Blues is a music genre and musical form which was originated in the Deep South of the United States around the 1860s by African-Americans from roots in African-American work songs, and spirituals. Blues incorporated spirituals, work songs, field hollers, shouts, chants, and rhymed simple narrative ballads. The blues form, ubiquitous in jazz ...
The St. Louis Blues are a professional ice hockey team based in St. Louis. The Blues compete in the National Hockey League (NHL) as a member of the Central Division in the Western Conference . The franchise was founded in 1967 as one of the six teams from the 1967 NHL expansion and is named after the W. C. Handy song " Saint Louis Blues ".
- Chord Pattern
- Melodic Pattern
- Lyric Pattern
- Blues Influenced Music
- Notable Blues Musicians
- Other Websites
Blues is based on a simple pattern. “Blues is easy to play, but hard to feel”-Jimi Hendrix. A common form for the blues is a repeating 12 bar form (each bar has 4 beats). This is put together as 3 phrases or sections, each being 4 bars long. The basic blues only needs 3 chords, one based on the first note of the scale - the tonic chord, one based on the fourth note of the scale - the subdominant chord, and one based on the fifth note of the scale - the dominantchord. The first section or phrase of 4 bars only uses the tonic chord. A common variation is to use the subdominant chord in the second bar. The second phrase has 2 bars (8 beats) of subdominant chord then 2 bars of tonic chord. The third phrase has 1 bar (4 beats) of dominant chord, 1 bar of subdominant chord and finishes with 2 bars of tonic chord. In a scale based on the note C (C is the 1st or tonic, F is the 4th or subdominant, and G is the 5th or dominant), the chord pattern of a 12 bar blues would be like this: C C C C...
The melody of the simplest blues scales are based on the minor pentatonic scalefor example C Eflat G A Bflat C, with extra notes (called "blue notes") added like this C Eflat Gflat G A Bflat C. Blue notes do not normally fit a scale, but they give the music a special feeling.
The lyrics (words) are usually about life, more specifically, the bad things in life. They are simple blues songs that are also based around the form of 3 phrases. The first phrase is set over the first 4 bars of music. The second phrase words are a repetition of the first phrase, this always happens and emphasises the message. The third phrase completes the "story" and rhymes (ends with the same sound) as the first line. This verse from Robert Johnson's "Crossroad Blues"shows how these phrases work in a song: I went to the crossroads, fell down on my knees I went to the crossroads, fell down on my knees Asked the Lord above, have mercy now, save poor Bob if you please
The blues have made a difference in newer American and Western popular music, such as jazz, bluegrass, rhythm and blues, rock and roll, hip-hop, and country music, as well as common pop songs.
Blues rock is a fusion music genre that combines elements of blues and rock music. It is mostly an electric ensemble-style music with instrumentation similar to electric blues and rock. From its beginnings in the early to mid-1960s, blues rock has gone through several stylistic shifts and along the way it inspired and influenced hard rock, Southern rock, and early heavy metal. Blues rock started with rock musicians in the United Kingdom and the United States performing American blues songs. They
Blues rock can be characterized by bluesy improvisation, extended boogie jams typically focused on electric guitar solos, and often a heavier, riff-oriented sound and feel to the songs than found in typical Chicago-style blues. Blues rock bands "borrow the idea of an instrumental combo and loud amplification from rock & roll". It is also often played at a fast tempo, again distinguishing it from the blues. Blues rock songs often follow typical blues structures, such as twelve-bar blues, sixteen-
Rock uses driving rhythms and electric guitar techniques such as distortion and power chords already used by 1950s blues guitarists, particularly Memphis bluesmen such as Joe Hill Louis, Willie Johnson and Pat Hare. Characteristics that blues rock adopted from electric blues include its dense texture, basic blues band instrumentation, rough declamatory vocal style, heavy guitar riffs, string-bending blues-scale guitar solos, strong beat, thick riff-laden texture, and posturing performances. Prec
While blues rock and hard rock shared many similarities in the early 1970s, more traditional blues styles influenced blues rock in the 1980s, when the Fabulous Thunderbirds and Stevie Ray Vaughan recorded their best-known works, and the 1990s, which saw guitarists Gary Moore, Jeff Healey, and Kenny Wayne Shepherd become popular concert attractions. Groups such as the Jon Spencer Blues Explosion and the White Stripes brought an edgier, more diverse style into the 2000s, while the Black Keys retur
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Blues is a genre an muisical form oreeginated bi African Americans in the Deep Sooth o the Unitit States aroond the end o the 19t century.
- Founding and Early History
- Deram Records, Threshold Records, 1967–1972
- A Break and Solo Work, 1974–1977
- Reunion, 1977–1990
- 1990s to Present
- Legacy and Honours
- Moody Bluegrass
Early years, Decca Records 1964–1966
The Moody Blues formed in 1964 in Erdington, a suburb of Birmingham in the county of Warwickshire. Ray Thomas, a young John Lodge and (occasionally) Mike Pinder had been members of El Riot & the Rebels. They disbanded when Lodge, the youngest member, went to technical college and Pinder joined the army. Pinder then rejoined Thomas to form the Krew Cats. Back from a disappointing spell in the Hamburg region a few months later, the pair recruited guitarist/vocalist Denny Laine and band manager-...
Arrival of Hayward and Lodge
The group re-formed in November 1966. By then, "Boulevard de la Madeleine" had made the Belgian charts and won them more fans, which came in handy when they relocated to Belgium for some time. The new members were John Lodge, their bassist from El Riot who was now finished with his education, and Justin Hayward, formerly of the Wilde Three. Hayward was recommended to Pinder by Eric Burdon of the Animals and was endorsed by famed UK singer Marty Wilde, the leader of the Wilde Three. Pinder pho...
Days of Future Passed
The Moody Blues' contract with Decca Records was set to expire and they owed the label several thousand pounds in advances. The second album had never materialised either. They had the support, however, of Decca A&R manager Hugh Mendl, who had been instrumental in the recent establishment of London/Decca's new subsidiary imprint Deram Records. With Mendl's backing, the Moody Blues were offered a deal to make a rock and roll version of Antonín Dvořák's New World Symphony to promote the company...
In Search of the Lost Chord
The 1968 follow-up LP, In Search of the Lost Chord included "Legend of a Mind", a song written by Ray Thomas in tribute to LSD guru Timothy Leary which encompassed a flute solo performed by Thomas – four members of the group had taken LSD together at the start of 1967. A promotional film for the song was filmed on location at Groot-Bijgaarden Castle near Brussels in Belgium. Lodge provided a two-part song "House of Four Doors" set either side of Thomas' epic piece. Justin Hayward began playin...
On the Threshold of a Dream
On 1969's On the Threshold of a Dream, Hayward, Edge and Pinder share the opening narration on Edge's "In The Beginning", leading into Hayward's "Lovely To See You". His "Never Comes the Day" was issued as a UK single, while Thomas' wry observations of life in "Dear Diary" and "Lazy Day" were striking features. Pinder contributed the closing track on side one, "So Deep Within You". Side two closed with the "Dream Sequence", Edge's poem "The Dream" leading into Pinder's "Have You Heard?" parts...
In the spring of 1974, after completing a vast world tour that culminated with a tour of Asia, the group took an extended break, erroneously reported as a break-up at the time, because of the other band members feeling exhausted and overshadowed (this was said by Hayward in the final issue of Higher & Higher magazine 2006). Although the band had typically featured four lead vocalists (with Edge also contributing vocally), Hayward was the principal guitarist/vocalist whilst Pinder was considered to be the person most responsible for their symphonic sound, arrangements, and overall conceptual direction. Pinder and Thomas also doubled as the Moodies' onstage MCs (as the "Caught Live + 5" album displayed. Caught Live + 5 was a live double album recorded c. 1969 but released c. 1977 with five previously unreleased studio tracks from 1967-69 added.) Before the band's 1973–74 world tour (their last with Pinder), Hayward wrote a song called "Island" with the intention of including it on a p...
In 1977, the group made a decision to record together again, with their record company Decca urging a reunion album. London Records decided to release a somewhat poorly mixed eight-year-old recording of the band performing at London's Royal Albert Hall, against their artistic wishes. London/Decca did this in an attempt to re-energise public interest in the Moody Blues before their anticipated new album, but by this time Pinder had remarried and started a family in California, so for their reu...
Octave, Pinder departs and the arrival of Moraz, Long Distance Voyager and The Present
During this period, the prog-rock band Yes had asked their keyboardist Patrick Moraz to leave, and he joined the Moody Blues as keyboardist for the Octave World Tour. The album sold well and produced the hits "Steppin' in a Slide Zone", (no. 39 US) and "Driftwood", (no. 59 US). On Octave, Hayward had four solo compositions, whilst Edge contributed "I'll Be Level With You" (aka "Little Man"). The Moody Blues toured the US and Europe during much of 1979. A live CD The Moody Blu...
The Other Side of Life, Sur la Mer
In 1986 they enjoyed renewed success with their album The Other Side of Life and in particular with the track "Your Wildest Dreams" – a US Top 10 hit (and No. 1 on Billboard's Adult Contemporary singles chart for two weeks) which garnered a Billboard Video of the Year award after being frequently featured on MTV. Newly employed producer Tony Visconti and Barry Radman, a synth programmer formerly engaged by Moraz, delivered a modern sound the Moodies had been seeking in order to remain competi...
Departure of Moraz and Court TV lawsuit
In 1991, halfway through the production of their new studio album, Patrick Moraz did an interview with Keyboard magazine and made some comments in the article that suggested dissatisfaction with his role in the Moodies. His complaints ranged from the Moodies' music becoming too simple in structure to the other members' reluctance to allow him to make significant contributions to the songwriting on their albums. He also was occupied with spending large amounts of time planning a music concert...
Keys of the Kingdom
Keys of the Kingdom, released in 1991, had modest commercial success when released and once again, Hayward's songs led off the album, with the new singles "Say It with Love" and "Bless the Wings (That Bring You Back)." Also included was a new ambient flute piece by Ray Thomas entitled "Celtic Sonant." Hayward and Thomas also co-wrote "Never Blame the Rainbows for the Rain" to close the album. Lodge made a defining shift in his songwriting on this album, leaving his trademark high-energy rock...
Strange Times, 1990s tours
From 1991 to 1998 the group took a hiatus from recording and spent time trying to perfect the art of performing live with an orchestra. The recording hiatus ended in 1999, with the album Strange Times, their first album in almost two decades to be more than moderately received by British critics, although Justin Hayward was quoted as saying he was disappointed at the album's chart performance – probably not helped by the long recording hiatus – which was notably less than Keys of the Kingdom...
The Moody Blues' "rich symphonic sound" influenced groups such as Yes, Genesis, the Electric Light Orchestra and Deep Purple. They also helped make synthesizers and philosophy "part of the rock mainstream". The Moody Blues are members of the Vocal Group Hall of Fame. In 2013, readers of Rolling Stone voted for them as one of the ten bands that should be inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. Ultimate Classic Rockcalled them "perennial victims of an unaccountable snubbing" and inducted them into its own Hall of Fame in 2014. Writing for The Guardian in 2015, Rob Chapman described the band as "psychedelia's forgotten heroes". He stated: "Despite their success, rock critics rarely took the Moody Blues seriously, a pattern that continued for the next 45 years." He also wrote: "Despite the critical disapproval, the best of the Moody Blues music between 1967 and 1970 possessed grace and beauty. Like the Beatles, they understood how pop songs worked as ensemble pieces. None of them...
The Moody Bluegrass project is a group of Nashville artists who have recorded two tribute albums of Moody Blues songs in the bluegrass style. The first album, Moody Bluegrass – A Nashville Tribute to the Moody Blues, was released in 2004. Those involved included Alison Krauss, Harley Allen, Tim O'Brien, John Cowan, Larry Cordle, Jan Harvey, Emma Harvey, Sam Bush and Jon Randall. A second Moody Bluegrass album, Moody Bluegrass Two...Much Love, was released in 2011. In addition to many of the participants of the first album, a number of tracks included guest performances from Hayward, Lodge and Edge, (each of whom is credited as the lead vocalist on one song) plus Thomas and Pinder, making this the first time since 1978 that these five musicians all appeared on one newly recorded album.
Current members 1. Graeme Edge– drums, percussion, vocals (1964–present) 2. Justin Hayward– guitar, vocals (1966–present) 3. John Lodge– bass, guitar, vocals (1966–present) Former members 1. Denny Laine– guitar, vocals (1964–1966) 2. Mike Pinder– keyboards, vocals (1964–1978) 3. Ray Thomas– flute, percussion, harmonica, vocals (1964–2002) (died 2018) 4. Clint Warwick– bass, vocals (1964–1966) (died 2004) 5. Rodney Clark – bass, vocals (1966) 6. Patrick Moraz– keyboards (1978–1991)
The Blues Brothers are an American blues and soul revivalist band founded in 1978 by comedians Dan Aykroyd and John Belushi as part of a musical sketch on Saturday Night Live. Belushi and Aykroyd fronted the band, in character, respectively, as lead vocalist ' Joliet ' Jake Blues and harmonica player/vocalist Elwood Blues.
- Características Principales
- Historia de Los Distintos Géneros Del Blues
- Repercusión Musical
- Repercusión Social
- Enlaces Externos
La frase the blues hace referencia a los blue devils (diablos azules), la depresión y la tristeza. Una de las primeras referencias a the blues puede encontrarse en la farsa Blue Devils, a farce in one act (1798) de George Colman. A pesar de que la frase, en la música afroamericana, pueda tener un significado más antiguo se atestiguó que en 1912, en Memphis (Tennessee) el músico W. C. Handy ya utilizaba (en su tema «Memphis Blues») el término the blues para referirse a un estado de ánimo depresivo.
Todas las canciones del blues presentan un momento de guitarra ya sea largo o corto; el canto es opcional.Los géneros asociados al blues comparten un pequeño número de características similares, debido a que este género musical adopta su forma de las características personales de cada artista que lo interpreta. Sin embargo, existen una serie de características que estaban presentes mucho antes de la creación del blues moderno. Una de las primeras formas de música conocida que guarda similitud con el blues, se corresponde con los gritos de llamada y respuesta (música), los cuales se definieron como «expresiones funcionales de un estilo con acompañamiento o armonía y alejados de la formalidad de cualquier estructura musical».Una forma de este estilo pre-bluesse pudo escuchar en los lamentos, o gritos de campo de esclavos, los cuales tomaron la forma de «canciones de un sólo intérprete con contenido emocional». El blues, hoy en día, se puede definir como un género musical basado ta...
El blues ha evolucionado de una música vocal sin acompañamiento, interpretada por trabajadores negros pobres, a una gran variedad de subgéneros y estilos, con variedades regionales a lo largo de todo Estados Unidos y, posteriormente, de Europa y África Occidental. Las estructuras musicales y los estilos que están considerados hoy día como el blues, así como en la música country moderna, nacieron en las mismas regiones del sur de Estados Unidos durante el siglo XIX. Pueden encontrarse grabacio...
Blues de preguerra
La industria estadounidense de publicación de partituras produjo una gran cantidad de música ragtime. Hacia 1912, esta industria publicó tres composiciones asociadas al blues, precipitando la adopción de elementos de blues por parte del Tin Pan Alley: «Baby Seals' Blues» de Baby F. Seals (con arreglos de Artie Matthews), «Dallas Blues» de Hart Wand y «Memphis Blues» de W. C. Handy. Handy fue un músico, compositor y arreglista bien formado que ayudó a popularizar el blues transcribiendo y...
Blues inicial de posguerra
Tras la Segunda Guerra Mundial, y en la década de 1950, los afroamericanos se trasladaron a las ciudades del norte de Estados Unidos y nuevos géneros musicales (como el blues eléctrico), se hicieron populares en ciudades como Chicago, Detroit y Kansas City. El blueseléctrico utilizaba guitarras amplificadas eléctricamente, bajos eléctricos, baterías y armónicas. Chicago se convirtió en el centro de este género a principios de los años cincuenta. El Chicago blues está influenciado, en gran par...
Los géneros musicales del blues, sus estructuras, melodías y la escala blues han influenciado a muchos otros géneros musicales como el jazz, rock and roll y la música pop. Artistas renombrados del jazz, folk o rock and roll como Louis Armstrong, Duke Ellington, Miles Davis, Elvis Presley y Bob Dylan tienen en su haber varias grabaciones importantes de blues. La escala blues suele utilizarse en canciones populares como la del músico Harold Arlen «Blues in the Night», baladas blues como «Since I Fell for You» y «Please Send Me Someone to Love» e incluso en trabajos de orquesta como las obras de George Gershwin Rhapsody in Blue y Concerto en fa. La escala blues está presente en gran parte de la música popular moderna, especialmente la progresión de terceras utilizada en la música rock (por ejemplo en el tema «A Hard Day’s Night» de The Beatles). Las estructuras blues se utilizan en cabeceras de series de televisión como el éxito «Turn Me Loose» del teen idol Fabián en la serie Batman,...
Al igual que el jazz, el rock and roll, el heavy metal y el hip hop, el blues ha sido acusado de ser la «música del diablo» y de incitar a la violencia y a todo tipo de comportamientos delictivos. Durante los años veinte (periodo en el cual la audiencia blanca comenzó a interesarse por la música blues) este género gozaba de mala reputación, siendo W. C. Handy el primer músico en mejorar la imagen del bluesante el resto de los estadounidenses que no eran negros. Hoy en día, el blues es uno de los principales componentes de la cultura afroamericana y de la herencia cultural estadounidense en general, reflejándose dicha importancia no solo en estudios universitarios sino también en películas como Sounder, The Blues Brothers, Crossroads y O Brother, Where Art Thou? (película en la que aparece caracterizado, con ciertas licencias, el guitarrista de blues Robert Johnson). Las películas de The Blues Brothers, en las cuales se entremezclan varios géneros mu...Barlow, William (1993). «Cashing In». Split Image: African Americans in the Mass Media: 31.Clarke, Donald (1995). The Rise and Fall of Popular Music. St. Martin's Press. ISBN 0-312-11573-3.Ewen, David (1957). Panorama of American Popular Music. Prentice Hall. ISBN 0-13-648360-7.Ferris, Jean (1993). America's Musical Landscape. Brown & Benchmark. ISBN 0-697-12516-5.Wikcionario tiene definiciones y otra información sobre blues.Wikimedia Commons alberga una categoría multimedia sobre Blues.
The "blues" are the police officers in their blue uniforms. The show received critical acclaim and its production innovations influenced many subsequent dramatic television series produced in the United States and Canada. In its debut season, the series won eight Emmy Awards, a debut season record later surpassed only by The West Wing.