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  1. Phoenix, Arizona - Wikipedia,_Arizona

    Phoenix (/ ˈ f iː n ɪ k s / FEE-niks; Navajo: Hoozdo; Spanish: Fénix or Fínix) is the capital and most populous city in Arizona, with 1,680,992 people (as of 2019).It is also the fifth-most populous city in the United States and the largest state capital by population, and the only state capital with a population of more than one million residents.

    • 1,086 ft (331 m)
    • Maricopa
    • 85001–85099
    • Arizona
  2. Phoenix - Wikipedia

    Phoenix most often refers to: . Phoenix (mythology), a legendary bird from ancient Greek folklore which is associated with Sun Phoenix, Arizona, a city in the United States ...

  3. Phoenix (mythology) - Wikipedia
    • Overview
    • Etymology
    • Early texts
    • Depictions
    • Diffusion in later culture
    • Modern popular culture

    In Ancient Greek folklore, a phoenix is a long-lived bird that cyclically regenerates or is otherwise born again. Associated with the sun, a phoenix obtains new life by arising from the ashes of its predecessor. Some legends say it dies in a show of flames and combustion, others that it simply dies and decomposes before being born again. Over time the phoenix motif spread from its origins in classical folklore and gained a variety of new associations: Herodotus, Lucan, Pliny the Elder, Pope Clem

    The modern English word phoenix enters the English language from Latin, later reinforced by French. The word first enters the English language by way of a borrowing of Latin phoenīx into Old English. This borrowing was later reinforced by French influence, which had also borrowed the Latin noun. In time, the word developed specialized use in the English language: For example, the term could refer to an "excellent person", a variety of heraldic emblem, and the name of a constellation. The ...

    Exterior to the Linear B mention above from Mycenean Greece in which the entity is referred to as a griffin-like entity, the earliest clear mention of the phoenix in ancient Greek literature occurs in a fragment of the Precepts of Chiron, attributed to 6th century BC Greek poet Hesiod. In the fragment, the wise centaur Chiron tells a young hero Achilles the following: 1. A chattering crow lives out nine generations of aged men, 2. but a stag's life is four time a crow's, 3. and a raven's life ma

    The phoenix is sometimes pictured in ancient and medieval literature and medieval art as endowed with a halo, which emphasizes the bird's connection with the Sun. In the oldest images of phoenixes on record these nimbuses often have seven rays, like Helios. Pliny the Elder also describes the bird as having a crest of feathers on its head, and Ezekiel the Dramatist compared it to a rooster. The phoenix came to be associated with specific colors over time. Although the phoenix was generally believ

    In time, the motif and concept of the phoenix extended from its origins in ancient Greek folklore. For example, the classical motif of the phoenix continues into the Gnostic manuscript On the Origin of the World from the Nag Hammadi Library collection in Egypt generally dated to the 4th century: Thus when Sophia Zoe saw that the rulers of darkness had laid a curse upon her counterparts, she was indignant. And coming out of the first heaven with full power, she chased those rulers out of their he

    In the modern era, the phoenix motif continues to see use in a variety of contexts. Elon University's sports teams became known as the Phoenix in 2000, stemming from the colleges fire and subsequent recovery in 1923. University trustees at the time announced their intentions to make Elon "rise from the ashes". Swarthmore College's newspaper has been named "The Phoenix" since the college's fire in 1881; the phoenix bird was considered emblematic of the college's rebirth from its ashes. More recen

  4. Phoenix most often refers to: Phoenix, a mythical bird that dies in flames and is reborn from the ashes Phoenix, Arizona, a large city in the United States Phoenix, a spacecraft that landed in the north polar region of Mars Phoenix may also refer to

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  6. Phoenix Program - Wikipedia
    • Overview
    • History
    • Operations
    • Strategic effect
    • Public response and legal proceedings

    The Phoenix Program was a program designed and coordinated by the United States Central Intelligence Agency during the Vietnam War, involving the American and Australian and South Vietnamese militaries. The program was designed to identify and destroy the Viet Cong via infiltration, torture, capture, counter-terrorism, interrogation, and assassination. The CIA described it as "a set of programs that sought to attack and destroy the political infrastructure of the Viet Cong". The Phoenix Program

    The major two components of the program were Provincial Reconnaissance Units and regional interrogation centers. PRUs would kill or capture suspected VC members, as well as civilians who were thought to have information on VC activities. Many of these people were taken to interrogation centers and were tortured in an attempt to gain intelligence on VC activities in the area. The information extracted at the centers was given to military commanders, who would use it to task the PRU with further c

    The chief aspect of the Phoenix Program was the collection of intelligence information. VC members would then be captured, converted, or killed. Emphasis for the enforcement of the operation was placed on local government militia and police forces, rather than the military, as the main operational arm of the program. Author and journalist Douglas Valentine states that "Central to Phoenix is the fact that it targeted civilians, not soldiers". The Phoenix Program took place under special laws that

    Between 1968 and 1972, Phoenix "neutralized" 81,740 people suspected of VC membership, of whom 26,369 were killed. A significant number of VC were killed, and between 1969 and 1971 the program was quite successful in destroying VC infrastructure in many important areas. By 1970, communist plans repeatedly emphasized attacking the government's pacification program and specifically targeted Phoenix officials. The VC also imposed quotas. In 1970, for example, communist officials near Da Nang in nor

    The Phoenix Program was not generally known during most of the time it was operational to either the American public or American officials in Washington. One of the first people to criticize Phoenix publicly was Ed Murphy, a native of Staten Island, New York in 1970. There was eventually a series of U.S. Congressional hearings. In 1971, in the final day of hearing on "U.S. Assistance Programs in Vietnam", K. Barton Osborne described the Phoenix Program as a "sterile depersonalized murder program

  7. Joaquin Phoenix - Wikipedia

    Joaquin Rafael Phoenix (/ hw ɑː ˈ k iː n /; né Bottom; born October 28, 1974) is a Puerto Rican-born American actor, environmentalist, animal rights activist, and producer.. He has received numerous accolades, including an Academy Award, a Grammy Award, and two Golden Globe Awar

  8. University of Phoenix - Wikipedia

    The University of Phoenix (UOPX or UOP) is a for-profit university headquartered in Phoenix, Arizona.Founded in 1976, the school confers certificates and degrees in over 100 certificate programs and degree programs at the certificate, associate, bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degree levels.

  9. River Phoenix - Wikipedia

    River Jude Phoenix (né Bottom; August 23, 1970 – October 31, 1993) was an American actor, musician, and activist. Phoenix grew up in an itinerant family, as older brother of Rain Phoenix, Joaquin Phoenix, Liberty Phoenix, and Summer Phoenix. He had no formal schooling, but showed an instinctive talent for the guitar.

  10. Dark Phoenix (film) - Wikipedia

    Dark Phoenix (also marketed and later released on home media as X-Men: Dark Phoenix) is a 2019 American superhero film based on the Marvel Comics X-Men characters. It is a sequel to 2016's X-Men: Apocalypse, the seventh and final mainline installment in the X-Men film series, and the twelfth installment overall.

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