Ireland (Irish: Éire [ˈeːɾʲə] (listen)), also known as the Republic of Ireland (Poblacht na hÉireann), is a country in north-western Europe occupying 26 of 32 counties of the island of Ireland. The capital and largest city is Dublin, which is located on the eastern side of the island.
- Leo Varadkar
Leo Eric Varadkar (/ v ə ˈ r æ d k ər / və-RAD-kər; born 18...
- Republic of Ireland Act 1948
The Republic of Ireland Act 1948 (No. 22 of 1948) is an Act...
- President of Ireland
The president of Ireland (Irish: Uachtarán na hÉireann) is...
- Leo Varadkar
People also ask
Is the Republic of Ireland part of the European Union?
What is the Irish Republic?
When is Irish Independence Day?
What is the political system of Ireland?
Ireland (Irish: Éire [ˈeːɾʲə] (listen)), also known as the Republic of Ireland is a European country on the island of Ireland. It is a member of the European Union. The country is sometimes called the Republic of Ireland in order to distinguish between the territory of the Irish state and island proper, but Ireland is its official name.
Ireland is the second-largest island of the British Isles, the third-largest in Europe, and the 20th-largest on Earth. Geopolitically, Ireland is divided between the Republic of Ireland (officially named Ireland), which covers five-sixths of the island, and Northern Ireland, which is part of the United Kingdom.
- 84,421 km² (32,595 sq mi)
- 6,572,728 (2016)
- Northwestern Europe
The COVID-19 pandemic reached the Republic of Ireland on 29 February 2020, and within three weeks, cases had been confirmed in all counties.   The pandemic affected many aspects of society. On 12 March, the government shut all schools, colleges, childcare facilities and cultural institutions, and advised cancelling large gatherings. 
t. e. The Irish state came into being in 1916 as the Irish Republic. In 1922 having seceded from the United Kingdom under the Anglo-Irish Treaty, it became the Irish Free State. It comprises 26 of the island of Ireland 's 32 counties. The 1937 constitution renamed the state Ireland.
- Institutions of government
The Irish Republic was a revolutionary state that declared its independence from the United Kingdom in January 1919. The Republic claimed jurisdiction over the whole island of Ireland, but by 1920 its functional control was limited to only 21 of Ireland's 32 counties, and British state forces maintained a presence across much of the north-east, as well as Cork, Dublin and other major towns. The republic was strongest in rural areas, and through its military forces was able to influence the popul
In English, the revolutionary state was to be known as the "Irish Republic". Two different Irish language titles were used: Poblacht na hÉireann and Saorstát Éireann, based on two alternative Irish translations of the word "republic". The word poblacht was newly coined by the writers of the Easter Proclamation in 1916. Saorstát was a compound word, based on the Irish words saor and stát. Its literal translation was "free state". The term Poblacht na hÉireann is the one used in the ...
In 1916, nationalist rebels participating in the Easter Rising issued the Proclamation of the Republic. By this declaration they claimed to establish an independent state called the "Irish Republic" and proclaimed that the leaders of the rebellion would serve as the "Provisional Government of the Irish Republic" until it became possible to elect a national parliament. The Easter Rising was short-lived, largely limited to Dublin and, at the time it occurred, enjoyed little support from the Irish
The central institution of the republic was Dáil Éireann, a unicameral assembly formed by the majority of Irish Members of Parliament elected in the 1918 general election. Two further general elections called by the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, the head of the British ...
The Dáil Constitution vested executive authority in a cabinet called the Ministry of Dáil Éireann. The Ministry was answerable to the Dáil which elected its head, known initially as the President of Dáil Éireann. He in turn appointed the ministers. According to the ...
Initially, partly because of the division between republicans and monarchists, the Irish Republic had no head of state. The Republic's leader was known initially as the Príomh Aire, literally "prime minister" but referred to in the English version of the constitution as ...
The Irish Republic had some of the attributes of a functioning state; a ministry, a parliament, a courts system, a police force and a constitution. The extent to which these functioned fluctuated in different parts of the island, with the success or otherwise of republican institutions depending both on the degree of control of the IRA in the region and on the brutality of the Black and Tans and Auxiliaries, active from June 1920 to July 1921. The more brutal the 'Tans' the more they alienated t
Efforts by President de Valera in the United States and by the Republic's "ambassador" at the Versailles Peace Conference, Seán T. O'Kelly, to win international recognition failed. O'Kelly had already established the Republic's "embassy" in Paris in April 1919, and Dr. Patrick McCartan set one up in Washington, D.C. at the same time. Despite heavy lobbying from prominent Irish-Americans, President Woodrow Wilson refused to raise the Irish case at the conference as he did not want to ...
History 1920s–1980s. Between 1882 and 1924, Ireland was represented by a single national football team organised by the Belfast-based Irish Football Association (IFA). In 1920, Ireland was partitioned into Northern Ireland and the Irish Free State (the latter in turn becoming Éire or Ireland after adopting a new Constitution in 1937, followed by declaring itself a republic in 1949.)
- Design and symbolism
- Similar flags
The national flag of Ireland, frequently referred to in Ireland as 'the tricolour' and elsewhere as the Irish tricolour, is the national flag and ensign of the Republic of Ireland. The flag itself is a vertical tricolour of green, white and orange. The proportions of the flag are 1:2. Presented as a gift in 1848 to Thomas Francis Meagher from a small group of French women sympathetic to the Irish cause, it was intended to symbolise the inclusion and hoped-for union between Roman Catholics and Pr
The green pale of the flag symbolises Roman Catholics, the orange represents the minority Protestants who were supporters of William of Orange. His title came from the Principality of Orange but his power from his leadership as Stadtholder of the Netherlands, a Protestant bastion
A green flag featuring a harp is described as being used by Eoghan Ruadh Ó Néill in 1642. The colour green became associated with Ireland from the 1640s, when the green harp flag was used by the Irish Catholic Confederation. Likewise Green ribbons have been worn on St Patrick's Day since at least the 1680s. suggesting that green was already a national color at this time, The Friendly Brothers of St Patrick, an Irish nationalistic fraternity founded in about 1750adopted green as its colour ...
The Department of the Taoiseach has issued guidelines to assist persons in giving due respect to the national flag. Observance of the guidelines is a matter for each individual as there are no statutory requirements. It is expected, however, that the national flag will be treated at all times with appropriate respect by those who use it. The Department has general responsibility in relation to the national flag and this is primarily concerned with the protocol for the flying of the flag. The Dep
The Flag of Ivory Coast has a similar color layout to the Irish one, but with the orange on the hoist side and a shorter proportion. When Murielle Ahouré celebrated winning the 2018 world indoor 60-meter dash, she borrowed an Irish flag from a spectator and reversed it. Due to this similarity, in Northern Ireland, Ulster loyalists have sometimes desecrated the Ivorian flag, mistaking it for the Irish one.
- related to: Republic of Ireland wikipedia