The 18th century lasted from January 1, 1701 to December 31, 1800. During the 18th century, elements of Enlightenment thinking culminated in the American, French, and Haitian revolutions. During the century, slave trading and human trafficking expanded on a global scale.
This is a timeline of the 18th century. 1700s John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough The Battle of Poltava in 1709 turned the Russian Empire into a European power.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The 18th century is the century from 1701 to 1800. Lots of things happened in the 18th century. In warfare, pikes were not used anymore and the most popular type of gun was a Flintlock Musket.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to 18th century. Articles and events specifically relating to the 18th century, which included the years 1701 to 1800 (not 1700 to 1799 as the 1700s as is often erroneously claimed).
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- European literature in the 18th century
- English Literature in the Eighteenth Century by Year
- Others Literature in the Eighteenth Century by Year
Literature of the 18th century refers to world literature produced during the 18th century.
The 18th century in Europe was The Age of Enlightenment and literature explored themes of social upheaval, reversals of personal status, political satire, geographical exploration and the comparison between the supposed natural state of man and the supposed civilized state of man
In 1700, William Congreve's play The Way of the World premiered. Although unsuccessful at the time, The Way of the World is a good example of the sophistication of theatrical thinking during this period, with complex subplots and characters intended as ironic parodies of common s
Horace Walpole was born on 24 September 1717. Daniel Defoe was another political pamphleteer turned novelist like Jonathan Swift and was publishing in the early 18th century. In 1719, he published Robinson Crusoe. Alexander Smith was a biographer who authored A Complete History o
1720 1. Daniel Defoe's Captain Singleton is published. 1722 Daniel Defoe's Moll Flanders is published. Other published authors include Sir Richard Steele, Penelope Aubin and Eliza Haywood. Also in 1726, Jonathan Swift published Gulliver's Travels, one of the first novels in the g
From 1704 to 1717, Antoine Galland published the first European translation of the One Thousand and One Nights. His version of the tales appeared in twelve volumes and exerted a huge influence on subsequent European literature and attitudes to the Islamic world. Galland's transla
1743 Gavrila Derzhavin is born. 1752, Micromégas, a satirical short story by Voltaire, features space travellers visiting earth. It is one of the first stories to feature several elements of what will later become known as science fiction. Its publication at this time is ...
1772 March 10: Karl Wilhelm Friedrich von Schlegel is born. 1. German poet Novalis is born. 1774 Goethe wrote The Sorrows of Young Werther, a novel which approximately marks the beginning of the Romanticism movement in the arts and philosophy. A transition thus began, from the cr
- Body armour after 1700
- Early archaisms and exceptions to the rule
- Developments during the second half of the 18th century
- Usage of armour in tournaments
Armour in the 18th century was minimalist and restricted almost entirely to cavalry, in particular cuirassiers and, to a lesser degree, dragoons. Armour had been in rapid decline since the Thirty Years War, although some archaisms had lingered on into the early years of the 18th century, like Austrian cuirassiers with buff coats and lobster-tailed helmets or Hungarian warriors with mail armour and shields. With the exception of Poland-Lithuania, which still made use of hussars wearing suits of p
In the 18th century, the only troop type to wear body armour was the cuirassier, named after their cuirass. Described as "big men on big horses" those main task was to defeat the enemy cavalry, they were the closest thing to the heavily armoured knights of old. Usually painted black, their cuirass was rather uncomfortable to wear and quite heavy, as it was expected to withstand a musket shot before being accepted to service. Head protection was neglected throughout much of the 18th century. Afte
Commanders still would occasionally wear body armour during the early decades of the 18th century.
By the French Revolutionary Wars at the end of the 18th century, the use of body armour had declined to virtual extinction. Of all principal European armies, it was only the Austrian one that continued to employ armoured cuirassiers en masse. However, except when confronting the Ottomans like during the war of 1788-1791, only a breastplate was worn. The Austrian reform of 1798 even increased the number of cuirassier regiments by three, although the state of the cuirass itself was not altered, no
From 1776, Sweden saw several pseudo-medieval festivals that also included jousting tournaments. To protect themselves, the participants wore plate armour inspired by late medieval models.
Year Country Description Lives lost Image 1795 France Séduisant – a French 74-gun ship of the line that sank on 16 December 1796 while leaving Brest for the Expédition d'Irlande.YearCountryDescriptionDeaths17821782 Central Atlantic hurricane – On 17 September 1782, a hurricane caught a British fleet under Admiral Graves off the banks of Newfoundland. The French prizes in the fleet, captured at the Battle of the Saintes, Ville de Paris, Glorieux and Hector foundered, as did HMS Ramillies and HMS Centaur. A number of the merchant fleet, including Dutton, British Queen, Withywood, Rodney, Ann, Minerva and Mentor also foundered. Altogether around 3,500 lives were lost from the various ships.3,5001703The Channel Storm – In November 1703 a great storm swept the English Channel, causing the loss of thirteen men-of-war and the deaths of an estimated 1500 seamen.1,500+1707The Scilly naval disaster of 1707 – On 22 October 1707, a Royal Navy fleet en route from Gibraltar to Portsmouth sailed through dangerous reefs west of the Isles of Scilly. Four ships (HMS Association, HMS Eagle, HMS Romney and HMS Firebrand) sank. The exact number of crew lost is unknown. Statements vary between 1,400 and over 2,000. It was later determined that the main cause was the navigators' inability to calculate their longitude accurately.1,400–2,0001744HMS Victory – The 100-gun first-rate sank in a storm in the English Channel while returning to England on the night of 4 October 1744. With her were lost Admiral Sir John Balchen and her entire complement of around 1,150 men.1,150
This is a list of aviation-related events during the 18th century (January 1, 1701 – December 31, 1800): 1700s–1770s. 1709. Portuguese Father Bartolomeu de ...