A brigandine is a form of body armour from the Middle Ages.It is a garment typically made of heavy cloth, canvas or leather, lined internally with small oblong steel plates riveted to the fabric, sometimes with a second layer of fabric on the inside.
- Jack of Plate
The jack is similar to the brigandine.The main difference is...
Protective clothing and armour have been used by armies from...
The form of the brigandine is essentially the same as the...
- Jack of Plate
Brigandine is a tactical role-playing game for the PlayStation video game console, created by developer Hearty Robin and released in 1998.It was released in North America by Atlus the same year, under the expanded title Brigandine: The Legend of Forsena.
- Development and release
Brigandine: The Legend of Runersia is a tactical role-playing game developed by Matrix Software and published by Happinet. It is a sequel to the 1998 PlayStation game Brigandine: The Legend of Forsena, and features the same core gameplay with a new setting. The player chooses one of six nations of the continent of Runersia and must guide it to conquer the others and unify the land using powerful Rune Knights and their summoned monsters. The game was released worldwide for the Nintendo Switch on
As in the previous game, gameplay in Brigandine: The Legend of Runersia is a mix of tactical, turn-based battles and grand strategy. The player assumes control of one of six different nations, each with their own strengths and weaknesses, and must use troops to attack and occupy enemy castles while defending their own. Each troop consists of a number of monsters under the command of a human leader called a Rune Knight. There are over 100 unique Rune Knights, and each nation has a single Rune Kni
The game features a multi-faceted war between six nations, five of which bear powerful armor relics called Brigandines, for complete control of the continent of Runersia. The conflict was instigated in the year 781 by a series of consequential events: the Norzaleo Kingdom's monarch dying under unexplained circumstances, civil unrest in the Holy Gustava Empire precipitating an invasion of Norzaleo, the disappearance of the Republic of Guimoule's president, a revolution within the Mana Saleesia Th
Brigandine: The Legend of Runersia was revealed by publisher Happinet for Nintendo Switch on September 5, 2019, accompanied by the game's first teaser trailer and gameplay screenshots. In February 2020, it was confirmed that the game would release worldwide on June 25, 2020. A free demo of the game was released on the Nintendo eShop on April 30, 2020, which contains a tutorial and an opening segment of the Norzaleo Kingdom campaign. The game features both digital and physical editions. The digit
According to Famitsu, the game debuted at #6 in Japan with 15,242 units sold in the first week. The game also debuted at #4 in Taiwan according to Media Create.
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The brigantine was the second-most popular rig for ships built in the British colonies in North America before 1775 The most popular type of vessel was the sloop. The brigantine was swifter and more easily maneuvered than a sloop or schooner, hence was employed for piracy, espionage, and reconnoitering, and as an outlying attendant upon large ...
- Atlantic maritime nations
- Sailing rig
Sep 29, 2019 · The brigandine takes its name from the troops, by which it was first worn, who were called brigans, they were a kind of light armed irregular foot, much addicted to plunder, whence it is probable the appellation of brigands was given to other freebooters.
Brigandine from Handbuch der Waffenkunde (Handbook of Weaponry), Wendelin Boeheim, 1890. A brigandine is a form of body armour from the Middle Ages . It is a garment typically made of heavy cloth , canvas or leather , lined internally with small oblong steel plates riveted to the fabric, sometimes with a second layer of fabric on the inside.
During the Ming dynasty (1368–1644), brigandine began to supplant lamellar armour and was used to a great degree into the Qing dynasty (1644–1912.). By the 19th century most Qing armour, which was of the brigandine type, were purely ceremonial, having kept the outer studs for aesthetic purposes, and omitted the protective metal plates.
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Protected clothing and armour have been used by armies from earliest recorded history; the King James Version of the Bible [Jeremiah 46:4] translates the Hebrew סרין SiRYoN "coat of mail" as "brigandine". Medieval brigandines were essentially a refinement of the earlier coat of plates, which developed in the late 12th century, typically of simpler construction made of larger plates. The Asian-originated armour reached Europe after the Mongol invasion in 1240 that destroyed the Kievan Rus' and generated extensive damage to the Kingdom of Hungary in 1241. The new armour became very popular first in Eastern Europe, especially in Hungary, towards the end of the 13th century and after having proved effective was adopted by the medieval states from West Europe several decades later.Later Brigandines first appeared towards the end of the 14th century, but survived beyond this transitional period between mail and plate, and came into wide use in the 15th century, remaining in use well into...
The form of the brigandine is essentially the same as the civilian doublet, though it is commonly sleeveless. However, depictions of brigandine armour with sleeves are known. The small armour plates were sometimes riveted between two layers of stout cloth, or just to an outer layer. Unlike armour for the torso made from large plates, the brigandine was flexible, with a degree of movement between each of the overlapping plates. Many brigandines appear to have had larger, somewhat 'L-shaped' plates over the central chest area. The rivets, or nails, attaching the plates to the fabric were often decorated, being gilt, or of latten, and sometimes embossed with a design. The rivets were also often grouped to produce a repeating decorative pattern. In more expensive brigandines the outer layer of cloth was usually of velvet. The contrast between a richly dyed velvet cloth and gilded rivet heads must have been impressive and, unsurprisingly, such armour was popular with high status individu...
It was commonly worn over a gambeson and mail shirt and it was not long before this form of protection was commonly used by soldiers ranging in rank from archers to knights. It was most commonly used by Men-at-arms. These wore brigandine, along with plate arm and leg protection, as well as a helmet. However, even with the gambeson and the mail shirt, a wearer was not as well protected as when wearing plate armor. However, the brigandine was probably favored by soldiers who preferred the greater degree of mobility this armour afforded.Brigandine was simple enough in design for a soldier to make and repair his own armor without needing the high skill of an armorer.A common myth is that brigandines were so-named because they were a popular choice of protection for bandits and outlaws.This is untrue. Originally the term "brigand" referred to a foot soldier. A brigandine was simply a type of armour worn by a foot soldier. It had nothing to do with its alleged ability to be concealed by b...
European jack of plates
A similar type of armor was the jack of plates or coat of plates, commonly referred to simply as a "jack" (although this could also refer to any outer garment). This type of armor was used by common Medieval European soldiers and the rebel peasants known as Jacquerie. Like the brigandine, the jack was made of small iron plates between layers of felt and canvas. The main difference is in the method of construction: a brigandine is riveted whereas a jack is sewn. Jacks were often made from recy...
Indian "coat of ten thousand nails"
The Indian equivalent of the Brigandine was the Chihal'Ta Hazar Masha, or "Coat of ten thousand nails": a padded leather jacket covered in velvet and containing steel plates which was used until the early 19th century. The skirt was split to the waist, allowing the soldier to ride a horse. Matching vambraces and boots containing metal plates were also used. It was derived from Islamic armor used by the Saracen armies. These were often elaborately decorated with gold lace, silk and satin and a...
A type of armour very similar in design to the brigandine was used in medieval China.Russian orientalist and weapon expert Mikhail Gorelik states that it was invented in the 8th century as parade armour for the Emperor's guards by reinforcing a thick cloth robe with overlaping iron plates, but did not come into wide use until the 13th century, when it became widespread in the newborn Mongol Empire under the name of hatangu degel("robe which is as strong as iron"). He also argues that Eastern...
The coat of plates is similar to several other armours such as lamellar, scale and brigandine. Unlike scale armour which has plates on the outside or splint armour in which plates can be inside or outside, a coat of plates has the plates on the inside of the foundation garment. It is generally distinguished from a brigandine by having larger ...
Fournissant une excellente protection, c'est une armure peu onéreuse (moins chère que le plastron sur mesures fait par le forgeron, plus rapide à produire que la maille) et simple à fabriquer. Pour ces raisons, elle est rapidement adoptée par les nombreux mercenaires du XIVe siècle qui portaient alors les noms de « routiers » ou « brigands », d'où le nom de l'armure.
En Europe occidentale, l'usage de la brigandine est attesté depuis le troisième quart du XIVe siècle et elle devient dès le début du XVe siècle une protection très courante de l'homme d'arme, notamment du fait de son faible coût comparé à celui des pièces d'armure tout métal. Son emploi perdure durant le XVIe siècle mais décline à partir des années 1550, l'usage de la brigandine étant finalement abandonné dans les premières années du XVIIe siècle. Ces armures légères sont fabriquées par un brigandinier. Toutefois, il semble que l'usage de la brigandine a été très courant dans la Chine ancienne où le vêtement extérieur a été largement utilisé pour faire apparaître un uniforme, des insignes, des signes de reconnaissance. Par extension naturelle, on retrouve largement ce type d'armure, en Corée, en Mongolie ou en Inde (avec des spécificités locales, bien entendu) jusqu'au XIVe siècle.
Durant toute sa période d'utilisation en Europe, la forme de cette protection varie peu. La brigandine fournit une protection du torse, de l'abdomen et de la partie supérieure des hanches à la façon d'un doublet dépourvu de manches. Des protections de bras et de cuisse, à la façon respectivement des spalières et tassettes des armures, complètent parfois la brigandine.
Cette armure est composée de petites plaques métalliques carrées ou rectangulaires rivetées à une couche externe de cuir ou de toile épaisse (lin ou velours), les plaques se chevauchant. Une couche de tissu interne peut être présente. Les plaques sont souvent étamées pour éviter la corrosion surtout dans le cas où il n'existe pas une couche de tissu interne. Certaines formes de brigandines des XIVe et XVe siècles comportent une protection renforcée au niveau des poumons composée de deux grandes plaques en forme de « L » adossées. La Brigandine se ferme via des sangles d'épaule et une série de sangles sur le devant, à la façon d'une veste ou parfois à l'aide d'aiguillettes passées dans des œillets cousus. La fermeture par un lien sur le côté devient plus fréquente au cours du XVIe siècle.
Parmi les protections apparentées (composite de métal et de cuir/tissus) en Europe occidentale, on peut citer la cotte de plaques, dont les plaques sont plus grandes et non chevauchantes ou la jacques de plaques, composée de plaques (en général de récupération d'autres armures) non chevauchantes et non pas rivetées mais fixées au support de tissus/cuir par un lien passant dans un trou unique pratiqué dans chaque plaque.