- Rusyn language From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Rusyn (Rusyn: русиньска бесїда or русиньскый язык) is an East Slavic language. It is spoken by the Rusyns of Central Europe.
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Rusyn, also known in English as Ruthene is an East Slavic lect spoken by the Rusyns of Eastern Europe. There are several controversial theories about the nature of Rusyn as a language or dialect. Czech, Slovak, and Hungarian, as well as American and some Polish and Serbian linguists treat it as a distinct language, whereas other scholars treat it as a Southwestern dialect of Ukrainian.
- Geographical distribution
Pannonian Rusyn is spoken by the Pannonian Rusyns in...
The classification and identification of the Rusyn language...
- Geographical distribution
Rusyn (Rusyn: русиньска бесїда or русиньскый язык) is an East Slavic language. It is spoken by the Rusyns of Central Europe. In English, it is also called Ruthene or Ruthenian. Some linguists treat it as a distinct language. Some Ukrainian scholars think it is a dialect of Ukrainian.
Pannonian Rusyn, or simply Rusyn, is an East Slavic language spoken by the Pannonian Rusyns, in north-western Serbia and eastern Croatia. Before the re-establishment of independent Serbian and Croatian states, in the 1990s, the area was part of the former federation of Yugoslavia. Pannonian Rusyn is one of the official languages of the Serbian Autonomous Province of Vojvodina. The Pannonian Rusyns themselves call their language Bačvan'ska ruska bešeda, or Bačvan'ski ruski jazik, both ...
According to the 2001 Ukrainian Census, thirty percent of Rusyns in Ukraine identified Ukrainian as their native language, while two thirds named the Rusyn language. However, about 10 thousand people, or 0.8%, of Ukraine's Zakarpattia Oblast (Province) identified themselves as Rusyns; by contrast, over 1 mllion considered themselves Ukrainians.
Rusyn language, an East Slavic language Pannonian Rusyn language, a variant of Rusyn language; Lemkian Rusyn language, a variant of Rusyn language; Rusyn Voivodeship, a historical province from 15th to 18th century; Rusyn Byzantine Catholic Church, a particular Eastern Catholic Church; Rusyn, Rusin, self-appellation of Ruthenians; Rusyn, Ukrainian surname
Ruthenian language, also known (less precisely) as Russian, is a Slavic language spoken in Ruthenia (Rus) in Middle Ages. From Ruthenian evolved Russian, Ukrainian, Belarusian.
The variety of Rusyn spoken in Poland is generally known as Lemko (лемківскій язык lemkivskij jazyk), after the characteristic word лем (lem) meaning "only", "but", and "like" Hungary (where the people and language are called ruszin in Hungarian)
- Lemkos in fiction
Lemkos are an ethnic group inhabiting Lemkivshchyna, a part of Transcarpathia. Their affiliation with other ethnicities is controversial, although individual Lemkos generally self-identify as a sub-group of Rusyns and/or Ukrainians. Other ethnic groups identifying as Ruthenians and/or Ukrainian include the Boykos and Hutsuls. Members of these groups have increasingly rejected official ethnic designations such as Verkhovyntsi, and/or as a sub-group of Ukrainets, in favor of the Rusyn identity; a
The name "Lemko" derives from the common expression Lem, which means "only" in the Lemko dialect, and began to be widely used only since the 19th century. This word is commonly used in many dialects mainly around eastern Slovakia, Polish and Ukrainian border, and is one distinction between the languages. "Lemko" came into use as an endonym after having been used as an exonym by the neighboring Lyshaks, Boykos and Hutsuls, who do not use that term in their respective dialects. The term in Slovak
Several hypotheses account for the origin of the Hutsuls, however, like all the Rusyns, they most probably have a diverse ethnogenetic origin. The Lemkos are considered to be descendants of the medieval White Croats, affected by the migration of Ruthenian-influenced Slovaks and the Vlach/Romanian migrations in the 14th and 15th centuries. Lemkivshchyna became part of Poland in medieval Piast times. Lemkos became an ethnic minority as part of the Austria province of Galicia in 1772. Mass emigrati
An important aspect of Lemko culture is their deep commitment to Eastern Christianity which was introduced to the Eastern Slavs from Byzantium via Moravia through the efforts of Saints Cyril and Methodius in the 9th century. Originally the Lemkos adhered to Orthodoxy, but in order to avoid latinization directly entered into union with Rome in the 17th century. Most Lemkos today are Eastern rite or Byzantine-rite Catholics. In Poland they belong to the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church with a Roman
The homeland occupied by the Lemkos has been influenced greatly by the languages spoken by neighboring or ruling peoples, so much so that some consider it a separate entity. Some scholars state that Lemko is the western-most dialect of the Rusyn language, which in turn is considered by many Ukrainians to be a dialect of Ukrainian. Lemko speech includes some patterns matching those of the surrounding Polish and Slovak languages, leading some to refer to it as a transitional dialect between Polish
Nikolai Gogol's short story "The Terrible Vengeance" ends at Kriváň, now in Slovakia and pictured on the Slovakian euro, in the heart of Lemkivshchyna in the Prešov Region. Avram Davidson makes several references to the Lemko people in his stories. Anna Bibko, mother-in-law of the protagonist of All Shall Be Well; and All Shall Be Well; and All Manner of Things Shall Be Well, is a Lemko "guided by her senses of traditionalism and grievance, not necessarily in that order". In the ...
- 11,000 (census, 2011)
- 55,469 (Rusyns)
- related to: Rusyn language wikipedia