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  1. Aleppo - Wikipedia › wiki › Aleppo

    Aleppo has scarcely been touched by archaeologists, since the modern city occupies its ancient site. The earliest occupation of the site was around 5000 BC, as shown by excavations in Tallet Alsauda. Aleppo appears in historical records as an important city much earlier than Damascus.

    • 379 m (1,243 ft)
    • Mount Simeon (Jabal Semaan)
  2. Battle of Aleppo (2012–2016) - Wikipedia › wiki › Battle_of_Aleppo_(2012–2016)

    Battle of Aleppo (2012–2016) From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia For other uses, see Siege of Aleppo.

    • 19 July 2012 – 22 December 2016, (4 years, 5 months and 3 days)
    • Decisive Syrian Army and allied victory, City divided between a government-held west and rebel-held east, with two northern districts YPG-held, from July 2012 to November 2016, UNESCO World Heritage Site Ancient City of Aleppo largely damaged in the fighting, In December 2016, pro-government forces gained control of all of the formerly rebel-held east, The YPG controls Kurdish-majority Sheikh Maqsoud
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    What is the population of Aleppo?

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    What is the meaning of the Aleppo Codex?

    What happened in the Battle of Aleppo?

  4. Aleppo pepper - Wikipedia › wiki › Aleppo_pepper
    • Overview
    • Characteristics
    • Uses

    The Aleppo pepper is a variety of Capsicum annuum used as a spice, particularly in Middle Eastern, and Mediterranean cuisine. Also known as the Halaby pepper, it starts as pods, which ripen to a burgundy color, and then are semi-dried, de-seeded, then crushed or coarsely ground. The pepper flakes are known in Turkey as pul biber, and in Armenia as Haleb biber. In Turkey, pul biber is the third most commonly used spice, after salt and black pepper. In Arabic, the pepper is named after Aleppo, a l

    The Aleppo pepper has a moderate heat level of about 10,000 on the Scoville scale, with some fruitiness and mild, cumin-like undertones. Its flavor is similar to the ancho chile, but oilier and slightly salty; salt is often used in the drying process. It is fairly mild, with its heat building slowly, with a fruity, raisin-like flavor. It has also been described as having the flavor of "sweetness, roundness and perfume of the best kind of sundried tomatoes, but with a substantial kick behind it."

    The most common use is in the form of crushed flakes, which are typically slightly milder and oilier than conventional crushed red pepper, with a hint of saltiness and a slightly raisin-like flavor. Unlike crushed red pepper, the flakes contain no inner flesh or seeds, contributing to the mildness. Crushed Aleppo pepper can be used as a substitute for crushed red pepper or paprika. The spice is a common ingredient in some of the dishes that comprise a meze.

    • Medium
    • 10,000 SHU
  5. Aleppo soap - Wikipedia › wiki › Aleppo_soap
    • Overview
    • History
    • Manufacturing process
    • Ingredients
    • Skin care properties

    Aleppo soap is a handmade, hard bar soap associated with the city of Aleppo, Syria. Aleppo soap is classified as a Castile soap as it is a hard soap made from olive oil and lye, from which it is distinguished by the inclusion of laurel oil.

    The origin of Aleppo soap is unknown. Unverified claims of its great antiquity abound, such as its supposed use by Queen Cleopatra of Egypt and Queen Zenobia of Syria. It is commonly thought that the process of soap-making emanated from the Levant region and to have moved west from there to Europe after the First Crusades. This is based on the claim that the earliest soap made in Europe was shortly after the Crusades, but the soap was known to the Romans in the first century AD and Zosimos of Pa

    Traditional Aleppo soap is made by the "hot process". First, the olive oil is brought into a large, in-ground vat along with water and lye. Underneath the vat, there is an underground fire that heats the contents to a boil. Boiling lasts three days while the oil reacts with the lye and water to become a thick liquid soap. The laurel oil is added at the end of the process, and after it is mixed in, the mix is taken from the vat and poured over a large sheet of waxed paper on the floor of the fact

    Traditional Aleppo soap is made with olive oil, laurel berry oil, water and lye, while the relative concentration of laurel oil determines the quality and cost of the soap. Laurus nobilis, from which the berries come, is categorized as an underutilized species. As it is produced only from natural oils, Aleppo soap is also biodegradable. In the 20th century, with the introduction of cold process soap making, Allepian soap artisans began introducing a variety of herbs and essential oils to their s

    Aleppo soap can be used daily as soap for washing and shampooing, as face mask, as shaving cream, and for bathing infants and babies. Laurel oil is an effective cleanser, antimicrobial, antifungal and anti-itching agent.

  6. Citadel of Aleppo - Wikipedia › wiki › Citadel_of_Aleppo
    • Overview
    • History
    • Internal sites

    The Citadel of Aleppo is a large medieval fortified palace in the centre of the old city of Aleppo, northern Syria. It is considered to be one of the oldest and largest castles in the world. Usage of the Citadel hill dates back at least to the middle of the 3rd millennium BC. Occupied by many civilizations over time – including the Armenians, Greeks, Byzantines, Ayyubids, Mamluks and Ottomans – the majority of the construction as it stands today is thought to originate from the Ayyubid...

    The recently discovered temple of the ancient storm-god Hadad dates use of the hill to the middle of the 3rd millennium BC, as referenced in cuneiform texts from Ebla and Mari. The city became the capital of Yamhad and was known as the "City of Hadad". The temple remained in use from the 24th century BC to at least the 9th century BC, as evidenced by reliefs discovered at it during excavations by German archaeologist Kay Kohlmeyer. The patriarch Abraham is said to have milked his sheep on the ci

    There are many structural remains inside the citadel. Notable sites include

    • 3rd millennium BC – 12th century AD
    • Castle
  7. Aleppo - Wikipedia › wiki › Aleppo

    Aleppo (Arabic: حلب ‎ Ḥalab [ˈħælæb], ither names) is the lairgest ceety in Sirie an the caipital o Aleppo Govrenorate, the maist muckle Sirie govrenorate. Wi a population o 2,301,570 (2005 offeecial estimate), it is an aa the lairgest ceety in the Levant.

  8. Aleppo Vilayet - Wikipedia › wiki › Aleppo_Vilayet

    The vilayet was established in March 1866. The new boundaries of Aleppo were stretched northward to include the largely Turkish-speaking cities of Maraş and Antep giving the province a roughly equal number of Arabic- and Turkish-speakers, as well as a large Armenian-speaking minority.

  9. Aleppo – Wikipedia › wiki › Aleppo

    Aleppo (arab. حَلَب ‎, Ḥalab) on Syyrian pohjoisosassa sijaitseva kaupunki. Se on Syyrian suurin kaupunki ja Aleppon maakunnan pääkaupunki. Vuonna 2004 kaupungin asukasluku oli 2 132 100 ihmistä.

  10. Aleppo – Wikipedia › wiki › Aleppo

    Aleppo har genom historien varit ett viktigt handelscentrum. Industri och turism var – fram till inbördeskrigets utbrott – växande näringar; Aleppo har varit Syriens viktigaste industristad, med produktion av bland annat textilier, elektronik, livsmedel och kemikalier. Bland de kvarvarande hantverksnäringarna kan nämnas tillverkning av ...

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