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      • From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The 19th century was the century from 1801 to 1900. Most of this century is normally called the Victorian period because Queen Victoria ruled the United Kingdom.
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  2. › wiki › 19th_century19th century - Wikipedia

    The 19th ( nineteenth) century began on 1 January 1801 ( MDCCCI ), and ended on 31 December 1900 ( MCM ). The 19th century was the ninth century of the 2nd millennium . There was much social change in the 19th century. Slavery was abolished in much of Europe and the Americas. The First and Second Industrial Revolutions (which also overlap with ...

    • Imperialism

      Imperialism is the state policy, practice, or advocacy of...

    • Featured Characters at The 19th Century
    • Religion
    • Culture
    John Tenniel (February 28, 1820 - February 25, 1914) - the creators of Gary Manfield, first appearance in January 1, 1841.
    Mark Twain (November 30, 1835 - April 21, 1910) - the creators of Rosie the Mouse, first appearance in January 1, 1855.
    Thomas Edison (February 11, 1847 - October 18, 1931) - the creators of Chowder, first appearance in January 1, 1878.
    1830: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saintsis established on 6 April 1830.
    1844: Persian Prophet the Báb announces his revelation on 23 May, founding Bábism. He announced to the world of the coming of "He whom God shall make manifest". He is considered the forerunner of B...
    1848: The Christadelphians founded by John Thomas (Christadelphian).
    1871–1878: In Germany, Otto von Bismarck challenged the Catholic Church in the Kulturkampf("Culture War")
    1808: Beethoven composes Fifth Symphony
    1812: Brothers Grimm fairy tale edition writes his Snow White.
    1812: Charles Perrault and Brothers Grimm - two characters including Snow White and Cinderellameet for the first time.
    1813: Jane Austen publishes Pride and Prejudice
    • 18th century, 19th century, 20th century
    • 2nd millennium
  3. The 19th century in the United States refers to the period in the United States from 1801 through 1900 in the Gregorian calendar. For information on this period, see: Category:19th century in the United States; History of the United States series: History of the United States (1789–1849) History of the United States (1849–1865)

    • Overview
    • Mathematics
    • Physics
    • Chemistry
    • Biology and medicine

    The 19th century in science saw the birth of science as a profession; the term scientist was coined in 1833 by William Whewell, which soon replaced the older term of philosopher. Among the most influential ideas of the 19th century were those of Charles Darwin, who in 1859 published the book On the Origin of Species, which introduced the idea of ev...

    Throughout the 19th century mathematics became increasingly abstract. Carl Friedrich Gauss epitomizes this trend. He did revolutionary work on functions of complex variables, in geometry, and on the convergence of series, leaving aside his many contributions to science. He also gave the first satisfactory proofs of the fundamental theorem of algebr...

    In 1800, Alessandro Volta invented the electric battery and thus improved the way electric currents could also be studied. A year later, Thomas Young demonstrated the wave nature of light—which received strong experimental support from the work of Augustin-Jean Fresnel—and the principle of interference. In 1813, Peter Ewart supported the idea of th...

    In chemistry, Dmitri Mendeleev, following the atomic theory of John Dalton, created the first periodic table of elements.

    In 1859, Charles Darwin published the book The Origin of Species, which introduced the idea of evolution by natural selection. Oscar Hertwig publishes his findings in reproductive and developmental biology. In 1875 he published his first work, being the first to correctly describe animal conception. In his work later work in 1885, he described that...

  4. Literature of the 19th century refers to world literature produced during the 19th century. The range of years is, for the purpose of this article, literature written from (roughly) 1799 to 1900. Many of the developments in literature in this period parallel changes in the visual arts and other aspects of 19th-century culture. Contents

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