Ibn Saud was a tall man standing between 1.93 m (6 ft 4 in) and 1.98 m (6 ft 6 in). Relations with family members. Ibn Saud was said to be very close to his paternal aunt, Jawhara bint Faisal. From a young age, she ingrained in him a strong sense of family destiny and motivated him to regain the lost glory of the House of Saud.
- Early life and family origins
Ibn Saud was born on 15 January 1875 in Riyadh. He was the...
- Rise to power
Following the capture of Riyadh, many former supporters of...
- Oil discovery and his rule
Petroleum was discovered in Saudi Arabia in 1938 by SoCal,...
- Early life and family origins
Ibn Saud From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Abdulaziz ibn Saud (15 January 1876 – 9 November 1953), was the founder and first monarch of Saudi Arabia. He was usually known in the Arab world as Abdulaziz and known outside it as Ibn Saud.
Sarah married Ibn Saud about in 1900, but she bore him no sons. She later married Turki bin Abdullah bin Saud Al Saud and then, Abdulaziz bin Musaid bin Jiluwi. Her mother was the aunt of Ibn Saud's first wife. Tarfa bint Abdullah Al Sheikh. Tarfa was a member of the Al Sheikh clan. Her father was Abdullah bin Abdullatif.
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Abdulaziz bin Saúd y Faysal I de Irak en 1922. Ibn Saúd consolidó progresivamente los territorios en torno a la región de Nechd, en disputa con los partidarios de Ibn Rashid, aliado de los turcos, y gracias al apoyo británico que, sin embargo, derivó en un protectorado desde 1915, durante la Primera Guerra Mundial.
Abdul Rahman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud (Arabic: عبد الرحمن بن عبد العزيز آل سعود , ʿAbd ar Raḥman ibn ʿAbd l ʿAzīz Āl Suʿūd; 1931 – 13 July 2017) was a senior member of the House of Saud and Saudi Arabian deputy minister of defense and aviation.
- Early life
- Activities and succession
- Personal life
Turki I bin Abdulaziz Al Saud was the eldest son of Ibn Saud of Saudi Arabia. He accompanied his father during the conquest of the Arabian Peninsula at a young age, and witnessed battles in Kuwait and al-Hasa. He died in 1919 in the 1918-1920 flu pandemic, which also killed many others in the region, including his half-brother Saad, who was the younger full-brother of King Faisal and his younger full-brother Prince Fahd.
Turki al Awwal was the eldest son of Ibn Saud. His mother was Wadhah bint Muhammad bin 'Aqab, who belonged to the Bani Khalid tribe. She was the daughter of the chief of the Bani Khalid tribe, who ruled al-Hasa and was Ibn Saud's second wife. They married in 1896. Turki's birthplace is Kuwait City. He was born in 1900 when his family was in exile there. Turki was full-brother of King Saud. His full sisters include Munira and Noura.
Prince Turki was the deputy of his father as commander-in-chief of the army. He was Crown Prince beginning by his father's conquest of Riyadh on 15 January 1902 up to his own early death in 1919. When British government invited Ibn Saud to visit London, he assigned Prince Turki as his envoy. However, he could not attend the visit due to his death in 1919, and Prince Faisal was named the envoy of his father for this official visit.
Turki I's first wife gave birth to his son Faisal bin Turki. Years later, Faisal bin Turki became minister of interior in the government of King Saud from 1961 to 1962. Faisal bin Turki died in 1968 in Riyadh, and had a daughter named Sara who married the former governor of Najran province, Mishaal bin Saud. Turki also had a daughter with his other wife Tarfa Al Mhanna, Hes'sa bint Turki, who was the wife of Abdulaziz bin Faisal bin Abdulaziz, and they had two sons, Faisal and Turki. Princess He
Turki al Awwal died in Riyadh during the flu pandemic that killed his mother and many others in the region in 1919. His father was said to be deeply saddened by his death. After the death of Turki, his wife, Noweir bint Obaid Al Rasheed, married his younger brother Saud, and they had a daughter, named Al Anoud bint Saud.
- Early life
- Early career
- Death and funeral
Saud bin Abdulaziz Al Saud was King of Saudi Arabia from 9 November 1953 to 2 November 1964. After a period of internal tension in Saudi Arabia, he was forced from the throne and replaced by his brother Faisal. Major events 1954 The first five years plan announced by King Saud in his speech no. 1954 The formation of the "Saudi Arabian Naval Transport Company'' in association with Aristotle Onassis. 1954 The inauguration of the first naval ship "King Saud I" in Hamburg 1954 The inauguration of th
Prince Saud was born on 15 January 1902 in Kuwait City. The second son of Ibn Saud, he was born in the home of his grandfather, Abdul Rahman. They lived in Sikkat Inazza district of the city where the family was staying after their exile from Riyadh. When his father conquered Riyadh in 1902, Saud followed him with his mother and brothers. Prince Saud had one full brother, Turki I, and a sister, Mounira. Their mother was Ibn Saud's second wife, Wadhah bint Muhammad bin 'Hussein Al-Orair, who belo
Saud accompanied his father on his many expeditions and, participated in several campaigns during the unification of the Arabian Peninsula. His first political mission was at the age of thirteen, leading a delegation to Qatar. The first battle he fought was at Jirrab in 1915, followed by one at Yatab in the same year, then Trubah in 1919. In 1925, he stopped the Almahmal crisis in Makkah. He fought to stop the Ikhwan Revolt at Al Sebella in 1929. On 11 May 1933, he was appointed Crown Prince by
Saud succeeded his father King Abdulaziz ibn Saud as King on 9 November 1953 upon the latter's death. King Saud ascended the throne in a political climate very different from the time when his father Ibn Saud established his Kingdom.
King Saud died at the age of 67 on 23 February 1969 in Athens after suffering a heart attack. Two days before his death, he felt ill and asked his doctor Filnger from Austria to examine him. However, his physician arrived after he had died. In the morning of that day, Saud took a short walk on a beach with his daughter Nozhah, near the hotel where he used to live. His body was taken to Mecca then to Riyadh and the funeral ceremony took place at the Great Mosque in Mecca. He was buried next to hi
- Ibn Saud
- 9 November 1953 – 2 November 1964
- Wadhah bint Hussein Al Orair
Faisal bin Abdulaziz Al Saud (Arabic: فيصل بن عبدالعزيز آل سعود Fayṣal ibn ‘Abd al-‘Azīz Āl Su‘ūd; 14 April 1906 – 25 March 1975) was King of Saudi Arabia and Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques from 2 November 1964 to 25 March 1975. Faisal was the third son of King Abdulaziz.
- Political power
The House of Saud is the ruling royal family of Saudi Arabia. It is composed of the descendants of Muhammad bin Saud, founder of the Emirate of Diriyah, known as the First Saudi state, and his brothers, though the ruling faction of the family is primarily led by the descendants of Ibn Saud, the modern founder of Saudi Arabia. The most influential position of the royal family is the King of Saudi Arabia. The family in total is estimated to comprise some 15,000 members, however the majority of pow
House of Saud is a translation of Al Saud, an Arabic dynastic name formed by adding the word Al to the personal name of an ancestor. In the case of the Al Saud, the ancestor is Saud ibn Muhammad ibn Muqrin, the father of the dynasty's 18th century founder Muhammad bin Saud. Today, the surname "Al Saud" is carried by any descendant of Muhammad bin Saud or his three brothers Farhan, Thunayyan, and Mishari. Al Saud's other family branches like Saud al-Kabir, the Al Jiluwi, the Al Thunayan, the Al M
The earliest recorded ancestor of the Al Saud was Mani' ibn Rabiah Al-Muraydi who settled in Diriyah in 1446–1447 with his clan, the Mrudah. Although the Mrudah are believed to be descended from the Rabi'ah tribal confederation, the Banu Hanifa branches of the Rabi'ah ...
The First Saudi State was founded in 1744. This period was marked by conquest of neighboring areas and by religious zeal. At its height, the First Saudi State included most of the territory of modern-day Saudi Arabia, and raids by Al Saud's allies and followers reached into Yemen
A few years after the fall of Diriyah in 1818, the Saudis were able to re-establish their authority in Najd, establishing the Emirate of Nejd, commonly known as the Second Saudi State, with its capital in Riyadh. Compared to the First Saudi State, the second Saudi period was mark
The head of the House of Saud is the King of Saudi Arabia who serves as Head of State and monarch of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The King holds almost absolute political power. The King appoints ministers to his cabinet who supervise their respective ministries in his name. The key ministries of Defence, the Interior and Foreign Affairs are usually held by members of the Saud family, as are most of the thirteen regional governorships. Most portfolios, however, such as Finance, Labour, Informati
Succession has been from brother to brother since the death of the founder of modern Saudi Arabia. Ibn Saud was succeeded by his son Saud. Saud was succeeded by his brother Faisal. Faisal was succeeded by his brother Khalid who, in turn, was succeeded by his brother Fahd. Fahd was succeeded by his brother Abdullah, and Abdullah by his brother Salman, the current King. Salman appointed his half-brother Muqrin as Crown Prince in January 2015 and removed him in April 2015. Even Abdulaziz's youngest
In June 2015, Forbes listed Prince Al-Waleed bin Talal as the 34th-richest man in the world, with an estimated net worth of US$22.6 billion. Prince Al-Waleed had a net worth of $20.4 billion in 2014. As of 2020, the combined net worth of the entire royal family has been estimated at around $100 billion, which makes them the richest royal family among all monarchs, as well as one of the wealthiest families in the world.