Scottish Gaelic (Scottish Gaelic: Gàidhlig [ˈkaːlɪkʲ] or Scots Gaelic, sometimes referred to simply as Gaelic) is a Goidelic language (in the Celtic branch of the Indo-European language family) native to the Gaels of Scotland. As a Goidelic language, Scottish Gaelic, as well as both Irish and Manx, developed out of Old Irish.
- Help:IPA/Scottish Gaelic
The charts below show the way in which the International...
- Help:IPA/Scottish Gaelic
Scottish Gaelic edition of Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The Scottish Gaelic Wikipedia ( Scottish Gaelic : Uicipeid , [ˈuçkʲɪpetʲ] ) is Scottish Gaelic version of Wikipedia . As of 6 November 2020 [update] , it contains 15,155 articles and has 22,702 editors.
- Origins to zenith
- The Eclipse of Gaelic in Scotland
- Persecution, Retreat, and Dispersal
- Modern era
- Defunct dialects
Scottish Gaelic, is a Celtic language native to Scotland. A member of the Goidelic branch of the Celtic languages, Scottish Gaelic, like Modern Irish and Manx, developed out of Middle Irish. Most of modern Scotland was once Gaelic-speaking, as evidenced especially by Gaelic-language placenames.
The traditional view is that Gaelic was brought to Scotland, probably in the 4th-5th centuries, by settlers from Ireland who founded the Gaelic kingdom of Dál Riata on Scotland's west coast in present-day Argyll. This view is based mostly on early medieval writings such as the 7th century Irish Senchus fer n-Alban or the 8th century Anglo-Saxon Historia ecclesiastica gentis Anglorum. However, the lack of archaeological or place name evidence for a migration or invasion has caused this ...
Many historians mark the reign of King Malcom Canmore as the beginning of Gaelic's eclipse in Scotland. In either 1068 or 1070, the king married the exiled Princess Margaret of Wessex. This future Saint Margaret of Scotland was a member of the royal House of Wessex which had occupied the English throne from its founding until the Norman Conquest. Margaret was thoroughly Anglo-Saxon and is often credited for taking the first significant steps in anglicizing the Scottish court. She spoke no Gaelic
The historian Charles Withers argues that the geographic retreat of Gaelic in Scotland is the context for the establishment of the country's signature divide between the ‘Lowlands’ and the ‘Highlands’. Before the late 1300s, there is no evidence that anyone thought of Scotland as divided into two geographic parts. From the 1380s onward, however, the country was increasingly understood to be the union of two distinct spaces and peoples: one inhabiting the low-lying south and the ...
Scottish Gaelic has a rich oral and written tradition, having been the language of the bardic culture of the Highland clans for many years. The language preserves knowledge of and adherence to pre-feudal 'tribal' laws and customs. These attitudes were still evident in the complaints and claims of the Highland Land League of the late 19th century, which elected MPs to the Parliament of the United Kingdom. However, the language suffered under centralisation efforts by the Scottish and later Britis
All surviving dialects are Highland and/or Hebridean dialects. Dialects of Lowland Gaelic have become defunct since the demise of Galwegian Gaelic, originally spoken in Galloway, which seems to have been the last Lowland dialect and which survived into the Modern Period. By the 18th century Lowland Gaelic had been largely replaced by Lowland Scots across much of Lowland Scotland. According to a reference in The Carrick Covenanters by James Crichton, the last place in the Lowlands where Scottish
This list of Scottish Gaelic given names shows Scottish Gaelic given names beside their English language equivalent. In some cases, the equivalent can be a cognate, in other cases it may be an Anglicised spelling derived from the Gaelic name, or in other cases it can be an etymologically unrelated name.
People also ask
Are Irish and Scottish Gaelic the same language?
What is the official language of Scotland?
What is the origin of the Gaelic language?
Do Scots speak Gaelic?
The southern South Island of New Zealand was settled by the Free Church of Scotland, and many of its placenames are of Scottish Gaelic origin (including some directly named for places in Scotland). The placename Strath Taieri combines the Gaelic Srath with the Māori river name Taieri .Scotland Alba(English)Scotland Alba(Scottish Gaelic)(Name)Scotland Alba(Scottish Gaelic)(Meaning)Scotland Alba(Place type)Abhainn a' Ghlinne MhòirRiver of the great valleyRiverAn t-AchadhThe fieldCityAchadh nan AlltField of the streamCityAchadh an t-SabhailField of the barnCity
The use of Scottish Gaelic suffered when Highlanders were persecuted after the Battle of Culloden in 1746, and during the Highland Clearances.. The Scottish Gaelic Enlightenment figure Alasdair mac Mhaighstir Alasdair compiled the first secular book in Scottish Gaelic to be printed: Leabhar a Theagasc Ainminnin (1741), a Gaelic-English glossary.
Scots (Scots: Scots, Scottish Gaelic: Albais/Beurla Ghallda) is a West Germanic language variety spoken in Scotland and parts of Ulster in the north of Ireland (where the local dialect is known as Ulster Scots).
There are about 2,000 Scottish Gaelic speakers in Canada (Canadian Gaelic dialect), although many are elderly and concentrated in Nova Scotia and more specifically Cape Breton Island. According to the U.S. Census in 2000,  there are more than 25,000 Irish-speakers in the United States, with the majority found in urban areas with large Irish ...
This list of Scottish Gaelic surnames shows Scottish Gaelic surnames beside their English language equivalent.. Unlike English surnames (but in the same way as Slavic surnames), all of these have male and female forms depending on the bearer, e.g. all Mac- names become Nic- if the person is female.