Ireland (Irish: Éire [ˈeːɾʲə] ), also known as the Republic of Ireland (Poblacht na hÉireann), is a country in north-western Europe occupying 26 of 32 counties of the island of Ireland. The capital and largest city is Dublin , which is located on the eastern side of the island.
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The Republic of Ireland is a member of the European Union while the United Kingdom is a former member, having both acceded to its precursor entity, the European Economic Community [EEC], in 1973, and as a consequence there is free movement of people, goods, services and capital across the border. Republic of Ireland
- 84,421 km² (32,595 sq mi)
- 6,572,728 (2016)
- Northwestern Europe
That legislation described Ireland as the Republic of Ireland but did not change the country's name. The international and diplomatic functions previously vested in or exercised by the king were now vested in the President of Ireland who finally became unambiguously the Irish head of state.
- Institutions of government
The Irish Republic was a revolutionary state that declared its independence from the United Kingdom in January 1919. The Republic claimed jurisdiction over the whole island of Ireland, but by 1920 its functional control was limited to only 21 of Ireland's 32 counties, and British state forces maintained a presence across much of the north-east, as well as Cork, Dublin and other major towns. The republic was strongest in rural areas, and through its military forces was able to influence the popul
In English, the revolutionary state was to be known as the "Irish Republic". Two different Irish language titles were used: Poblacht na hÉireann and Saorstát Éireann, based on two alternative Irish translations of the word "republic". The word poblacht was newly coined by the writers of the Easter Proclamation in 1916. Saorstát was a compound word, based on the Irish words saor and stát. Its literal translation was "free state". The term Poblacht na hÉireann is the one used in the ...
In 1916, nationalist rebels participating in the Easter Rising issued the Proclamation of the Republic. By this declaration they claimed to establish an independent state called the "Irish Republic" and proclaimed that the leaders of the rebellion would serve as the "Provisional Government of the Irish Republic" until it became possible to elect a national parliament. The Easter Rising was short-lived, largely limited to Dublin and, at the time it occurred, enjoyed little support from the Irish
The central institution of the republic was Dáil Éireann, a unicameral assembly formed by the majority of Irish Members of Parliament elected in the 1918 general election. Two further general elections called by the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, the head of the British ...
The Dáil Constitution vested executive authority in a cabinet called the Ministry of Dáil Éireann. The Ministry was answerable to the Dáil which elected its head, known initially as the President of Dáil Éireann. He in turn appointed the ministers. According to the ...
Initially, partly because of the division between republicans and monarchists, the Irish Republic had no head of state. The Republic's leader was known initially as the Príomh Aire, literally "prime minister" but referred to in the English version of the constitution as ...
The Irish Republic had some of the attributes of a functioning state; a ministry, a parliament, a courts system, a police force and a constitution. The extent to which these functioned fluctuated in different parts of the island, with the success or otherwise of republican institutions depending both on the degree of control of the IRA in the region and on the brutality of the Black and Tans and Auxiliaries, active from June 1920 to July 1921. The more brutal the 'Tans' the more they alienated t
Efforts by President de Valera in the United States and by the Republic's "ambassador" at the Versailles Peace Conference, Seán T. O'Kelly, to win international recognition failed. O'Kelly had already established the Republic's "embassy" in Paris in April 1919, and Dr. Patrick McCartan set one up in Washington, D.C. at the same time. Despite heavy lobbying from prominent Irish-Americans, President Woodrow Wilson refused to raise the Irish case at the conference as he did not want to ...
Ireland (Irish: Éire [ˈeːɾʲə] ()), also known as the Republic of Ireland is a European country on the island of Ireland.It is a member of the European Union. The country is sometimes called the Republic of Ireland in order to distinguish between the territory of the Irish state and island proper, but Ireland is its official name.
- Ethnic groups and immigration
- Population statistics from 1900
- Demographic statistics
The Republic of Ireland had a population of 4,761,865 at the 2016 census.
Gaelic culture and language forms an important part of the Irish national identity. The Irish Travellers are an indigenous minority ethnic group, formally recognised by the Irish State since 1 March 2017. In 2008, Ireland had the highest birth rate, lowest death rate and highest net-migration rate in the entire European Union – and the largest population growth rate in the 27-member bloc as a result. Ireland contains several immigrant communities, especially in Dublin. The most common ...
1. Births from January–March 2019 = 15,893 2. Births from January–March 2020 = 14,371 3. Deaths from January–March 2019 = 8,618 4. Deaths from January–March 2020 = 8,674 5. Natural growth from January–March 2019 = 7,275 6. Natural growth from January–March 2020 ...
Of the 59,796 births in 2019, there were 46,036 babies born to mothers of Irish nationality compared to 47,110 in 2018. There were 10.4% of births to mothers of EU 16 to EU 28 nationality, 2.1% of mothers were of UK nationality, and 2.0% were of EU 15 nationality. Mothers of nati
Demographic statistics according to the World Population Review in 2019. One birth every 8 minutes One death every 16 minutes One net migrant every 90 minutes Net gain of one person every 14 minutes The following demographic statistics are from the Republic of Ireland's Central Statistics Office, Eurostat and the CIA World Factbook. Population
- 13.7 births/1,000 population
- 68 per km²
- 4,761,865 (2016 census)
Category:Ireland covers both the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland and deals with topics relating to the two jurisdictions on the island of Ireland. Subcategories This category has the following 17 subcategories, out of 17 total.
The economy of the Republic of Ireland is a highly developed knowledge economy, focused on services in high-tech, life sciences, financial services and agribusiness including agrifood. Ireland is an open economy (6th on the Index of Economic Freedom), and ranks first for high-value foreign direct investment (FDI) flows.
The Republic of Ireland national football team (Irish: Foireann peile náisiúnta Phoblacht na hÉireann) represents Ireland in men's international football. It is governed by the Football Association of Ireland (FAI). The team made their debut at the 1924 Summer Olympics, reaching the quarter-finals.
The COVID-19 pandemic reached the Republic of Ireland on 29 February 2020, and within three weeks, cases had been confirmed in all counties.   The pandemic affected many aspects of society. On 12 March, the government shut all schools, colleges, childcare facilities and cultural institutions, and advised cancelling large gatherings.