1883 (MDCCCLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar, the 1883rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 883rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 83rd year of the 19th century, and the 4th year of the 1880s decade.
1883. Jump to navigation Jump to search. Millennium: 2nd millennium: Centuries: 18th century – 19th century – 20th century: Decades: 1850s 1860s 1870s – ...
The year 1883 in science and technology involved some significant events, listed below.
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- Early phase
- Climactic phase
- Possible causes
- Verbeek investigation
The 1883 eruption of Krakatoa in the Sunda Strait began on May 20 1883 and peaked on the late morning of Monday, 27 August 1883, when over 70% of the island of Krakatoa and its surrounding archipelago were destroyed as it collapsed into a caldera. The eruption was one of the deadliest and most destructive volcanic events in recorded history and explosions were so violent that they were heard 3,110 kilometres away in Perth, Western Australia, and Rodrigues near Mauritius, 4,800 kilometres away. A
In the years before the 1883 eruption, seismic activity around the Krakatoa volcano was intense, with earthquakes felt as far away as Australia. Beginning on 19 May 1883, steam venting began to occur regularly from Perboewatan, the northernmost of the island's three cones. Eruptions of ash reached an estimated altitude of 6 km and explosions could be heard in New Batavia 160 km away. Eruptions at Krakatoa started again around 16 June, with loud explosions of a thick black cloud covering the isla
By 25 August, the Krakatoa eruptions intensified. At about 1:00 pm on 26 August, the volcano went into its paroxysmal phase. By 2:00 pm, a black cloud of ash could be seen 27 kilometres high. At this point, the eruption was almost continuous and explosions could be heard every ten minutes or so. Ships within 20 km of the volcano reported heavy ash fall, with pieces of hot pumice up to 10 cm in diameter landing on their decks. Between 7:00 pm and 8:00 pm, a small tsunami hit the shores of Java an
The combination of pyroclastic flows, volcanic ash, and tsunamis associated with the Krakatoa eruptions had disastrous regional consequences. Some land in Banten, approximately 90 km south, was never repopulated; it reverted to jungle and is now the Ujung Kulon National Park. The official death toll recorded by the Dutch authorities was 36,417.
The fate of northern Krakatoa has been the subject of some dispute among geologists. It was originally proposed that the island had been blown apart by the force of the eruption. Most of the material deposited by the volcano is clearly magmatic in origin, and the caldera formed by the eruption is not extensively filled with deposits from the 1883 eruption. This indicates that the island subsided into an empty magma chamber at the end of the eruption sequence, rather than having been destroyed du
Although the violent phase of the 1883 eruption was over by late afternoon of 27 August, after light returned by 29 August, reports continued for months that Krakatoa was still in eruption. One of the earliest duties of Verbeek's committee was to determine if this was true and also verify reports of other volcanoes erupting on Java and Sumatra. In general, these were found to be false, and Verbeek discounted any claims of Krakatoa still erupting after mid-October as due to steaming of hot materi
- 26 August 1883
- 27 August 1883
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The Beer and Whiskey League: The Illustrated History of the American Association-Baseball's Renegade Major League. New York: Lyons & Burford, Publishers ISBN 1-55821-285-X; External links. 1883 National League season at baseball-reference.com; 1883 American Association season at baseball-reference.com
1883 in Norwegian music; Events. October 22 – Opening of the first Metropolitan Opera House. Friedrich Kiel is involved in a traffic accident from which he never completely recovered. The Gretsch Company, manufacturers of drums, banjos and guitars, opens in Brooklyn, N.Y. Published popular music "A Boy's Best Friend Is His Mother" w.
1883 (MDCCCLXXXIII) a fost un an obișnuit al calendarului gregorian, care a început într-o zi de luni. Evenimente [ modificare | modificare sursă ] 5 iunie: A fost pus în circulație primul tren Orient Express care a unit Parisul de Constantinopole