A large variety occurs in tropical Africa, but they are not as abundant or varied as in the two other tropical regions. However, the Euphorbiaceae also have many species in nontropical areas such as the Mediterranean Basin , the Middle East , South Africa , and the Southern United States .
Nov 14, 2020 · Family Notes: Many species in this family may be toxic (Webster 1986). Phyllanthaceae and Putranjivaceae are two families recently split from Euphorbiaceae that occur in Florida, as these families do not appear to be very closely related (Sun et al. 2016).
Euphorbiaceae. The Euphorbiaceae is a very large, widely distributed family including around 300 genera and 7700 species, mainly non-succulent herbs, shrubs and trees found in temperate, sub-tropical and tropical climates.
This enormous genus belongs to the very diverse Euphorbia Family (Euphorbiaceae) with at least 7,500 species. The variation within this genus is astonishing, from low-growing garden weeds called spurges to giant, cactus-like succulents that rival in size our North American sahuaro and organ-pipe cacti.
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Succulent euphorbias are most diverse in southern and eastern Africa and Madagascar, but they also occur in tropical Asia and the Americas. What makes a Euphorbia? All flowers in the Euphorbiaceae are unisexual (either male or female only), and they are often very small in size.
Like all members of the family Euphorbiaceae, spurges have unisexual flowers. In Euphorbia, flowers occur in a head, called the cyathium (plural cyathia). Each male or female flower in the cyathium head has only its essential sexual part, in males the stamen, and in females the pistil.
Pests and Disease: When grown in too wet soil, collar rot can occur. In addition, some kinds of Euphorbia are susceptible to powdery mildew. Otherwise Euphorbia are generally pest free. Maintenance: Most Euphorbia resent transplanting, but otherwise are easy to maintain. After flowering, the dead stems on the plant should be cut back to the ...
- Materials and Methods
- Results and Discussion
Euphorbiaceae, the spurge family, is a large family of flowering plants with 300 genera and around 7,500 species. Most spurges are herbs, but some, especially in the tropics, are shrubs or trees. Some are succulent and resemble cacti. This family occurs mainly in the tropics, with the majority of the species in the Indo-Malayan region and tropical America. A large variety occurs in tropical Africa, but they are not as abundant or varied as in these two other tropical regions. However, Euphorbia also has many species in non-tropical areas such as the Mediterranean Basin, the Middle East, South Africa, and southern USA . The leaves are alternate, seldom opposite, with stipules. They are mainly simple, but where compound, are always palmate, never pinnate. Stipules may be reduced to hairs, glands, or spines, or in succulent species are sometimes absent. The radially symmetrical flowers are unisexual, with the male and the female flowers usually occurring on the same plant. As can be...
The present study was based on the intensive field of the study area during the period of September 2012 to August 2013. A total of 16 species under 8 genera belonging to the family Euphorbiaceaewere collected and identified. The methods employed during the study were designed with the sole purpose of eliciting the precious wealth of information on the medicinal uses of plants practiced by the local people. Detailed survey was made to gather and document information regarding use of the plants as medicine. Usually, the survey in each locality started with the interview of elderly and experienced members, locally known as Hakims. Besides, this, the common people of the surveyed localities who themselves have used these plant-based medicines for health treatments were interviewed to prove veracity of the curative features of plants. Medicinal uses and data about the treatment of various ailments based on the information gathered by using questionnaires are given subsequently. The coll...
The present research work is based on the local knowledge of most commonly used medicinal plants of Euphorbiaceae family. Each medicinal plant species is provided with its scientific name, local name, chromosome number , plant parts (such as leaf, root, stem, fruit, latex, whole plant, seed, inflorescence and bark) mostly used and uses. The results obtained in the investigation need to be rigorously subjected to pharmachemical analysis in order to validate their authenticity and future prospects. The paper has only documented the herbal health remedies presently in vogue in the region and does not prescribe or recommend for their use till further determination by the pharmacologist. Data have been gathered on the traditional uses of plant species, especially for asthma, abscess, anthelmintic, astringent, bronchitis, bedsores, cancer, cough, diuretic, diarrhea, dysentery, eczema, earache, headache, inflammations, jaundice, kidney disease, leprosy, paralysis, skin diseases, scabies...
Taxonomy and medicinal uses of the family Euphorbiaceae growing throughout the Rajshahi city, Bangladesh were studied during September 2012 to August 2013. A total of 16 species under 8 genera belonging to the family Euphorbiaceaewere collected and identified. The present study may be a preliminary contribution of this area using standard research methods, focusing on medicinal plants and their local uses for the healthcare. This detailed information will be helpful for the pharmacognosist, botanist, ethno-botanist and pharmacologist for the collection and identification of the plant for further research works.
The authors are grateful to the local people of Rajshahi city for their co-operation and help during the research work.
A fast rooting method, which does not suit all species, is to stand cuttings in a narrow glass and fill up to 2-3 cm with water. Rooting can occur in 10-14 days.