The most notable features of P. opilio and many other harvestmen are the long, slender legs and short, globular body. Adult body length is approximately 3.5–9 mm, with males generally smaller than females.
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(In form Phalangium) a genus of arthropods, originally including harvestmen, false scorpions, and whip scorpions, later restricted to certain harvestmen (order Opiliones or Phalangida); (also phalangium) a harvestman of this genus. Valid publication of the genus name: Linnaeus Systema Naturae (ed. 10, 1758) I. 618.
Phalangium definition is - a venomous spider. a venomous spider; a genus (the type of the family the Phalangiidae) of harvestmen… See the full definition
Phalangium is a genus of harvestmen, that occurs mostly in the Old World. The best known species is Phalangium opilio, which is so common in many temperate regions that it is simply called 'harvestman'.
- Abbreviated Logonymy from WCO
- Abbreviated Geographic Records from WCO
• Phalangium opilio Linnaeus 1758: 618 . • Phalangium cornutum Linnaeus 1767 : 1028 [junior subjective synonym of Phalangium opilio Linnaeus, 1758 by Latreille (1798: 114), reaffirmed by Latreille (1804: 321) and many other authors, but with many subsequent inversions of precedence, see remarks below]. • Cerastoma curvicornis C.L. Koch 1839c: 30 [junior subjective synonym of Phalangium cornutum Linnaeus, 1767 by Kraepelin (1896)]. • Cerastoma brevicornis C.L. Koch 1839c: 30 [junior subjective synonym of Phalangium opilio Linnaeus, 1758 by Kulczyński (1904)]. • Opilio molluscus L.Koch 1867b: 887 [junior subjective synonym of Phalangium opilio Linnaeus, 1758 by Roewer (1911e: 8)]. • Opilio praefectus L.Koch 1867b: 888 [junior subjective synonym of Phalangium opilio Linnaeus, 1758 by Roewer (1911e: 8)]. • Cerastoma tirolense L.Koch 1869: 157 [junior subjective synonym of Phalangium opilio Linnaeus, 1758 by Roewer (1911e: 8)]. • Cerastoma capricorne L.Koch 1869: 158; Wajgiel 1868: 155;...
Phalangium opilio has been described in the same page as the genus Phalangium, with the short words: "Phalangium abdomine ovato: subtus albo." and "Habitat in Europa, America."There were two other species included in Phalangium: P. caudatum and P. reniforme, today included respectively in Thelyphonida and Amblypygi. The designation of P. opilio as type of Phalangiumwas only made much later, by Latreille in 1810.
Synonymy with inversion of precedence
Phalangium cornutum: junior subjective synonym of Phalangium opilio Linnaeus, 1758 (type of Phalangium): by Latreille (1798: 114, 1802a: 377). Synonym reaffirmed by Gray (1833: 501). Synonymy disclaimed: by Meade (1855: 399–401, 404), who believed (following Herbst 1798: 12) that P. opilio Linnaeus was Phalangium parietinum De Geer, 1778, now type of Opilio. Roewer (1912c: 91, 124), among others, followed Meade. All modern authors follow Thorell (1876: 486–490), Simon (1879b: 195) and Roewer...
Belgium (Becker 1896) Bulgaria (Roewer 1926b) Canada (Hackman 1956) China (Wang 1953) Croatia (Hadži 1930) Czech Republic (Bartoš 1941; Šilhavý 1940a; Šilhavý 1947) Estonia (Grube 1859, Schenkel-Haas 1924; Staręga 1978) France (Simon 1879b) Georgia (Mkheidze 1959; Staręga 1966a) Germany (De Geer 1778; C. Koch 1871) Greece (Roewer 1959b; Rambla 1968a) Hungary (Kolosváry 1933b) Italy (Canestrini 1872d; Cantoni 1882b; Caporiacco 1922; Caporiacco 1923; Caporiacco 1934a; Caporiacco 1938c; Lerma 1952b; Pavesi 1878b; Roewer 1924d; Simon 1882a) Latvia (Grube 1859; Tumss 1963) Lithuania (Eichwald 1830) Luxembourg (Muller 1962) Mongolia (Roewer 1911e) Morocco (Lépiney 1940) Netherlands (De Geer 1778; Spoek 1963) Norway (Fabricius 1780) Poland (Grentzenberg 1896; Kulczyński 1876; Snegovaya & Staręga 2009; Wajgiel 1868; Wajgiel 1874) Portugal (Bacelar 1928; Franganillo 1920; Kulczyński 1899; Schenkel 1938; Simon 1898b; Vieira 1893) Romania (Cîrdei 1942b; Corti in Jaquet 1905) Russia (Chemeris e...
“All parts of Europe, North and Central Asia, Asia Minor, North Africa and North America.” [Spoek 1963]. “Common Holarctic species, introduced in New Zealand.” [Staręga 1978]. “Cosmopolitan. Far Eastern records include Hokkaido (Suzuki, Tsurusaki, 1983), Habomai and Kuril Islands north to Matua (unpublished), Moneron. Surprisingly this species is not yet known from the mainland Russian Far East, though common in central and western Siberia (Chemeris et al. 1998).” [Crawford & Marusik 2007]. The word “cosmopolitan” is not accurate, as it is absent from northern Scandinavia, Greenland, Iceland, Afghanistan, Himalayas, Tropical Africa, Tropical America and Tropical Asia. A good summary of altitudinal distribution can be found in Martens (1978: 235).
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Inachus phalangium, Leach's spider crab, is a species of crabs from the north-eastern Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea. It is up to 20.5 mm (0.81 in) wide, and is very similar to other species in the genus Inachus.
Description: The "stalked bulbine", Bulbine frutescens, is a fast growing, succulent, evergreen perennial groundcover, with linear green leaves similar to onion leaf blades in opposite rows and clasping the stems at the base. It forms spreading clumps with greyish stems often bearing adventitious roots.
Metaphalangium cirtanum (C.L. Koch, 1839) is a common circum-Mediterranean species, presenting some degree of polymorphism, which led to a very large synonymy.