String instruments, stringed instruments, or chordophones are musical instruments that produce sound from vibrating strings when the performer plays or sounds the strings in some manner. Musicians play some string instruments by plucking the strings with their fingers or a plectrum —and others by hitting the strings with a light wooden hammer ...
- List of String Instruments
Long String Instrument, (by Ellen Fullman, strings are...
- Earliest string instruments
Dating to around c. 13,000–BC, a cave painting in the Trois...
Musicologists have put forth examples of that 4th-century BC...
- List of String Instruments
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- String construction
- Bowed strings
- Core materials
- Winding materials
A string is the vibrating element that produces sound in string instruments such as the guitar, harp, piano, and members of the violin family. Strings are lengths of a flexible material that a musical instrument holds under tension so that they can vibrate freely, but controllably. Strings may be "plain", consisting only of a single material, like steel, nylon, or gut, or wound, having a "core" of one material and an overwinding of another. This is to make the string vibrate at the desired pitch
The end of the string that mounts to the instrument's tuning mechanism is usually plain. Depending on the instrument, the string's other, fixed end may have either a plain, loop, or ball end that attaches the string at the end opposite the tuning mechanism. When a ball or loop is used with a guitar, this ensures that the string stays fixed in the bridge of the guitar. When a ball or loop is used with a violin-family instrument, this keeps the string end fixed in the tailpiece. Fender Bullet stri
Bowed instrument strings, such as for the violin or cello, are usually described by tension rather than gauge. Fretted instruments strings are usually described by gauge—the diameter of the string. The tone of a string depends partly on weight, and, therefore, on its diameter—its gauge. Usually, string manufacturers that don't describe strings by tension list string diameter in thousandths of an inch. The larger the diameter, the heavier the string. Heavier strings require more tension ...
Since the 20th century, with the advent of steel and synthetic core strings, most bowed instrument string makers market their strings by tension rather than by diameter. They typically make string sets in three tension levels:heavy, medium, and light. These tension levels are not standardized between manufacturers, and do not correlate to specific diameters. One brand's medium strings may have quite a different tension from another brand's medium. Based on available historical records, gut strin
Steel forms the core of most metal strings. Certain keyboard instruments and the Gaelic harp use brass. Other natural materials, such as silk or gut—or synthetics such as nylon and kevlar are also used for string cores. Some violin E strings are gold-plated to improve tone quality.
Aluminum, silver, and chrome steel are common windings for bowed instruments like violin and viola, whereas acoustic guitar strings are usually wound with bronze and piano strings are usually wound with copper. To resist corrosion from sweat, aluminium may be used as a resistant alloy such as hydronalium. Classical guitar strings are typically nylon, with the basses being wound with either silver or bronze. Electric guitar strings are usually wound with nickel-plated steel; pure nickel and stain
A string instrument plays soft notes. The strings on the instrument usually come in many shapes and forms. There are many types of stringed instruments. The most common of these appear in the violin family. The violin is a small, stringed instrument played with a bow, usually made of horse's hair.
- Physical characteristics
- Music therapy
- Use in contemporary music
- Caucasian tar or Azerbaijani tar
Tar is an Iranian long-necked, waisted lute family instrument, shared by many cultures and countries including Iran, Azerbaijan, Uzbekistan, Armenia, Georgia, Tajikistan and others near the Caucasus and Central Asia regions. The older and more complete name of the tār is čāhārtār or čārtār, meaning in Persian "four string",. This is in accordance with a practice common in Persian-speaking areas of distinguishing lutes on the basis of the number of strings originally employed. Beside...
The body is a double-bowl shape carved from mulberry wood, with a thin membrane of stretched lamb-skin covering the top. The fingerboard has twenty-five to twenty-eight adjustable gut frets, and there are three double courses of strings. Its range is about two and one-half octaves, and it is played with a small brass plectrum. The long and narrow neck has a flat fingerboard running level to the membrane and ends in an elaborate pegbox with six wooden tuning pegs of different dimensions, adding t
The melodies performed on tar were considered useful for headache, insomnia and melancholy, as well as for eliminating nervous and muscle spasms. Listening to this instrument was believed to induce a quiet and philosophical mood, compelling the listener to reflect upon life. Its solemn melodies were thought to cause a person to relax and fall asleep. The author of Qabusnameh recommends that when selecting musical tones, to take into account the temperament of the listener. He suggested that lowe
The tar features prominently in Jeff Wayne's Musical Version of The War of the Worlds, in the section "Horsell Common and the Heat Ray". George Fenton played it on the original album, and Gaetan Schurrer can be seen playing one on the DVD of the 2006 production.
The "Caucasian tar" or "Azerbaijani tar" or "11 string tar" is an instrument in a slightly different shape from the Persian Tar and was developed from the Persian tar around 1870 by Sadigjan. It has a slightly different build and has more strings. The Caucasus tar has further one extra bass-string on the side, on a raised nut, and usually 2 double resonance strings via small metal nuts halfway the neck. All these strings are running next to the main strings over the bridge and are fixed to a str
Bowed string instruments are a subcategory of string instruments that are played by a bow rubbing the strings. The bow rubbing the string causes vibration which the instrument emits as sound. The Arabic rabāb is the earliest known bowed instrument ,  and the ancestor of all European bowed instruments, including the rebec , lyra and violin .
Kingri is a chordophone Indian bowed string instrument (string spike fiddle), similar to Rabab and Ravanastron.It has a resonator box of unglazed pottery, through which a stick is passed to function as the neck.
- Bowed strings
The scale length of a string instrument is the maximum vibrating length of the strings that produce sound, and determines the range of tones that string can produce at a given tension. It's also called string length. On instruments in which strings are not "stopped" or divided in length it is the actual length of string between the nut and the bridge. String instruments produce sound through the vibration of their strings. The range of tones these strings can produce is determined by three prima
The two most famous violin makers, Antonio Stradivari and Giuseppe Guarneri del Gesù, both used an open string length of 12.8 inches for their violins, which had already been established a generation before by Jacob Stainer. Later makers have been unwilling to deviate from this.
There is some variation in the scale length of an orchestral double bass, generally in the range 41.3–43.3 inches. There are also smaller versions of this "full scale" double bass with the same scale length but with a smaller sound box, intended for other musical idioms ...
Like that of the violin, the scale of the classical guitar was standardized by the work of its most famous maker. Antonio De Torres used a scale length of 25.6 inches, and later makers have followed suit. However, from the mid- 20th Century luthiers seeking increased volume have
The steel-string acoustic guitar typically has a scale slightly shorter than the classical instrument, the most common scales ranging between short scale and long scale. Small travel guitars and guitars specifically designed for children can have even shorter scales. For example,
Electric guitars reflect the range of scale lengths found with steel-string acoustics. With regard to tone, a longer scale favors "brightness" or cleaner overtones and more separated harmonics versus a shorter scales, which favors "warmth" or more muddy overtones. According to Da
The scale length of a piano is the length of the longest string. As this is normally the lowest bass note, it is a single string.
Struck string instruments (such as the piano) can be similarly plucked as an extended technique. Plucked string instruments are not a category in the Sachs-Hornbostel classification, aside from 335 and 336 , as some of them are simple chordophones and others are composite (depending on whether the resonator is the removable part of the instrument).
This is a list of musical instruments, including percussion, wind, stringed, and electronic instruments.