The Achaemenid Empire (/ ə ˈ k iː m ə n ɪ d /; Old Persian: 𐎧𐏁𐏂, romanized: Xšāça, lit. 'The Empire'), also called the First Persian Empire, was an ancient Iranian empire based in Western Asia founded by Cyrus the Great.
Achaemenid Empire From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The Achaemenid Empire, or Achaemenid Persian Empire, (550–330 BC) was the first of the Persian Empires to rule over significant portions of Greater Persia (or Iran). It followed the Median Empire as the second great empire of the Iranian peoples.
The Achaemenid Empire, cried the First Persie Empire an aw, wis an empire based in Wastren Asie, foondit bi Cyrus the Great, notable for embracin various ceevilisations an acomin the lairgest empire o the auncient history, spannin at its maximum extent frae the Balkans an Eastren Europe proper in the wast, tae the Indus Valley in the east.
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Wikimedia Commons has media related to Achaemenid Empire. The main article for this category is Achaemenid Empire. The Achaemenid dynasty ruled the Persian Empire from c. 700 BCE to 330 BCE. This category contains Achaemenid chieftains and monarchs as well as topics associated with Achaemenid Persia.
Herodotus divided the Achaemenid Empire into 20 districts for the purpose of tribute payments. The following is a description of the ethnic makeup of the districts and the amount they paid in taxes, translated from Herodotus' Histories.
- In popular culture
The Immortals also known as the Persian Immortals was the name given by Herodotus to an elite heavily-armed infantry unit of 10,000 soldiers in the army of the Achaemenid Empire. This force performed the dual roles of both Imperial Guard and standing army. The force consisted mainly of Persians, but also included Medes and Elamites. Essential questions regarding the unit remain unanswered, because authoritative sources are missing.
Herodotus describes the 'Immortals' as being heavy infantry, led by Hydarnes; it provided the professional corps of the Persian armies and was kept constantly at a strength of exactly 10,000 men. He stated that the unit's name stemmed from the custom that every killed, seriously wounded, or sick member was immediately replaced with a new one, maintaining the corps as a cohesive entity with a constant strength. The Persian denomination of the unit is uncertain. This elite corps is only called the
The Immortals played an important role in Cambyses II's conquest of Egypt in 525 BC and Darius I's invasion of ancient India's smaller western frontier kingdoms and Scythia in 520 BC and 513 BC. Immortals participated in the Battle of Thermopylae 480 BC and were amongst the Persian occupation troops in Greece in 479 BC under Mardonius. During the final decades of the Achaemenid empire, the role expected of the hazarapatish of the Immortals was extended to include that of chief minister to the ki
Xenophon describes the guard of Cyrus the Great as having bronze breastplates and helmets, while their horses wore bronze chamfrons and peitrels together with shoulder pieces which also protected the rider’s thighs. Herodotus, instead, describes their armament as follows: wicker shields covered in leather, short spears, quivers, swords or large daggers, slings, bow and arrow. They wore scale armour coats. The spear counterbalances of the common soldiery were of silver; to differentiate ...
The first reoccurrence of the word "Immortals" is in Roman historians' description of an elite cavalry unit of the army of the Sasanian Empire. Primary sources suggest that they were numbered 10,000 men, with the difference that they were heavy cavalry. However, recent scholarshi
The designation "Immortal" to describe a military unit was used twice during the Byzantine Empire, first as elite heavy cavalry under John I Tzimiskes and then later by Nikephoritzes, the chief minister of Emperor Michael VII, as the core of a new central field army, following th
Many centuries later, during the Napoleonic Wars, French soldiers referred to Napoleon's Imperial Guard as "the Immortals".
Herodotus' account of two warrior elites - the Spartan hoplites and the Immortals - facing each other in battle has inspired a set of rather colorful depictions of the battle, especially in regard of the Immortals: 1. In the 1962 film The 300 Spartans the Immortals carry a spear and wicker shields like the actual Immortals. However, they are mostly dressed in black and other dark colors, as opposed to historical depictions. 2. Frank Miller's 1998 comic book 300, and the 2006 feature film adapted
- Fall of the Assyrian Empire
- Athura as part of the Achaemenid Empire
- Assyria after the Achaemenid period
Athura, also called Assyria, was a geographical area within the Achaemenid Empire in Upper Mesopotamia from 539 to 330 BCE as a military protectorate state. Although sometimes regarded as a satrapy, Achaemenid royal inscriptions list it as a dahyu, a concept generally interpreted as meaning either a group of people or both a country and its people, without any administrative implication. It mostly incorporated the territories of Neo-Assyrian Empire corresponding to what is now northern Iraq in t
Between the mid 14th centuries and late 11th century BCE, and again between the late 10th and late seventh centuries BCE, the respective Middle Assyrian Empire and Neo-Assyrian Empire dominated the Middle East militarily, culturally, economically and politically, and the Persians and their neighbours the Medes, Parthians, Elamites and Mannaeans were vassals of Assyria and paid tribute. However, the Assyrian empire descended into a period of civil war in 626 BCE, which drastically weakened it, an
The former major Assyrian capitals of Nineveh, Dur-Sharrukin and Kalhu were only sparsely populated during Achaemenid rule. Most Assyrian settlement was in smaller cities, towns and villages at plain level, in the mountains, or on mounds such as Tell ed-Darim. However, according to more recent Assyriologists such as Georges Roux, cities such as Arrapḫa, Guzana and Arbela remained intact, and Ashur was to revive. Despite many of the Assyrian cities being left largely in ruins from the ...
In the late fourth century BCE, Alexander the Great led his Greco-Macedonian army to conquer the Achaemenid Empire. The empire's vast territory and numerous tributary peoples ensured that rebellion would be a constant problem. This new Greek Empire relied upon the administrative system put in place by the Persians to govern these new lands; consequently, the Assyrian lands of Athura and Mada were administrated as such by their own satraps. When Alexander the Great died, the Greek successor state
Achaemenid Macedonia refers to the period in which the Kingdom of Macedonia was under the sway of the Achaemenid Persians.In 512/511 BC, the Persian general Megabyzus forced the Macedonian king Amyntas I to make his kingdom a vassal of the Achaemenids.
Achaemenid architectural heritage, beginning with the expansion of the empire around 550 B.C.E., was a period of artistic growth that left an extraordinary architectural legacy ranging from Cyrus the Great's solemn tomb in Pasargadae to the splendid structures of the opulent city of Persepolis.
- related to: Achaemenid Empire wikipedia