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Unitary state, a system of political organization in which most or all of the governing power resides in a centralized government, in contrast to a federal state. A brief treatment of the unitary state follows. For additional discussion, see Political system: Unitary nation-states. Read More on This Topic
Sep 04, 2020 · A unitary state, or unitary government, is a governing system in which a single central government has total power over all of its other political subdivisions. A unitary state is the opposite of a federation, where governmental powers and responsibilities are divided.
A unitary system of government, or unitary state, is a sovereign state governed as a single entity. The central government is supreme, and the administrative divisions exercise only powers that the central government has delegated to them.
Dec 24, 2020 · A unitary system is a form of government in which authority is concentrated in the central government. Local governments, such as those of regions or cities, are under the control of that central authority. They have only those powers granted to them, and the central government may alter or abolish local authorities at will.
- Centralization of Powers. In unitary system, all powers are centralized in the hands of the central government and only center is the reservoir of all state powers.
- Single and Simple Government. Unitary form of government is very simple system. With the exception of Britain, there are neither provincial assemblies and executives nor the upper chambers at the center.
- Uniformity of Laws. Another characteristic of unitary form of government, that laws of unitary system, unlike federation, are uniform because laws are made only by a single central government for the whole state.
- No Distribution of Powers. Constitutions of the federal form of state distribute powers between the centre and the provinces. In unitary system, there is no any list of distribution of powers in the constitution.
- Strong Centre. The division of powers is in favour of the Centre and highly inequitable from the federal angle. Firstly, the Union List contains more subjects than the State List.
- Central Government’s control over state territory. Unlike in other federations, the states in India have no right to territorial integrity. The Parliament can by unilateral action change the area, boundaries or name of any state.
- Single Constitution. Usually, in a federation, the states have the right to frame their own Constitution separate from that of the Centre. In India, on the contrary, no such power is given to the states.
- Flexibility of the Constitution. The bulk of the Constitution can be amended by the unilateral action of the Parliament, either by simple majority or by special majority.
A unitary system of government, or unitary state, is a sovereign state governed as a single entity. The central government is supreme, and the administrative divisions exercise only powers that the central government has delegated to them. 416 views View 1 Upvoter
A unitary system is a political method of organization where most, if not all, of the governing power for a society rests within a centralized government. The government then rules as a single entity, where administrative divisions exercise powers only if the authority has been delegated to them.