter-movements emerged during this perio
Since 1997, a month-long celebration of the national language occurs during August, known in Filipino as Buwan ng Wika. Previously, this lasted only a week and was known as Linggo ng Wika. The celebration coincides with the month of birth of President Manuel L. Quezon, regarded as the "Ama ng Wikang Pambansa". In 1946, Proclamation No. 35 of March 26 provided for a week-long celebration of the national language. this celebration would last from March 27 until April 2 each year, the last day coin
While the official view is that Filipino and Tagalog are considered separate languages, in practical terms, Filipino may be considered the official name of Tagalog, or even a synonym of it. Today's Filipino language is best described as "Tagalog-based"; The language is usually called Tagalog within the Philippines and among Filipinos to differentiate it from other Philippine languages, but it has also come to be known as Filipino to differentiate it from the languages of other countries; the for
- Greater Central Philippine
The languages are generally subdivided thus (languages in italicsrefer to a single language): 1. Tagalog(at least 3 dialects found in southern Luzon) 2. Bikol (8 languages in the Bicol Peninsula) 3. Bisayan (18 languages spoken in the whole Visayas, as well as southeastern Luzon, northeastern Mindanao and Sulu) 4. Mansakan (11 languages of the Davao Region) 5. Manide–Inagta(2 languages) There are in addition several Aeta hill-tribal languages of uncertain affiliation: Ata, Sorsogon Ayta, Tayabas Ayta, Karolanos (Northern Binukidnon), Magahat (Southern Binukidnon), Sulod, and Umiray Dumaget. Most of the Central Philippine languages in fact form a dialect continuumand cannot be sharply distinguished as separate languages. Blust (2009) notes that the relatively low diversity found among the Visayan languages is due to recent population expansions.
The expanded tree of the Central Philippine languages below is given in David Zorc's 1977 Ph.D. dissertation. The Visayan subgrouping is Zorc's own work, while the Bikol subgrouping is from McFarland (1974)and the Mansakan subgrouping from Gallman (1974). Individual languages are marked by italics, and primary branches by bold italics. 1. Tagalog 1.1. Standard Filipino 1.2. Marinduque 1.3. Lubang 2. Bikol 2.1. Pandan (North Catanduanes) 2.2. Inland Bikol 2.2.1. Iriga(Rinconada Bikol) 2.2.2. Albay Bikol 2.3. Coastal Bikol (including the Naga City dialect) 2.3.1. Central Bikol 2.3.2. Virac (South Catanduanes) 3. Visayan 3.1. 1. South (spoken on the eastern coast of Mindanao) 3.1.1. Butuan–Tausug 184.108.40.206. Tausug 220.127.116.11. Butuanon 3.1.2. Surigao 18.104.22.168. Surigaonon, Jaun-Jaun, Kantilan, Naturalis 3.2. 2. Cebuan (spoken in Cebu, Bohol, western Leyte, northern Mindanao, and eastern Negros) 3.2.1. Cebuan 22.214.171.124. Cebuano, Boholano, Leyte 3.3. 3. Central (spoken across most of the Visayan r...
Andrew Gallman (1997) rejects Zorc's classification of the Mansakan languages and Mamanwa as primary branches of the Central Philippine languages coordinate to the Bisayan languages. Instead, he groups Mansakan, Mamanwa and the Southern Bisayan languages together into an "East Mindanao" subgroup, which links up with the remaining Bisayan branches in a "South Central Philippine" subgroup: 1. Tagalog 2. Bikol 3. South Central Philippine 3.1. West Bisayan 3.2. Banton 3.3. Central Bisayan 3.4. Cebuan 3.5. East Mindanao 3.5.1. North East Mindanao 126.96.36.199. Mamanwa 188.8.131.52. Surigaonon 184.108.40.206. Butuanon-Tausug 3.5.2. Central East Mindanao 220.127.116.11. Kamayo 18.104.22.168. Davawenyo(Banganga) 22.214.171.124. Davawenyo (Digos) 3.5.3. South East Mindanao 126.96.36.199. Mandaya(Kabasagan) 188.8.131.52. Mandaya (Caraga) 184.108.40.206. Mansaka, Mandaya (Maragusan), Mandaya (Boso) 220.127.116.11.1. (Branch) 18.104.22.168.1.1. Mandaya(Islam) 22.214.171.124.1.2. Kalagan (Kaagan), Kalagan(Tagakaulu)
Blust (1991) notes that the central and southern Philippines has low linguistic diversity. Based on exclusively shared lexical innovations, he posits a Greater Central Philippine subgroup that puts together the Central Philippine branch with South Mangyan, Palawan, Danao, Manobo, Subanon and Gorontalo–Mongondow languages, the latter found in northern Sulawesi.
There are approximately more than 175 languages and dialects in the Philippines which form part of the regional languages group. A few of these languages and dialects are spoken by in islands communities such as Abaknon in Capul island.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Jump to navigation Jump to search. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Philippine languages. Philippine languages — of the Malayo-Polynesian languages subgroup of the Austronesian languages. The Philippine languages make up the oldest non-Formosan branch of the Austronesian languages family.
Most of the major languages of the Philippines belong to the Greater Central Philippine subgroup: Tagalog, the Visayan languages Cebuano, Hiligaynon, Waray; Central Bikol, Maranao and Magindanao. On the island of Sulawesi, Indonesia, Gorontalo is the third-largest language by number of speakers.